Can one be completely independent autonomous and self-sufficient
No we are all interdependent
Foreign Policy States conduct to promote goals of Security Stability and Prosperity
Generally constructed by elites out of the public eye.
What is the (dis)advantage of this
Do not have the benefit of public feedback but often dont want to tip our hat to others
3 Realism v. Idealism
Idealist school of thought says we can use our power to do good in the world
Promotion of Democracy Abroad
will further both our values and interests
have both the means and obligations to help others who are in need
Respond to Grievances against us
Weve created a lot of our own enemies
4 Excerpts from Carters Nobel Peace Prize speech
War may sometimes be a necessary evil but no matter how necessary it is always an evil never a good. We will not learn to live together in peace by killing each others children
Global challenges must be met by an emphasis on peace in harmony with others with strong alliances and international consensus
5 Realism v. Idealism
Realist school says we must use our power to benefit ourselves in an anarchic world
Global Primacy Economic and Military
Must not be sidetracked by issues of democracy and human rights
Act on behalf of U.S. companies abroad
Garrison the World
6 U.S. Foreign PolicyPhase I 1800s
Manifest Destiny to spread over North America while isolationist abroad
1823 Monroe Doctrine U.S. will stay out of Europe and Europe stays out of the Americas
1846 Pres. Polk and Gen Taylor precipitated Mexican-American War and gained TX CA NV UT and parts of CO AZ NM WY
7 U.S. Foreign PolicyPhase II early 1900s
U.S. becomes a global power
1898 Spanish-American War gives us the Philippines Guam Puerto Rico and Cuba
1904 Roosevelt Corollary to Monroe Doctrine
We have the right to interfere in Latin America
World War I and II
8 U.S. Foreign PolicyPhase III the Cold War
1946 Truman Doctrine Containment of Communism
The Marshall Plan
9 Costs of the Cold War
Misguided war in Vietnam
Backing repressive anti-communist regimes
Overthrew Democracies that appeared to threaten our political or economic interests
Damage to Democracy at home increased secrecy and stifling of debate
But we did defeat Communism
10 U.S. Foreign PolicyPhase IV 21st Century
Following the collapse of the USSR
We become the global superpower or hegemon
Terrorism becomes the main concern
Two wars in Iraq
War in Afghanistan
11 The War on Terrorism
It is not a war between states.
The transnational nature of the adversary makes the scope of the war less than clear.
Because the September 11 attacks were on American soil and a domestic catastrophe waging the war involves a major new domestic security component.
12 Bush Doctrine Manifest Destiny Redux
Abandoned doctrine of containment
In favor of a doctrine of pre-emptive strikes to combat the chaos of terrorism
Can use our superior military power to change rather than manage the world
Can remove all who do not follow the model of Democracy or U.S.-type capitalist globalization
If necessary will act unilaterally without concern for rules or norms of legitimacy
13 Bush Doctrine
U.S. has no competitors and doesnt need friends or international law
Can Violate or scrap key treaties
anti-ballistic missile war-crimes land mines environmental etc.
Our military is 36x as large as any likely opponent
Its larger than the next 14 states combined
Realism or Idealism
14 Proliferation Model
Would the U.S. use its military might against nuclear powers
Nuclear weapons still confer prestige and security
Which paradoxically makes us all less secure
India and Pakistan have developed nukes to gain respect from each other
North Korea has developed nukes out of fear of the U.S. after being included in Bushs axis of evil along with Iraq and Iran
Iran is now pursuing a nuclear program
15 More Carter excerpts
To suggest that war can prevent war is a base play on words and a despicable form of warmongering. The objective of any who sincerely believe in peace clearly must be to exhaust every honorable recourse in the effort to save the peace.
For powerful countries to adopt a principle of preventive war may well set an example that can have catastrophic consequences.
16 Foreign Aid
The EU asks its member countries to contribute .7 of GNP to aid poorer countries
For the US that would be 130 billion
How much do we give
Denmark gives 1.01 Norway 0.91 the Netherlands 0.79 Sweden 0.7
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