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Program Overview


'Recruitment of African American Foster and Adoptive Families' by Vanessa Tower (Ohio) ... Tamika Williams 'Disproportionality in the Child Welfare System: ... – PowerPoint PPT presentation

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Title: Program Overview

  • ?? Program Overview ??
  • October 24, 2007 ? Hilton Arlington

Program Overview Goals of the Program
  • Written into Child Abuse Prevention and Treatment
    Act/Keeping Children and Families Safe Act
    2003/Adoption Opportunities Program.
  • An initiative funded by the Childrens Bureau
    over a five year period in two phases.
  • Goals are to
  • Promote professional leadership development of
    minorities in the adoption field.
  • Help prepare participants to become leaders in
    state adoption programs.
  • Provide the opportunity to contribute knowledge
    to the field.

  • Program Overview The Participants
  • Up to 20 emerging minority leaders in adoption
    selected from the states with the greatest number
    of minority children awaiting adoption and
    high-disproportionality rates.
  • Selected participants will be mentored by their
    State Adoption Program Manager.
  • Two super coaches are also available to provide
    additional support and guidance in meeting goals
    of the program.
  • (article)

  • Phase One
  • (January 2005 December 2006)
  • California, Delaware, Illinois, Maryland, New
    Jersey, New York, North Carolina, Ohio, and
  • Phase Two
  • (January 2007 December 2008)
  • Alaska, Arizona, Connecticut, Florida,
    Massachusetts, Michigan, Minnesota, Oregon,
    Pennsylvania, and Wisconsin

  • MALDI Program Components
  • Application Process
  • Mentoring Experience
  • On-site Learning Sessions
  • Action Research ? 12 month On-the-Job
  • Contributing Knowledge to the Field
  • Evaluation Electronic Logs/Journals
  • 360 Assessment of Leadership Skills (new)

Mentoring Experience
  • Participants will be mentored by their State
    Adoption Program Manager.
  • Mentors and Mentees will be provided training on
    effective mentoring, coaching, and the art of
    being mentored.

On-site Learning Sessions
  • Two (2.5) day on-site learning sessions over a 2
    year period of time.
  • Focus on topical areas in adoption and child
    welfare as well as enhancing leadership skills in
  • Take place in Washington, DC, following the
    National Association of State Adoption Programs
    Annual Working Meeting.
  • Instructors are child welfare experts from across
    the nation.

  • Phase One On-site Learning Sessions Topic
  • Leadership in Adoption-Change from the Middle
    (Dr. Carol Spigner)
  • Preparing for Diversity Challenges and
    Opportunities in Child Welfare (Dr. James L.
  • Cultural Competence, Responsiveness, and Class
    (Tawara Good)
  • Overcoming Barriers to Minority
    Adoption/Disproportionality (Dr. Ruth McRoy)
  • Race Matters Overrepresentation of African
    American Children in the Child Welfare System
    (Dennette Derzotes)
  • Permanency in the Courts (Jennifer Renne, Esq.
    and the Honorable Stephen W. Rideout)
  • Executive Leadership (Peter Dahlin)
  • Database Decision Making and Evidence Based
    Adoption Practice (Tom Hay and Terry Moore)
  • Working with your State Legislature (Dr. Sharen
  • Kinship Adoption (Mattie Satterfield)

Action Research On-the-Job Assignments
  • Job-related assignments are
  • focused on child welfare issues pertaining to the
    participants state.
  • of great interest to the participant and
    developed with their mentor.
  • Participants have the opportunity to share their
    lessons learned
  • Formal presentations made during year 2
  • PowerPoint presentations archived on NCWRCAs web
  • Presentations during CWLA and NASAP

  • Phase One Action Research Projects and
  • Using Technology in Targeted Recruitment for Los
    Angeles County Children by Karen Richardson
  • Barriers to Adoption for Delawares Minority
    Children by Tiffany Earle (Delaware)
  • A Look at Improving Post Adoption and
    Guardianship Services by Legertha Barner
  • Post Adoption Services A Survey of Maryland
    Agencies by Anita Wilkins (Maryland)
  • No More Legal Orphans The State Makes a Poor
    Parent by Valerie Ayers (New Jersey)

