Title: Wonders of the World The Seven Wonders of the Ancient Worl
1 Wonders of the World 2 The Seven Wonders of the Ancient World
The Pyramids at Giza (c. 2560 BCE)
The Hanging Gardens of Babylon (c. 600 BCE)
The Temple of Artemis at Ephesus (c. 550 BCE)
The Statue of Zeus at Olympia (c. 450 BCE)
The Mausoleum at Halicarnassus (c. 350 BCE)
The Colossus of Rhodes (c. 282 BCE)
The Lighthouse of Alexandria (c. 270 BCE)
3 Before Common Era
The expression B.C.E. is now generally used instead of B.C. and A.D.
The term B.C. stood for before Christ.
The term A.D. stood for anno Domini.
Since these terms make references to a religion with which others might be unfamiliar more generic terms were created B.C.E. and C.E.
These stand for Before Common Era and Common Era.
4 The Great Pyramid at Giza The Pyramids at Giza are the only of the Seven Wonders of the Ancient World that still exist. You can travel to Egypt to visit them! Actually the only pyramid to be included in the list of wonders was the Great Pyramid known as the Pyramid of Cheops or the Pyramid of Khufu. 5 Hanging Gardens of Babylon
The Hanging Gardens of Babylon might have never existed. All of the historians who wrote about the gardens had never actually seen them so their writings were pure speculation.
The gardens were supposedly built by Nebuchadnezzar II for his wife who missed the natural beauty of her homeland.
The Hanging Gardens employed a water pump system to water the terraced gardens off the Euphrates River.
6 Temple of Artemis at Ephesus
Artemis was the Greek goddess of the wilderness the hunt and fertility.
The temple erected at Ephesus was what we would now consider a museum housing fine sculptures and artwork.
The Temple of Artemis was burnt down on July 21 356 BCE the same day Alexander the Great was born.
Ruins of the temple can still be seen in Ephesus.
7 The Statue of Zeus at Olympia
Wanting to honor their god Zeus the Greeks devised the Olympic Games to bring the area together in celebration.
The Greeks also wanted to build a monument in honor of Zeus at Olympia where the Olympics were held but they believed that a temple was not enough.
The sculptor Pheidias was selected to create a statue to the chief Greek god.
The statue was so large that it almost touched the ceiling of the temple. It stood 4 stories high at 13 meters.
Zeus robe and sandals were made of gold and the remainder of the statue was made of other kinds of metals ebony and ivory and inlaid with precious gems.
8 The Mausoleum at Halnicarnassus
Built as a tomb for King Maussollos this monument is where we get the word mausoleum.
The Mausoleum stood for sixteen centuries until it was damaged by an earthquake and deconstructed by British knights during the Crusades to build a castle.
The castle still stands and the polished marble stones with the elaborate Greek frieze patterns can be found amongst the other stones used to build the castle.
9 Colossus at Rhodes
The Colossus was erected to honor the Sun-god Helios. It was probably about 33m high.
The Colossus at Rhodes was the shortest-lived of the Seven Wonders of the Ancient World. It stood at the entrance of a harbor on the island of Rhodes for only 56 years before toppling over due to an earthquake.
The statue was not rebuilt after an oracle advised against it.
About a thousand years later Arabian invaders sold the broken portions of the statue to a private collector and transported the pieces out of Greece on the backs of 900 camels.
10 The Lighthouse at Alexandria
Standing 117m high the Lighthouse at Alexandria was not only an elegant monument to Alexander the Great but also the worlds first lighthouse.
Utilizing flames and mirrors the lighthouse provided guidance to ships up to 35km away to the harbor off the island of Pharos.
Toppled by earthquakes the lighthouse has remained hidden from nautical archeologists until recently when some artifacts believed to be from the lighthouse were discovered in the Mediterranean Sea.
11 How Well Do You Know Your Wonders
Take the Ancient Wonders Quiz to identify how well you know the Wonders of the Ancient World.
After learning about them what trends do you notice Are they all geographically related Historically related
Are there any wonders that you think are missing
12 The Ancient Wonders
The Seven Wonders of the Ancient World were named by various Greek historians. The list we see today is a compilation of their lists with the seven most-chosen.
The list was generated around 200 BCE before many of the monuments we consider wonders were even built.
The list is very ethno-centricthat is since it was generated by Greek historians much of the focus is on Greek culture.
13 Forgotten Wonders
Some of the forgotten wonders that have been included on modern lists
Taj Mahal in India
Borobudur Temple in Indonesia
The Colosseum in Italy
The Great Wall of China
The Easter Island Statues
The Leaning Tower of Pisa
Machu Pichu in Peru
Stonehenge in Wales
14 Natural Wonders
Some people have generated lists of Natural Wonders of the World which include
Mount Fuji in Japan
Niagara Falls in US and Canada
Mount Everest in Nepal
Many other Natural Wonders exist throughout the world.
15 What Would You Change
Can you think of things from more modern times that would belong on a list like the Seven Wonders of the Ancient World
If you had to generate your own list how would you choose seven items
What criteria do you think something has to meet to be considered a wonder
16 The Requirements to Wonder
What kinds of things did you come up with that make something a Wonder of the World
Do they have to do with the wonders appearance Its significance Does the wonder have to be manmade
Create two lists the criteria that the Greeks used to decide the Wonders of the World and the criteria that you used to decide your Wonders of the World. Are they similar
17 Comparing and Contrasting
Using your lists of criteria and your new list of wonders compare and contrast the two lists of wondersancient and yours.
How are they similar How are they different Why do you think this is
Now write an essay comparing and contrasting the Seven Wonders of the Ancient World and your Wonders of the World.
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