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Mt' Sinai

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Do we come to the world with miracles, or with the truth about God? Mark Twain ... 'The two Testaments are interesting, each in its own way. ... – PowerPoint PPT presentation

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Title: Mt' Sinai


1
Mt. Sinai
  • Gods powerful descent on Mt. Sinai
  • Moses intercession
  • The Law 10 Commandments
  • Strange laws for a strange time
  • The Sacrificial System
  • You have stayed long enough at this mountain.
    Break camp and move on. (Deuteronomy 16,7 GN)

2
Numbers
3
Numbers
  • On the twentieth day of the second month in the
    second year after the people left Egypt, the
    cloud over the Tent of the LORD's presence
    lifted, and the Israelites started on their
    journey out of the Sinai Desert. The cloud came
    to rest in the wilderness of Paran. They began to
    march at the command of the LORD through Moses
    (Numbers 1011-13 GN)

4
Numbers
  • Census 603,550 men over 25
  • Complaining and trouble
  • 12 Spies
  • 40 year wandering all over the age of 25 died
    (except Joshua and Caleb)
  • Korahs rebellion
  • Moses strikes the rock
  • Nearing the promised land
  • Balaam
  • Census 601,730 men over 25
  • There was not even one man left among those whom
    Moses and Aaron had listed in the first census in
    the Sinai Desert. The LORD had said that all of
    them would die in the wilderness, and except for
    Caleb son of Jephunneh and Joshua son of Nun they
    all did. (Numbers 2664,65 GN)

5
Complaining and Trouble
  • The people complain
  • There is nothing at all to eat nothing but
    this manna day after day! (Numbers 116 GN)
  • Moses complains
  • Moses heard all the people complaining as they
    stood around in groups at the entrances of their
    tents. He was distressed because the LORD had
    become angry with them, and he said to the LORD,
    Why have you treated me so badly? Why are you
    displeased with me? Why have you given me the
    responsibility for all these people? I didn't
    create them or bring them to birth! Why should
    you ask me to act like a nurse and carry them in
    my arms like babies all the way to the land you
    promised to their ancestors? Where could I get
    enough meat for all these people? They keep
    whining and asking for meat. I cant be
    responsible for all these people by myself its
    too much for me! If you are going to treat me
    like this, have pity on me and kill me, so that I
    won't have to endure your cruelty any longer.
    (Numbers 1110-14 GN)

6
Complaining and Trouble
  • God Now tell the people, Purify yourselves for
    tomorrow you will have meat to eat. The LORD has
    heard your whining and saying that you wished you
    had some meat and that you were better off in
    Egypt. Now the LORD will give you meat, and you
    will have to eat it. You will have to eat it not
    just for one or two days, or five, or ten, or
    even twenty days, but for a whole month, until it
    comes out of your ears, until you are sick of it.
    This will happen because you have rejected the
    LORD who is here among you and have complained to
    him that you should never have left Egypt.
  • Moses Moses said to the LORD, Here I am leading
    600,000 people, and you say that you will give
    them enough meat for a month? Could enough cattle
    and sheep be killed to satisfy them? Are all the
    fish in the sea enough for them?
  • God Is there a limit to my power? the LORD
    answered. You will soon see whether what I have
    said will happen or not! So Moses went out and
    told the people what the LORD had said. He
    assembled seventy of the leaders and placed them
    around the Tent. (Numbers 1118-24 - GN)

7
Complaining and Trouble
  • Suddenly the LORD sent a wind that brought
    quails from the sea, flying three feet above the
    ground. They settled on the camp and all around
    it for miles and miles in every direction. So all
    that day, all night, and all the next day, the
    people worked catching quails no one gathered
    less than fifty bushels. They spread them out to
    dry all around the camp. While there was still
    plenty of meat for them to eat, the LORD became
    angry with the people and caused an epidemic to
    break out among them. That place was named
    Kibroth Hattaavah (which means Graves of
    Craving), because there they buried the people
    who had craved meat. (Numbers 1131-34)

