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J.R.R Tolkien


J.R.R Tolkien. Father of the Modern High Fantasy Genre. Childhood & Youth ... Tolkien's success, the genre of fantasy literature had been revived and inspired ... – PowerPoint PPT presentation

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Title: J.R.R Tolkien

J.R.R Tolkien
  • Father of the Modern High Fantasy Genre

Childhood Youth
  • John Ronald Reuel Tolkien was born in
    Bloemfontein, South Africa, on January 3rd, 1892
  • His father died in 1896 and his mother moved him
    and his brother, Hilary, to the West Midlands of
  • He was sent to school in Birmingham at King
    Edwards School
  • His mother converted to Roman Catholicism and
    Tolkien remained a devout Catholic his whole
  • His mother died from diabetes in1904
  • Tolkien and his brother were left in the care of
    Father Francis Morgan

Childhood Youth
  • He was very gifted in languages and by the age of
    12 had already mastered Latin, Greek, Gothic and
  • He made up his own languages for fun
  • He met and fell in love with a woman named Edith
    Bratt but was forbidden by Father Morgan to see
    her until he was 21
  • He went to Exeter College, oxford in 1911 and
    obtained degrees in Honor Moderations and later
    English Language and Literature
  • Edith Bratt converted to Catholicism and they
    picked up their relationship where it left off

War Academia
  • When war broke out, Tolkien returned to Oxford
    instead of joining up right away
  • He finished his first language, Qenya which was
    similar to Finnish
  • Tolkien enlisted as a second lieutenant
  • Before he left for France, he and Edith married
    in the Warwick countryside in March of 1916
  • He came down with trench-fever and was sent
    back to England after 4 months
  • In 1917, he was promoted to lieutenant

War Academia
  • In 1918, he was appointed to Assistant
    Lexicographer for the preparation of the Oxford
    English Dictionary
  • In 1920, he became an Associate Professor in
    English Language at the University of Leeds
  • He continued to work on, The Book of Lost Tales
  • In 1925, Tolkien secured Rawlinson and Bosworth
    Professorship of Anglo-Saxon at Oxford

The Reuel/Tolkien Family
  • In 1917, Tolkiens 1st son, John Francis Reuel
    was born
  • Edith gave birth to 2 more sons, Michael Hilary
    Reuel in 1920, and Christopher Reuel in 1924
  • In 1929, Tolkiens only daughter, Priscilla, was
  • His son John entered the priesthood, while his
    sons Michael and Christopher joined the Royal Air
    Force and later became professors and Priscilla
    became a social worker

Professor Tolkien The Inklings
  • In 1945, Tolkien got the Merton Professorship of
    English Language and Literature, which he kept
    until his retirement in 1959
  • Tolkien founded a group of friends called, The
  • C.S. Lewis was among the members of The Inklings
    and Tolkien is credited with Lewis return to
  • The Inklings met regularly for conversation,
    drinking and readings of their works-in-progress

The Storyteller
  • One day when grading his students exams, he
    found a blank page with only the phrase, In a
    hole in the ground there lived a hobbit.
  • The Hobbit was published in 1937 and was an
    immediate success
  • He presented Quenta Silmarillion to his publisher
    but they requested a sequel to The Hobbit
  • This developed into The Lord of the Rings

The Cult
  • In 1965, LOTR was printed in a pirated paperback
    version and alerted millions of Americans to its
  • By1968, LOTR had become the bible for
    Alternative Society
  • Tolkien was flattered but disapproved of his work
    and LSD being experienced at the same time
  • Fans came to stand outside of his house and
    called him at 3AM to ask him trivia questions
    about LOTR
  • Due to Tolkiens success, the genre of fantasy
    literature had been revived and inspired

Other Works
  • Scholarly Essays
  • The Monsters the Critics
  • The Adventures of Tom Bombadil
  • Translations
  • Ancrene Wisse
  • Sir Gawain
  • Sir Orfeo
  • The Pearl
  • The Legendarium
  • Imram
  • Farmer Giles of Ham
  • Leaf by NIggle
  • Smith of Wootton Major
  • The Silmarillion
  • Unfinished Tales of Numenor and Middle-Earth
  • The Book of Lost Tales
  • History of Middle-Earth
  • The Peoples of Middle-earth

  • Tolkien retired in 1959
  • Edith and Tolkien moved to Bournemouth
  • Edith died on November 22, 1971
  • Tolkien returned to Oxford and moved into rooms
    provided by Merton College
  • Tolkien died on September 2, 1973
  • He and Edith are buried together in a single
    grave in the Catholic section of Wolvercote
    cemetery in the suburbs of Oxford
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