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The New Deal

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The New Deal. 1933-1941. Key Quotes: FDR's Inauguration Speech ... Employed 12,000 Actors to put on plays and concerts to cheer people up! ... – PowerPoint PPT presentation

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Title: The New Deal


1
The New Deal
  • 1933-1941

2
Key Quotes FDRs Inauguration Speech
This Nation asks for action, and action now. Our
greatest primary task is to put people to work.
I shall ask congress for broad executive power to
wage was against the emergency.
3
Causes of the Depression
Fewer goods are sold.
Demand drops.
The Spiral Of Depression
In order to stay in business companies cut wages
Companies are forced to cut costs by laying
people off
People lose their confidence start saving
their money
Demand drops even further.
4
Reversing the Spiral of Depression
Cycle of Prosperity!
Democrats called this Process Pump Priming
5
WHAT WERE THE AIMS OF THE NEW DEAL?
GETTING AMERICANS BACK TO WORK
PROTECTING THEIR SAVINGS AND PROPERTY
PROVIDING RELIEF FOR THE SICK OLD AND UNEMPLOYED
GETTING AMERICAN AGRICULTURE AND INDUSTRY BACK ON
THEIR FEET
6
WHAT DID THE NEW DEAL DO?
All banks closed until passed ok by government
inspectors.Soon 5,000 banks re-opened
EMERGENCY BANKING ACT
FEDERAL EMERGENCY RELIEF ADMINISTRATION
To meet the needs of the poor.500 million spent
on soup kitchens,employment schemes
7
WHAT DID THE NEW DEAL DO?
Put young men to work on conservation
projects.Over 2 million men helped.
CIVILIAN CONSERVATION CORPS
AGRICULTURAL ADJUSTMENT ADMINISTRATION
Set Quotas to reduce farm production and raise
prices.Encouraged modernisation!
8
PWA Public Works Administration
  • Built 70 of USA Schools.
  • Built 35 of USA Hospitals.
  • Built four river dams.
  • Electrified the New York Washington railway.
  • Built 50 military airports.
  • Built two aircraft carriers.
  • Built four cruisers destroyers for the US Navy.
  • Built a new sewage system in Chicago.

9
WHAT WAS THE T.V.A.?
THE TENNESSEE VALLEY AUTHORITY
The TVA was an independent organisation. It built
a series of dams on the Tennessee river. These
irrigated the land in summer and prevented
flooding in winter as well as providing
electricity for people. Thousands of jobs were
also created.
TheTennessee Valley cut across 7 states.In winter
it flooded and in summer the area turned into a
Dust Bowl. There was much poverty and few
families had electricity. No one state could deal
with these problems.
10
WHAT WAS THE SECOND NEW DEAL?
BY 1935 ROOSEVELT FELT THAT THE NEW DEAL HAD TO
GO FURTHER. HE WAS FACING OPPOSITION FROM PEOPLE
WHO THOUGHT THAT THE NEW DEAL WAS NOT HELPING THE
POOR SUFFICIENTLY SO HE INTRODUCED MORE CHANGES
11
THE SECOND NEW DEAL
THE WAGNER ACT
Employers forced to accept Trades Unions to
negotiate with employers for better pay and
working conditions
SOCIAL SECURITY ACT
State pensions for the elderly and
widows.Unemployment insurance provided with
contributions from employer and employee
12
Works Progress Administration (set up to bring
together all other job creation schemes)
  • Built 70,000 km of roads.
  • Built 11,000 schools.
  • La Guardia airport in New York.
  • Employed photographers to make a record of the
    Depression.
  • Employed 12,000 Actors to put on plays and
    concerts to cheer people up!
  • Employed artists and painters to make paintings
    for display in schools and public buildings.
  • Gave work to 2 million people a year.

13
Recap Reversing the Spiral of Depression
Democrats called this Process Pump Priming
Cycle of Prosperity!
14
Exam Question 1
  • How useful is this source for explaining how the
    New Deal put America back to work?

15
Exam Question 2
  • How successful was the New deal at putting USA
    back to work? Use the source and your knowledge
    to explain your answer.
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