8
Complaining and Trouble
  • Aaron and Miriam complain
  • Moses had married a Cushite woman, and Miriam
    and Aaron criticized him for it. They said, Has
    the LORD spoken only through Moses? Hasnt he
    also spoken through us? The LORD heard what they
    said. (Moses was a humble man, more humble than
    anyone else on earth.). Suddenly the LORD said to
    Moses, Aaron, and Miriam, I want the three of
    you to come out to the Tent of my presence. They
    went, and the LORD came down in a pillar of
    cloud, stood at the entrance of the Tent, and
    called out, Aaron! Miriam! The two of them
    stepped forward, and the LORD said (Numbers
    121-6 GN)
  • Gods response
  • Listen carefully to what Im telling you. If
    there is a prophet of God among you, I make
    myself known to him in visions, I speak to him in
    dreams. But I dont do it that way with my
    servant Moses he has the run of my entire house
    I speak to him intimately, in person, in plain
    talk without riddles He ponders the very form of
    God. So why did you show no reverence or respect
    in speaking against my servant, against Moses?
    (Numbers 126-8 The Message)

9
Contrast the attitude
  • The people
  • Aaron and Miriam
  • Moses
  • I cant be responsible for all these people by
    myself its too much for me! If you are going to
    treat me like this, have pity on me and kill me,
    so that I won't have to endure your cruelty any
    longer
  • Here I am leading 600,000 people, and you say
    that you will give them enough meat for a month?
    Could enough cattle and sheep be killed to
    satisfy them? Are all the fish in the sea enough
    for them?
  • God
  • I speak to him intimately, in person, in plain
    talk without riddles He ponders the very form of
    God. So why did you show no reverence or respect
    in speaking against my servant, against Moses?

10
The 12 spies
  • The LORD said to Moses, Choose one of the
    leaders from each of the twelve tribes and send
    them as spies to explore the land of Canaan,
    which I am giving to the Israelites. (Numbers
    131,2 GN)
  • But the people who live there are powerful, and
    their cities are very large and well fortified.
    Even worse, we saw the descendants of giants
    there. (Numbers 1328 GN)
  • Caleb silenced the people who were complaining
    against Moses, and said, We should attack now
    and take the land we are strong enough to
    conquer it. (Numbers 1330 GN)
  • All night long the people cried out in distress.
    They complained against Moses and Aaron, and
    said, It would have been better to die in Egypt
    or even here in the wilderness. Why is the LORD
    taking us into that land? We will be killed in
    battle, and our wives and children will be
    captured. Wouldnt it be better to go back to
    Egypt? So they said to one another, Let's
    choose a leader and go back to Egypt! (Numbers
    141-4 GN)

11
The 12 spies
  • Then Moses and Aaron bowed to the ground in
    front of all the people. And Joshua son of Nun
    and Caleb son of Jephunneh, two of the spies,
    tore their clothes in sorrow and said to the
    people, The land we explored is an excellent
    land. If the Lord is pleased with us, he will
    take us there and give us that rich and fertile
    land. Do not rebel against the Lord and don't be
    afraid of the people who live there. We will
    conquer them easily. The Lord is with us and has
    defeated the gods who protected them so don't be
    afraid. The whole community was threatening to
    stone them to death, but suddenly the people saw
    the dazzling light of the Lord's presence appear
    over the Tent. The Lord said to Moses, How much
    longer will these people reject me? How much
    longer will they refuse to trust in me, even
    though I have performed so many miracles among
    them? (Numbers 145-10 GN).

12
Do we need more miracles?
  • If only I could see an undeniable miracle, then
    I would believe
  • Did the people who built the tower of Babel
    believe in God?
  • Did the people wandering through the desert
    believe in God?
  • How much longer will they refuse to trust in me,
    even though I have performed so many miracles
    among them? (Numbers 1411 GN)
  • Did the Pharisees believe in God?
  • After the resurrection of Lazarus
  • From that day on the Jewish authorities made
    plans to kill Jesus (John 1153 - GN).
  • Even though he had performed all these miracles
    in their presence, they did not believe in him
    (John 1237 GN).
  • Merely believing in God does us no good if we
    have a misconception of his true character

13
Do we need more miracles?
  • The Wicked One will come with the power of Satan
    and perform all kinds of false miracles and
    wonders, and use every kind of wicked deceit on
    those who will perish. They will perish because
    they did not welcome and love the truth so as to
    be saved (2 Thessalonians 29,10 - GN).
  • What truth?
  • Whoever tells you good news that is different
    from the Good News we gave you should be
    condemned to hell, even if he is one of us or an
    angel from heaven (Galatians 18 GODS WORD).

