Title: Md. Shamsul Arefin, New Public Management , Bangladesh
1 NEW PUBLIC MANAGEMENT Implication for the provision of Public goods and Services By Md. Shamsul Arefin Joint Secretary Ministry of Public Administration Government of the peoples Republic of Bangladesh The lecture note is prepared for the 134 Foundation Course organized by NAEM Dhaka 21-05-2012 2 Outline
What is New Public Management
Key elements of NPM
Features of NPM
Arguments dynamics and lessons
Implication for the provision of Public goods and Services
3 What is NPM NPM denotes broadly the government policies since the 1980s that aimed to modernise and render more effective the public sector. The basic hypothesis holds that market oriented management of the public sector will lead to greater cost-efficiency for governments without having negative side-effects on other objectives and considerations. 4 Key elements of NPM
Separation of policy and operations
Contract privatization market-orientation
5 Features of NPM
Redefine clients as customers
Prevent problems before they emerge
Earning money not simply spending it
Preference for market mechanisms
Energising all sectors public private and voluntary to solve their communitys problems.
6 Situation after the NPM reforms
Strengthening the local level
Strengthen Coordination in and between sectors
Pro-active leadership roles
Pragmatic cooperation among public organizations
Good Governance starts
Changing models of Public Administration
Classical (Weberian) model hierarchy professionalism and political accountability
New public management
Good governance democratic and efficient public administration
New Public Management measures and effects
With regard to personnel
Structural Measures and effect
Reduction (lean state privatisation budget reduction reduction of the level of social rights etc.)
Forms of private and third sector participation in public affairs (PPP outsourcing concessions etc.)
Loosening structural tights (fragmenting state agentification decentralisation greater autonomy of public sector organisations etc.)
Measures and effects with regard to personnel
More machanical measures (reducing the number pays reduction flexibilisation private sector managers engagement greater autonomy of public managers with regard to remuneration pay and career system etc.)
Human potentials development (education in-service training organisational culture building ethics orientation towards results and the needs of citizens)
Functional measure and effect
Marketization of the state public market
Services of general economic interest (liberalisation and privatisation)
Budgetary solutions internal and external audit etc.
Growing of capitalism
Crisis of social state poverty and lower level of social services unemployment rate is increasing
Other (crime social conflicts disregarding legal regulations)
13 Implication for the provision of Public goods and Services NPM compared to other public management theories is oriented towards outcomes and efficiency through better management of public budget. For which it Can deliver more quality public goods. It is considered to be achieved by applying competition as it is known in the private sector to organizations in the public sector emphasizing economic and leadership principles. New public management addresses beneficiaries of public services much like customers and conversely citizens as shareholders. 14 Conclusion The Economist Ha-Joon Chang in his book Bad Samaritans claims that increased NPM-inspired reforms have often increased rather than reduced corruption as a result of more contacts of state-sector functionaries with the private sector creating new opportunities for bribes. Robert Nield a retired Cambridge economics professor and a member of the 1968 Fulton civil service reform committee has stated in reference to civil sector reforms implemented by British PM Margaret Thatcher a pioneer and strong proponent of NPM I cannot think of another instance where a modern democracy has systematically undone the system. Through a continuous thirst for betterment in the public service the NPM has given a way to reach a stage of getting quality public goods and services. 15
It includes various forms of decentralizing management within public services (e.g. the creation of autonomous agencies
Devolution of budgets and financial control) increasing use of markets and competition in the provision of public services (e.g. contracting out and other market-type mechanisms)
Increasing emphasis on performance outputs and customer orientation.
Please explain the features of NPM
What do you mean by New Public Management
How does it differ with Classical hierarchical (Weberian) model.
17 Thank You All for the Patient Hearing Email s2arefin_at_yahoo.com Cell 01741329408
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