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Lord of the Flies


Lord of the Flies Background Information You may want to consider taking some notes Now would be a good time to start that note-taking thing – PowerPoint PPT presentation

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Title: Lord of the Flies

(No Transcript)
Lord of the Flies Background Information
You may want to consider taking some notes
Now would be a good time to start that
note-taking thing
Just a suggestion. What do I know? Im just the
William Golding
  • Born in Cornwall, England in 1911
  • He studied English and physics at Oxford
  • He faced the atrocities of war
  • Living through the First World war
  • Joined the British Navy in 1940 (WWII)

William Golding
Lord of the Flies was published in 1954 Booker
McConnel Prize (British Literature) Nobel Prize
(1983) Died in Wiltshire, England 1993
  • The most obvious of the themes is man has a great
    need for the construct of civilization. Contrary
    to the belief that man is innocent and society
    evil, the story shows that laws and rules,
    policemen and schools are necessary to keep the
    darker side of human nature in line. When these
    institutions and concepts slip away or are
    ignored, human beings revert to a more primitive
    part of their nature.

  • Evil (the beast) is within man himself.
  • Golding implies that the loss of innocence has
    little to do with age but is related to a
    person's understanding of human nature. It can
    happen at any age or not at all. Painful though
    it may be, this loss of innocence by coming to
    terms with reality is necessary if humanity is to

  • Fear of the unknown on the island revolves around
    the boys' terror of the beast. The recognition
    that no real beast exists, that there is only the
    power of fear, is one of the deepest meanings of
    the story.

Is the novel realistic?
  • Golding establishes a sense of reality by his
    descriptions of the boys and by the language of
    their conversations with each other.
  • The boys have ordinary physical attributes and
    mannerisms of young boys. The group includes a
    variety of physical types short, tall, dark,
    light, freckled, tow-headed, etc.

Is the novel realistic?
  • To stress the universality of their later
    actions, Golding takes great pains to present the
    boys as normal. The littluns suck their
    thumbs, eat sloppily, etc., while the older ones
    rolling about the sand, stand on their heads, and

Is the novel realistic?
  • Even their unkindness to Piggy is credible for
    children often display a natural cruelty to
    anyone they consider different or inferior.
  • Nor does their metamorphosis from ordinary
    schoolboys into bloodthirsty savages seem
    unlikely, for Golding has taken the descent one
    step at a time.

Characters as Symbols
  • Simon - mystic, Religious side of man.
    Understands good and evil but no communication.
  • Samneric - incapable of acting independently.
    They represent loss of identity through fear of
    the beast.
  • Ralph - common sense, and responsibility
  • Jack - immediate gratification and irresponsible
  • Piggy - ineffective intellectualism
  • Dead parachutist - the sign, evil developing on
    the island

Characters as Symbols
  • Each of the characters represents a part of man
  • Good
  • Evil
  • Spiritual
  • Intellectual
  • Adventurous

Objects as Symbols
  • Conch shell - law and order. The shell looses
    authority as anarchy grows. The conch fades in
    color and power. Its power is broken with the
    fall of piggy.
  • Lord of the Flies -Refers to the head of the pig
    which Jack has left as an offering to the
    beast. Literal translation of the Beelzebub,
    prince of demons. Symbolizes mans capacity for

Objects as Symbols
  • Huts - represent the desire to preserve
    civilization when Jack gains power they move
    into caves like the animals they have become.
  • Fire - its use divides civilization from
    savagery. Ralph uses it for hope Jack for
    cooking. It is Jacks group that allows the fire
    (hope) to go out

Objects as symbols
  • Piggys glasses - They signify mans ability to
    perceive, to think. That thought can be misused
    for destructive purpose is shown when Piggys
    glasses are used to smoke Ralph out.
  • Night and Darkness -
  • an archetypal symbol of evil, the powers of
    darkness. The boys would have recognized the
    chutist in the daylight, as would they have
    Simon. The beast is more real at night

Objects as Symbols
  • Face paint - The paint helps the boys hide from
    their own consciences, turning them into
    anonymous savages who are freed from the
    restraints of civilized behavior.
  • Stick sharpened on both ends - Represents how
    much evil has taken the boys over. First it was
    used to offer the beast the pig sacrifice next
    to offer it Ralphs.

  • Jack, chief representative of evil in the
    novel, is too inhibited by societys teachings to
    teachings to slay the piglet the first day, he
    later progresses to exhilaration in his first

  • Eventually he comes to kill for the sheer thrill
    of slaughter rather than the need for meat, and
    this becomes the motive for hunting.

  • Ralph is a tall, blond twelve year old,
    establishes himself as the leader of the boys
    when he blows the conch shell to call the first
    assembly. Throughout the story, he struggles to
    maintain order and is forced to compete with Jack
    for respect.

  • A dynamic character is one who undergoes a change
    during the story because he learns a truth or
    comes to a realization about himself.
  • Ralph is such a character.

Original Character
  • 1. Enjoys the absence of adults on the island
  • 2. Popular
  • 3. Indifferent to Piggy
  • 4. Enjoys the island
  • 5. Likes Jack
  • 6. Trusts others
  • 7. Refuses to accept the beast.

What changes him
  • 1. Decay of order
  • 2. Insistence on rules
  • 3. Need for intelligence
  • 4. Brutal behavior revealed
  • 5. Savagery in Jack
  • 6. Betrayed by all
  • 7. Savagery in himself and other

Character changed
  • 1. Wishes adults were present on the island
  • 2. An outcast
  • 3. Appreciates and misses Piggy
  • 4. Hates the island
  • 5. Fears Jack
  • 6. Trusts no one
  • 7. Knows the beast is within
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