14
What is the Good News?
  • But I reckon my own life to be worth nothing to
    me I only want to complete my mission and finish
    the work that the Lord Jesus gave me to do, which
    is to declare the Good News about the grace of
    GodAnd now I commend you to the care of God and
    the message of his grace, which is able to build
    you up and give you the blessings God has for all
    his people (Acts 2024,32).
  • For I am not ashamed of the gospel it is the
    power of God for salvation to every one who has
    faith, to the Jew first and also to the Greek.
    For in it the righteousness of God is revealed
    through faith for faith as it is written, He
    who through faith is righteous shall live
    (Romans 117,18, NRSV).

15
Do we need more miracles?
  • Above all else, we need to be settled into the
    Good News about the character of God, not that he
    has power
  • Spectacular signs and wonders may convince people
    that there is a God
  • But
  • This is not helpful if one has a false picture of
    Gods character
  • Is it good to convince an atheist that God exists?

16
Do we present a consistent and believable picture
of God to the world?
  • Jesus is God
  • If youve seen me, youve seen the Father
  • I am gentle and humble in spirit
  • God washes the dirty feet of his betrayer
  • God wants our love and friendship
  • BUT..God is also just
  • Worship me or Ill burn you (forever, or for as
    long as you deserve)
  • God wrath must be appeased by sacrifice
  • Infraction against the just demands of the law
    must be appeased for God to be just

17
Do we come to the world with miracles, or with
the truth about God?
  • Mark Twain
  • False picture of God based on the Bible
  • It aint the parts of the Bible that I cant
    understand that bother me, it is the parts that I
    do understand
  • The two Testaments are interesting, each in its
    own way. The Old one gives us a picture of these
    peoples Deity as he was before he got religion,
    the other one gives us a picture of him as he
    appeared afterward
  • Our Bible reveals to us the character of our god
    with minute and remorseless exactnessIt is
    perhaps the most damnatory biography that exists
    in print anywhere. It makes Nero an angel of
    light and leading by contrast
  • If there is a God, he is a malign thug
  • who mouths justice, and invented hellmouths
    mercy, and invented hellmouths Golden Rules and
    forgiveness multiplies by seventy times seven,
    and invented hell who mouths morals to other
    people, and has none himself
  • God, so atrocious in the Old Testament, so
    attractive in the New - - the Jekyl and Hyde of
    sacred romance

18
Do we come to the world with miracles, or with
the truth about God?
  • Mark Twain
  • False picture of God from those who claim to
    believe in him
  • There has been only one Christian. They caught
    him and crucified him - - early
  • One of the proofs of the immortality of the soul
    is that myriads have believed in it. They have
    also believed the world was flat
  • Man is the religious animal. He is the only
    religious animal. He is the only animal that has
    the True Religion several of them. He is the
    only animal that loves his neighbor as himself
    and cuts his throat if his theology isnt
    straight. He has made a graveyard of the globe in
    trying his honest best to smooth his brothers
    path to happiness and heaven

19
Do we come to the world with miracles, or with
the truth about God?
  • Would proof of Gods existence have been Good
    News to Mr. Twain?
  • How would he have changed, based on the evidence
    of God by miracle?
  • Forced obedience in order to avoid punishment
  • Obedience from fear turns ones character into
    that of a rebel

20
Do we come to the world with miracles, or with
the truth about God?
  • Creation evolution debate
  • Scientific evidence for the existence of God
  • The danger exists that we bring people to believe
    in the existence of a false picture of God
  • Youre hopeless, you religion scholars and
    Pharisees! Frauds! You go halfway around the
    world to make a convert, but once you get him you
    make him into a replica of yourselves,
    double-damned. (Matthew 2315 The Message)
  • Those who killed Christ Commandment keepers,
    church goers, tithe payers, faithful Bible
    readers, Sabbath keepers

