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WRIGHT BROTHERS

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Title: WRIGHT BROTHERS


1
WRIGHT BROTHERS
"Not within a thousand years would men ever
fly!" -Wilbur Wright, 1902
  • By
  • Jack Burton

2
10th Grade American History
  • Students should be aware of local connections in
    regard to famous historical achievements with
    emphasis on the Wright Brothers and their place
    in local, national and international history.

3
OBJECTIVES
  • To expose students to the importance of this
    region within a scenario that will hold their
    attention and serve as a possible source of
    pride, and perhaps a motivating factor in their
    lives
  • To introduce the Wright Brothers, their local
    ties, and their prominence in history along with
    other early pioneers of flight.
  • To expose the students to some of the aircraft
    that are prominent in historical events, and in
    doing so, perhaps spur some interest in those
    events.

4
The Early Days of Flight
  • The Pioneers
  • Lilienthal
  • Santos-Dumont
  • Phillips

5
Otto Lilienthal Worlds First True Aviator
  • One of the key figures in the history of flight.
  • His results and methods were an inspiration to
    many other pioneers, particularly the Wright
    Brothers.
  • The first to realize that the only way to gain
    essential experience in design and control was to
    first learn how to glide, and used to launch
    himself from an artificial hill near Berlin or
    from the Rhinower Hills.

6
Alberto Santos-Dumont
  • Wealthy young Brazilian used Paris as a stage for
    his aeronautical exploits with airships and
    planes.
  • 1906 Flight
  • He was internationally acclaimed as the first man
    to have achieved powered flight.
  • However as the earlier efforts of the Wright
    Brothers became generally accepted his exploits
    were recognized as having been only the first
    powered flight in Europe.

7
Horatio Phillips
  • Wind Tunnel
  • Flying Venetian Blinds
  • The first model flyer of 1893 had 40 narrow
    wings, and just lifted when driven round a
    circular track at 40mph by a steam engine .

8
The multiplane model of 1902 had 120 wings and
was driven by a powerful petrol engine. It was
capable of lifting 385 lbs in tethered flight.
9
The 1904 man-carrier had 20 wings and managed a
short hop of about 50ft.
10
The second man-carrier of 1907 had four rows,
each with 50 wings, and an 8ft propeller.
Phillips made an uncontrolled, powered hop of
500ft- the first in England.
11
Octave Chanute
  •  Octave Chanute was an American civil engineer.
  • Chanute corresponded with many of the important
    figures in aviation, including Otto Lilienthal in
    Germany and the Wright brothers in the United
    States. In 1896, he began experimenting with
    gliders in a camp on the shores of Lake Michigan
    near Chicago. He built, along with Augustus
    Herring, a glider that was the most advanced of
    its time and made about 2,000 gliding flights
    without an accident. The data he collected would
    prove useful to the Wright brothers when they
    were developing their early glider designs.
  • Chanute freely shared his knowledge about
    aviation with anyone who was interested and
    expected others to do the same. This led to some
    friction with the Wright brothers, who wanted to
    protect their invention through patents.
  • He died on November 2, 1910.

12
Wright Brothers
  • Brief Background
  • Dayton Connection
  • Huffman Prairie
  • Bike Shop
  • Scientific Methods
  • Wind Tunnel
  • Roll, Pitch, and Yaw
  • Wing warping, Elevator, Rudder

13
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14
Wind Tunnel Test
  • A wind tunnel is a device used to determine the
    aerodynamic forces (lift and drag) on an object
    (such as a wing).
  • Wind tunnel testing was a key ingredient in the
    Wright's successful development of the 1903
    Flyer.

15
Huffman Prairie
16
Wrights-continued
  • 1903
  • Kittyhawk
  • First flight
  • 1904 and beyond

In this crash in 1908 Orville was seriously
injured and Lt. Thomas Selfridge was killed. He
was the first passenger killed in an airplane.
17
Wilbur and Orville Wright made the first manned,
heavier than air, powered flight on December 17,
1903.
18
(No Transcript)
19
web sites
  • http//firstflight.open.ac.uk/
  • First Flight
  • http//www.wam.umd.edu/stwright/WrBr/taleplane.ht
    ml
  • Wright Brothers History
  • http//www.centennialofflight.gov/1903.htm
  • Centennial of Flight
  • http//www.first-to-fly.com/History/hstrywng.htm
  • First to Fly
  • http//www.stemnet.nf.ca/CITE/wright.htm
  • Gander Academy

20
activity 1
  • 1. go to any of the web sites listed and select
    one individual (other than a Wright) related to
    early flight. Be prepared to give a short talk (5
    minutes) on the individual.
  • Materials needed computer access, paper, pencils
    or pen

21
activity 2
  • 2. On a poster board, draw a picture, create a
    montage, or a picture story of something related
    to early aviation.
  • Materials needed poster board, colored pencils,
    scissors, pens, photographs.

22
activity 3
  • 3. In the groups of three or four, create a skit
    based on the Wright brothers life. the skit
    should last from 5-10 minutes.
  • Materials needed Whatever you can do to make the
    skit appear authentic.

23
activity 4
  • 4. Prepare a list of 5 questions from the
    lecture, web, or text. The questions will be used
    in a game of Who Wants an A
  • Materials needed Text, lecture notes, web
    access, common sense.

24
activity 5
  • 5. Build a model. You may use whatever materials
    you wish to make an early flight model. Several
    types of instructions are located on the web
    sights.
  • Materials needed Wood, paper, glue, or whatever
    your model calls for.
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