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Health and Illness

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Health and Illness Chapter 4 Definitions Health: defined by each person WHO: Health is a state of complete physical, mental, and social well being, not merely the ... – PowerPoint PPT presentation

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Title: Health and Illness


1
Health and Illness
  • Chapter 4

2
Definitions
  • Health defined by each person
  • WHO Health is a state of complete physical,
    mental, and social well being, not merely the
    absence of disease or infirmity.
  • Disease pathological change in structure /or
    function
  • Illness response of person to disease

3
MODELS OF HEALTH ILLNESS
  • Agent-Host-Environment
  • Health/Illness Continuum
  • High-Level Wellness Model
  • Health Belief Model
  • Health Promotion Model

4
FACTORS AFFECTING Health and Illness
  • Physical Dimension
  • Emotional Dimension
  • Intellectual Dimension
  • Environmental Dimension
  • Sociocultural Dimension
  • Spiritual Dimension

5
MORE.
  • Basic Human Needs
  • Self-Concept incorporates how the person feels
    about self AND the way he/she perceives his/her
    physical self (self-esteem and body image)
  • Has both physical emotional aspects

6
Promoting HealthPreventing Illness
  • Risk Factors
  • Age
  • Genetics
  • Physiologic
  • Health habits
  • Lifestyle
  • Environment

7
Acute Illness
  • Generally rapid onset of symptoms
  • Last only relatively short time
  • Illness Behaviors
  • Stage 1 Experiencing symptoms
  • Stage 2 Assuming sick role
  • Stage 3 Assuming dependent role
  • Stage 4 achieving recovery rehab

8
Chronic Illness
  • Physical and mental alterations in health WITH
    one or more of the following
  • Permanent change
  • Causes or is caused by, irreversible alterations
    in normal anatomy and physiology
  • Requires special ed for rehab
  • Requires long period of care or support

9
Levels of Preventative Care
  • Primary preventative care
  • Secondary preventive care
  • Tertiary preventative care
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