21
  • Back to the rebels in the desert

22
What did God do to these people?
  • Then Moses and Aaron bowed to the ground in
    front of all the people. And Joshua son of Nun
    and Caleb son of Jephunneh, two of the spies,
    tore their clothes in sorrow and said to the
    people, The land we explored is an excellent
    land. If the Lord is pleased with us, he will
    take us there and give us that rich and fertile
    land. Do not rebel against the Lord and don't be
    afraid of the people who live there. We will
    conquer them easily. The Lord is with us and has
    defeated the gods who protected them so don't be
    afraid. The whole community was threatening to
    stone them to death, but suddenly the people saw
    the dazzling light of the Lord's presence appear
    over the Tent. The Lord said to Moses, How much
    longer will these people reject me? How much
    longer will they refuse to trust in me, even
    though I have performed so many miracles among
    them? (Numbers 145-10 GN).

23
Forgiveness
  • What did God do to these people who rebelled and
    did not trust in him?
  • The Lord answered, I will forgive them, as you
    have asked. But I promise that as surely as I
    live and as surely as my presence fills the
    earth, none of these people will live to enter
    that land. They have seen the dazzling light of
    my presence and the miracles that I performed in
    Egypt and in the wilderness, but they have tried
    my patience over and over again and have refused
    to obey me. They will never enter the land which
    I promised to their ancestors. None of those who
    have rejected me will ever enter it (Numbers
    1420-23).

24
Forgiveness
  • Were they forgiven?
  • How many of these forgiven people entered the
    promised land?
  • How many of these forgiven people will arrive in
    heaven?
  • Wouldnt the fact that they were forgiven
    indicate a proper adjustment of their legal
    standing?
  • What does God want? What is the requirement for
    salvation?

25
Forgiveness
  • Must we be forgiven to be saved?
  • Are some forgiven, and others not forgiven?
  • Does God not forgive some people?
  • Must we ask for forgiveness to be saved?
  • What happens when God forgives?
  • Does God forgive everyone?
  • If you are forgiven by God, are you saved?
  • Why does God forgive? What is the purpose?

26
Forgiveness
  • As Stephen was stoned to death
  • And he fell to his knees, shouting, Lord, dont
    charge them with this sin! And with that, he
    died. (Acts 760 - NLT).
  • Is Stephen more forgiving than God?
  • Was he influenced by Jesus?
  • Jesus
  • Forgive them, Father! (Luke 2334 - GN).
  • The Father, who is in complete harmony with the
    Son, also forgave those rebels.
  • Will these forgiven people who tortured Jesus at
    the foot of the cross be in heaven?
  • Maybe some were won to God
  • The thief on the cross
  • The Roman Centurion
  • When the captain there saw what happened, he
    honored God This man was innocent! A good man,
    and innocent! All who had come around as
    spectators to watch the show, when they saw what
    actually happened, were overcome with grief and
    headed home. (Luke 2347,48 The Message)

27
Forgiveness
  • What is the purpose? What is the mechanism?
  • Is it for Gods benefit or for our benefit?
  • Or perhaps you despise his great kindness,
    tolerance, and patience. Surely you know that God
    is kind, because he is trying to lead you to
    repent. (Romans 24 GN)
  • And now God can always point to us as examples
    of how very, very rich his kindness is, as shown
    in all he has done for us through Jesus Christ.
    Because of his kindness you have been saved
    through trusting God (Ephesians 27,8 Living
    Bible).
  • It is virtue and love from God that stimulates
    genuine repentance in us. Forgiveness is not
    something God needs to do before he can accept
    us. He offers forgiveness as a means of bringing
    us to him.
  • To accept Gods forgiveness is to appreciate,
    recognize, and to gratefully receive his kindness
    and graciousness. This changes us, not God.

