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The Black Death: Bubonic Plague

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The Black Death: Bubonic Plague The Black Plague started out in China in the 1330 s. Originally it only affected rodents, however it quickly spread to humans. – PowerPoint PPT presentation

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Title: The Black Death: Bubonic Plague


1
The Black Death Bubonic Plague
The Black Plague started out in China in the
1330s. Originally it only affected rodents,
however it quickly spread to humans. Caused
painful swelling of the Buboes and caused spots
on the skin that turned black.
2
The Black Death
  • Three Forms The Bubonic, Pneumonic, and
    Septicemic. Each killed people in different
    ways.
  • Bubonic Plague Mortality Rate 30-75.
    Symptoms Enlarged or inflamed lymph nodes (Arm
    Pit, Neck and Groin).

3
The Pneumonic Plague was the second most commonly
seen form of the Black Death. Mortality Rate
90-95 (Today if Treated 5-10) It infected the
lungs, and the symptoms included slimy snot
tinted with blood! Many times victims choked on
their own Blood (ew).
4
Septicemic Plague
  • Most Rare form of all!
  • Mortality rate was close to 100(Even today there
    is no treatment)
  • Symptoms High Fever and
  • skin turning deep
  • shades of purple!
  • Victims usually died
  • the same day the
  • symptoms appeared.

5
In October of 1347, several Italian merchant
ships returned from the Black Sea. Docked in
Sicily, many sailors were already dying
of the plague. Within days the
disease spread to the city. That was the
beginning of the end!
6
An account of the devestation (no need to
copy) Realizing what a deadly disaster had come
to them, the people quickly drove the Italians
from their city. But the disease remained, and
soon death was everywhere. Fathers abandoned
their sick sons. Lawyers refused to come and
make out wills for the dying. Friars and nuns
were left to care for the sick, monastaries and
converts were soon deserted, as they were
stricken, too. Bodies were left in empty houses,
and there was no one to give them a Christian
burial.
7
How Did It Affect So Many People?
8
The Italian writer Boccaccio said its victims
often Ate lunch with their friends and dinner
with their ancestors in paradise. In winter the
disease seemed to disappear, but only because
fleas are dormant then. After Five years 25
million people were dead- One Third of Europes
people!
9
Early Theories
Some blamed invisible particles in the air. Some
blamed poisoned wells. Many inevitably and
unfairly blamed the Jews.
10
Will It Ever End?
  • Bands of hooded men, wearing white robes marked
    front and back with a red cross, moved to and fro
    across Europe. They were attempting to atone for
    the ravages of the Black Death by whipping
    themselves in ritual public ceremonies.
  • They are known as the Flagellant Brahren!

11
The Flagellant Brahren
50 to 500 men in a group singing hymns and
sobbing, the men beat themselves with scourges
studded with iron spikes. Blood gushes from
their many wounds, and the spikes embed
themselves in the torn flesh. The ritual was
performed in public twice a day!
12
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13
So Who was the Culprit?
  • Not her, That would
  • have been Syphilis!

14
Maybe?
  • No, not her. That would have
  • been Gonorhea!

15
The Oriental Rat Flea
  • Fleas Mouth has two functions
  • one for squirting saliva or partly digested blood
    into the bite, and one for sucking up blood
  • from the host.
  • This poses a problem!

16
How Is it Transmitted?

17
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20
Could it get worse?
  • Prepare yourself!!

21
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