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Child Abuse and Neglect Overview for Child Care Providers

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Overview for Child Care Providers Child Abuse & Neglect National Statistics Over 3 million reports of child abuse and neglect are reported each year Neglect 60% ... – PowerPoint PPT presentation

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Title: Child Abuse and Neglect Overview for Child Care Providers


1
Child Abuse and NeglectOverview for Child Care
Providers
2
Child Abuse NeglectNational Statistics
  • Over 3 million reports of child
  • abuse and neglect are reported each year
  • Neglect 60
  • Physical 20
  • Sexual 10
  • Emotional 7

3
Child Abuse NeglectNational Statistics
  • Incidence three times greater than reported
  • Abusive head trauma leading cause of infant
    deaths
  • 25 of shaken baby syndrome children die
    majority have brain damage
  • Every 10 seconds a child is abused

4
Who is Considered a Mandatory Reporter?
  • For example
  • Health care providers (nurses, dentists,
    physicians)
  • School personnel (teachers, principals,
    secretaries other staff)
  • Police officers, fire fighters
  • WORKERS IN A FAMILY CARE HOME OR CHILD CARE CENTER

5
Childrens Code
C.R.S. 19-3-309
  • Any person,
  • other than the perpetrator,
  • who makes a report
  • shall be immune from any liability,
  • civil or criminal, or termination of
  • employment that might result from
  • such reporting


6
Reporting
  • You should report
  • ANY
  • reasonable suspicion of abuse


7
Why Abuse is Not Reported
  • Little or no training
  • Afraid of reprisals or being sued
  • Bureaucratic tape
  • Personal feeling for child/family
  • Very stressful


8
The Child Care Provider
  • Usually, the only
  • other person
  • outside immediate
  • family members
  • who sees a child
  • on an on-going basis

9
Reasonable Suspicion
  • The most important thing
  • to remember is that
  • you should report any
  • reasonable suspicion of abuse
  • YOU DO NOT NEED TO
  • PROVE IT!

10
Risk Factors
  • Lack of parenting skills
  • Overuse of physical punishment
  • Poor coping skills
  • Marital difficulties

11
Risk Factors
  • Lack of knowledge of normal growth and
    development
  • Criminal behavior
  • Immaturity

12
Children with Special Needs
  • In addition to the fact that
  • children with disabilities
  • are at increased risk of abuse,
  • is the reality that child abuse
  • can cause disabilities.

13
Children with Special Needs
  • Exact number of disabilities caused by abuse is
    unknown.
  • Estimated to represent at least 25 of all
    developmental disabilities!


14
Child Abuse Prevention Techniques for Children
with Special Needs
  • Teach children personal safety skills
  • Know all care providers and observe interactions,
    since the child is so dependent on the caregiver.

15
Child Abuse Prevention Techniques for Children
with Special Needs
  • Participate in prevention training programs.
  • Develop relationships with local community
    agencies and schools that serve children with
    disabilities.

16
Physical Abuse
  • Any physical injury to a child that is not
    accidental

17
Types of Physical Injuries
  • Bruises
  • Human bite marks
  • Burns
  • Fractures
  • Head/brain injuries
  • Poisoning


18
Shaken Baby Syndrome
  • Brain damage that may result in the following
  • Spinal injury/paralysis
  • Blindness
  • Deafness
  • Seizures
  • Retardation
  • Impaired motor/sensory skills
  • Death

19
Shaken Baby SyndromeSigns and Symptoms
  • Swelling of soft spot
  • Larger head than normal
  • Bleeding in the eyes
  • Unable to lift/turn head
  • Irritability

20
Shaken Baby SyndromeSigns and symptoms
  • Excessive drowsiness
  • Difficulty breathing
  • Seizures
  • Projectile vomiting
  • Unresponsiveness

21
Harmless Activities?
  • Tossing child in air repeatedly
  • Jogging with infant on back/shoulders
  • Riding a horse
  • Cracking the whip

22
Shaken Baby Syndrome Prevention
  • Never ever, ever shake a baby!!
  • ALWAYS support the babys head
  • Learn strategies to deal with crying
  • If shaken, take to ER immediately

23
Cultural Practices
  • Vietnamese folk practice
  • Coining - Cao Gio
  • Mexican-American practice
  • Burns - cupping
  • Head Injuries - fallen fontanelle

  • OH

24
Natural Marks
  • Mongolian Spots
  • Salmon Patches
  • Strawberry Marks

25
Emotional Abuse
  • Pattern of behavior
  • that interferes with the
  • positive emotional
  • development
  • and sense of self-worth

26
Emotional Abuse
  • Rejection
  • Verbal assault
  • Withholding love
  • Terrorizing the child

27
Emotional Abuse
  • Not providing basic nurturing
  • Refusing help for childs mental health needs
  • Failure to provide physical/mental stimulation to
    grow
  • Exposure to domestic violence

28
Sexual Abuse and Unlawful Sexual Behavior
  • Touching offenses, such as
  • Fondling
  • Intercourse, rape, sodomy
  • Child forced to touch perpetrator in sexual
    manner

29
Sexual Abuse and Unlawful Sexual Behavior
  • Non-touching offenses, such as
  • Indecent exposure or exhibitionism
  • Exposing children to pornographic material
  • Masturbating in front of a child

30
Symptoms of Sexual Abuse
  • Symptoms can be physical, behavioral, or
    emotional, such as
  • Poor peer relationships
  • Pregnancy or sexually transmitted disease
  • Sexual acting out or sexual knowledge beyond that
    appropriate for age

31
Child Neglect
  • Failure to provide basic necessities
  • food
  • clothing
  • shelter
  • medical care

32
Types of Neglect
  • Safety or Supervisional Neglect
  • inadequate supervision, abandonment, failure to
    safely store weapons or toxic materials
  • Educational Neglect
  • failure to enroll a child in school or attend to
    the childs educational needs
  • Medical Neglect
  • withholding important medical care necessary to
    the childs well being and health

33
What to do!!
  • Believe
  • Listen
  • Reassure
  • Rephrase
  • Inform
  • Report

34
What NOT to do!!
  • Promise confidentiality
  • Panic or act shocked
  • Ask leading questions
  • Make negative comments about perpetrator
  • Suggest the abuse did not happen or the child is
    mistaken

35
Child Protection
  • Contact your supervisor
  • Follow center policies and procedures

36
Child Protection
  • Reporting
  • Investigation
  • Child Protection Team
  • Court Process
  • Central Registry

37
ReportingChild Abuse/Neglect in Your County
  • Know your local department of human services
    child protection hotline
  • You can find this information on-line
  • www.cdhs.state.co.us/cyf/child_welfare/county_phon
    e_numbers.htm
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