28
Character traits of God
  • Kind
  • Gentle
  • Humble
  • Gracious
  • Forgiveness personified

29
Korahs rebellion
  • Korah son of Izhar, from the Levite clan of
    Kohath, rebelled against the leadership of Moses.
    He was joined by three members of the tribe of
    ReubenDathan and Abiram, the sons of Eliab, and
    On son of Pelethand by 250 other Israelites,
    well-known leaders chosen by the community. They
    assembled before Moses and Aaron and said to
    them, You have gone too far! All the members of
    the community belong to the Lord, and the Lord is
    with all of us. Why, then, Moses, do you set
    yourself above the Lords community? When Moses
    heard this, he threw himself on the ground and
    prayed. Then he said to Korah and his followers,
    Tomorrow morning the Lord will show us who
    belongs to him he will let the one who belongs
    to him, that is, the one he has chosen, approach
    him at the altar. Tomorrow morning you and your
    followers take firepans, put live coals and
    incense on them, and take them to the altar. Then
    we will see which of us the Lord has chosen. You
    Levites are the ones who have gone too far!
    (Numbers 161-7 GN)

30
Korahs rebellion
  • Moses continued to speak to Korah. Listen, you
    Levites! Do you consider it a small matter that
    the God of Israel has set you apart from the rest
    of the community, so that you can approach him,
    perform your service in the LORD's Tent, and
    minister to the community and serve them? He has
    let you and all the other Levites have this
    honor---and now you are trying to get the
    priesthood too! When you complain against Aaron,
    it is really against the LORD that you and your
    followers are rebelling. Then Moses sent for
    Dathan and Abiram, but they said, We will not
    come! Isnt it enough that you have brought us
    out of the fertile land of Egypt to kill us here
    in the wilderness? Do you also have to lord it
    over us? You certainly have not brought us into a
    fertile land or given us fields and vineyards as
    our possession, and now you are trying to deceive
    us. We will not come! Moses became angry and
    said to the LORD, Do not accept any offerings
    these men bring. I have not wronged any of them
    I have not even taken one of their donkeys.
    Moses said to Korah, Tomorrow you and your 250
    followers must come to the Tent of the LORD's
    presence Aaron will also be there. Each of you
    will take his fire pan, put incense on it, and
    then present it at the altar.

31
Korahs rebellion
  • So they each took their fire pans, put live
    coals and incense on them, and stood at the
    entrance of the Tent with Moses and Aaron. Then
    Korah gathered the whole community, and they
    stood facing Moses and Aaron at the entrance of
    the Tent. Suddenly the dazzling light of the
    LORD's presence appeared to the whole community,
    and the LORD said to Moses and Aaron, Move back
    from these people, and I will destroy them
    immediately. But Moses and Aaron bowed down with
    their faces to the ground and said, O God, you
    are the source of all life. When one of us sins,
    do you become angry with the whole community?
    (Numbers 168-22 GN)

32
Korahs rebellion
  • The LORD said to Moses, Tell the people to move
    away from the tents of Korah, Dathan, and
    Abiram. Then Moses, accompanied by the leaders
    of Israel, went to Dathan and Abiram. He said to
    the people, Get away from the tents of these
    wicked men and dont touch anything that belongs
    to them. Otherwise, you will be wiped out with
    them for all their sins. So they moved away from
    the tents of Korah, Dathan, and Abiram. Dathan
    and Abiram had come out and were standing at the
    entrance of their tents, with their wives and
    children. Moses said to the people, This is how
    you will know that the LORD has sent me to do all
    these things and that it is not by my own choice
    that I have done them. If these men die a natural
    death without some punishment from God, then the
    LORD did not send me. But if the LORD does
    something unheard of, and the earth opens up and
    swallows them with all they own, so that they go
    down alive to the world of the dead, you will
    know that these men have rejected the LORD.

33
Korahs rebellion
  • As soon as he had finished speaking, the ground
    under Dathan and Abiram split open and swallowed
    them and their families, together with all of
    Korah's followers and their possessions. So they
    went down alive to the world of the dead, with
    their possessions. The earth closed over them,
    and they vanished. All the people of Israel who
    were there fled when they heard their cry. They
    shouted, Run! The earth might swallow us too!
    Then the LORD sent a fire that blazed out and
    burned up the 250 men who had presented the
    incense. (Numbers 1623-35 - GN)

34
Korahs rebellion
  • God asked for only the 250 leaders to come
  • Korah brought the entire community (which would
    indicate that they were in agreement with him)
  • Moses spoke for God to indicate that they must
    separate themselves from Korah and his rebellion
  • Moses suggested that the earth would open up
  • What was the response of the rebellious people?

35
Korahs rebellion
  • The next day the whole community complained
    against Moses and Aaron and said, You have
    killed some of the LORD's people. (Numbers
    1641 GN)

36
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