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Modern Art Movement

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... introduction to the major art movements of the Modern ... Art Nouveau 1880s ... Madonna The Scream Vampire. Kathe Kollwitz 1867-1945. Oskar Kokoschka 1886-1980 ... – PowerPoint PPT presentation

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Title: Modern Art Movement


1
Modern Art Movement
  • An introduction to the major art movements of the
    Modern era across Europe

2
1874 Impressionism
  • In April 1874 a group of artists, calling
    themselves Societe Anonyme des Artistes,
    Peintres, Sculpteurs, Graveurs -- roughly
    Artists, Painters, Sculptors, Engravers, Inc.
    -- opened an exhibition independent of the
    official Salon. Conspicuously absent was Edouard
    Manet, recognized leader of the avant-garde.
    Manet never participated in any of their eight
    exhibitions, but his bold style and modern
    subjects inspired these younger artists, who came
    to be known as impressionists. Artists include
  • Paul Gauguin Vincent van Gogh Paul Cezanne
    Edgar Degas Mary Cassatt Georges Seurat
    Toulouse Lautrec Edouard Manet Claude Monet
    Camille Pisarro

3
Mary Cassatt 1844-1926
  • La Toilette Woman Reading

4
Paul Cezanne 1839-1906
  • The Banks of the Marne The Smoker

5
Edgar Degas 1834-1917
  • After the Bath

    Danseuse

  • Dancer adjusting

  • her slipper

6
Paul Gauguin 1848-1903
  • Breton Peasant Women
    Day of the Gods

7
Vincent van Gogh 1853-1890
  • Café at Night Almond
    Branches in Bloom

8
Henri de Toulouse Lautrec 1864-1901
9
Edouard Manet 1823-1883
  • Berthe Morisot with a Bouquet of Violets

  • Olympia

10
Claude Monet 1840-1926
  • San Giorgio Maggiore by Twilight

  • Water Lilies

11
Camille Pisarro 1830-1903
  • Boulevard Montmartre In the Garden
  • Afternoon Sun

12
Georges Seurat 1859-1881
  • Sunday Afternoon on the The Eiffel Tower
  • island of Grande Jatte

13
Art Nouveau 1880s
  • A decorative art movement that emerged in
    the late nineteenth century decorative-art
    movement centered in Western Europe. It began in
    the 1880s as a reaction against the historical
    emphasis of mid-19th-century art, but did not
    survive World War I. Art nouveau originated in
    London and was variously called jugendstil in
    Germany, sezessionstil in Austria, and modernismo
    in Spain. In general it was most successfully
    practiced in the decorative arts furniture,
    jewelry, and book design and illustration. The
    style was richly ornamental and asymmetrical,
    characterized by a whiplash linearity reminiscent
    of twining plant tendrils. Its exponents chose
    themes fraught with symbolism, frequently of an
    erotic nature. They imbued their designs with
    dreamlike and exotic forms.
  • Artists include
  • Gustav Klimt Egon Schiele
    Antoni Gaudi

14
Gustav Klimt 1862-1918
  • The Kiss
    Blumengarten
  • Mother Child

15
Antoni Gaudi 1852-1926
  • Casa Mila (above), Tile work at Palau Guell,
    Barcelona (lower left), and La Segrade Familia,
    Barcelona (right)

16
Egon Schiele 1880-1919
  • Death and Girl Four Trees

17
The Arts and Crafts Movement
  • The Arts and Crafts Movement refers to the
    loosely-linked group of craftsmen, artists,
    designers and architects who aimed to raise the
    status of the applied arts to that of the fine
    arts.
  • Largely inspired by William Morris, other
    key artists in the movement included William de
    Morgan, Henry Holiday, Walter Crane, the
    architect and designer Philip Webb and
    Christopher Whall. Alexander Fisher was the
    leading Arts and Crafts enameller.

18
Selections from the Arts and Crafts Movement
19
Selections from the Arts and Crafts Movement
20
Selections from the Arts and Crafts Movement
21
Selections from the Arts and Crafts Movement
  • Blue Movement I

22
Selections from the Arts and Crafts Movement
23
Expressionism
  • Expressionism is the art of the emotive, the
    art of tension provoked by consciousness of the
    forces which surround modern humankind. The
    inevitability of world war, the rise of
    industrialization, the new power of capitalism -
    all these things weighed on men's minds at the
    beginning of the century, especially in Germany.
  • Early twentieth century northern European
    art, especially in Germany c. 1905-25. Artists
    such as Rouault, Kokoschka, and Schiele painted
    in this manner.

24
Otto Dix 1891-1969
  • Evangelium Die
    Kindermorde
  • Gehet ihn

25
Otto Dix
  • Krankenheilung Menschenfisher

26
Edvard Munch 1863-1944
  • Madonna The Scream Vampire

27
Kathe Kollwitz 1867-1945
28
Oskar Kokoschka 1886-1980
  • Loreley Dr.
    Faninna W. Halle

29
Wassily Kandinsky 1886-1944
  • Farbstudie Structure Mit und Gegen
  • Quardrate Joyeuse

30
Cubism
  • Highly influential visual arts style of the
    20th century that was created principally by the
    painters Pablo Picasso and Georges Braque in
    Paris between 1907 and 1914.
  • The Cubist style emphasized the flat,
    two-dimensional surface of the picture plane,
    rejecting the traditional techniques of
    perspective, foreshortening, modeling, and
    chiaroscuro and refuting time-honored theories of
    art as the imitation of nature.

31
Pablo Picasso 1881-1973
  • Blue Nude Girl Before a Mirror

32
Pablo Picasso
  • Rest The Old
    Guitarist

33
Georges Braque 1882-1963
  • Studio VIII Table

34
George Braque
  • Deux Oiseaux

35
Juan Gris 1887-1927
  • Breakfast Guitar Facing the
    Sea

36
Futurism
  • Early 20th-century artistic movement that
    centered in Italy and emphasized the dynamism,
    speed, energy, and power of the machine and the
    vitality, change, and restlessness of modern life
    in general.
  • The most significant results of the movement
    were in the visual arts poetry.

37
Filippo Tommaso Marinetti 1876-1944
  • Free Word Irridentismo
    Tribute to Guidi
  • Composition

38
Umberto Boccioni 1882-1916
  • Dynamism of the The Street Enters
  • Body the House
    Unique Forms of

  • Continuity in Space

39
Fortuno Deparo 1892-1960
  • Magicians House Motorcycle

40
Vorticism
  • The British artistic movement called
    Vorticism, a mixture of Futurism and Cubism,
    lasted from 1912 to 1915, and was founded by
    British painter Wyndham Lewis in 1914. It was an
    arrogant movement, with Lewis considering its
    few members to be of Anglo-Saxon genius, which
    was a somewhat Fascist attitude.
  • The few artists included in the movement
    were, as with the Futurists, concerned with the
    machine, but rather than worship it in the
    Futurist fashion, they recognized that it was
    something to be wary of.
  • The best-known Vorticists were Lewis, the
    sculptor Jacob Epstein, Edward Wadsworth, and the
    poet Ezra Pound.

41
David Bomberg 1890-1957
  • Bathing Scene Vision of Ezekiel

42
Wyndham Lewis 1882-1957
  • Composition The Crowd

43
Wyndham Lewis
  • Workshop Two Mechanics

44
Edward Wadsworth 1889-1949
  • Abstract
  • Composition
    The Port
  • Landscape
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