  • Action Research Presentations (Cont.)
  • Adoption Competency in New York State
    Developing a Post Adoption Certification Program
    by Ernest Anderson (New York)
  • Disproportionality in the Child Welfare System
    The North Carolina Project by Tamika Williams
    (North Carolina)
  • Recruitment of African American Foster and
    Adoptive Families by Vanessa Tower (Ohio)
  • Barriers to the Adoption Process by Deborah
    Green (Texas)

Electronic Logs, Reflection Feedback Forms, and
  • Evaluation of the effectiveness of the Program
  • Mentees are asked to answers questions regarding
    the Program every two months starting in December
    of Year One.
  • Mentors are asked to answer questions regarding
    the Program every quarter starting in January of
    Year One.
  • Evaluation Forms are given after each learning
  • Follow-up Surveys
  • Participants are also given journals to chart
    their journey.

360 Leadership Competencies for Managers
The 360 LCM assessment identifies competencies
for emerging leaders, such as envisioning,
communication, innovation and risk taking,
problem solving and decisions making, planning
and collaboration, managing conflict, team
development, coaching and providing feedback.
  • Phase Two Mentees
  • Participated in the LCM assessment, along with
    their supervisors, direct reports and peers two
    weeks prior to attending their first MALDI
  • Will discuss the feedback from their LCM
    assessment at the MALDI Learning Session and will
    begin to set goals for improving skills and
    competencies during learning sessions.
  • Will have the support of their Mentors, Super
    Coaches and NCWRCA Coaches during the year long
    process of improving competencies identified
    through the 360 Assessment.

Where are they now?
  • Five of the nine MALDI participants from Phase
    One have been given leadership positions within
    their agencies.

Now Lets Hear from our Panelists…
  • Tamika Williams Disproportionality in the
    Child Welfare System The North Carolina Project
  • Ernest Anderson Adoption Competency in New
    York State Developing a Post Adoption
    Certification Program
  • Valerie Ayers No More Legal Orphans! The
    State Makes a Poor Parent (New Jersey)

Disproportionality in the Child Welfare System
The North Carolina Project
  • Tamika D. Williams, MSW
  • Adoption Program Coordinator
  • N.C. Division of Social Services

  • Throughout the years, North Carolina has
    implemented various social welfare philosophies,
    initiatives, policies, and practices that are
    intended to appropriately capture and serve
    families and children who become known to the
    child welfare system without partiality.
    However, the African American population
    continues to enter the foster care system, have
    longer stays in foster care, and exit foster care
    without legal permanence at higher rates than
    other racial groups.

Eight Initiatives Implemented in North Carolina
  • Multiple Response System
  • Adoption and Safe Families Act (ASFA)
  • Statewide contracts with private adoption
  • Contracts for the Special Children Adoption Fund
  • Special Children Adoption Incentive Fund
  • Annie E. Casey Foundation (Family to Family,
    Breakthrough Series)
  • Structured intake and standardized risk
    assessment tools
  • IV-E Waiver

Authors Initial Thoughts on Contributing Factors
  • Single parent households
  • Poverty in North Carolina
  • Educational levels of biological parents
  • Relatives unavailable
  • Age of children with plan of adoption
  • Number of placements

Authors Initial Thoughts of Contributing Factors
  • Paternal relatives not sought
  • Rural versus urban
  • Substance Abuse
  • Culture-cultural Incompetence
  • Racism
  • Adoption Safe Families Act (ASFA)

  • What has been the impact of the eight promising
    practices reviewed in this project implemented
    in the state of North Carolina and their affect
    on African American children legally free for

  • According to data extrapolated from the N.C.
    Child Placement and Payment System
  • At any given time in North Carolina . . .
  • Approximately 800 children are available for
  • More than half of these children are African
    Americans between 0-18 years of age.
  • The targeted population African Americans enter
    the foster care system, have longer stays and
    exit without legal permanence more often than
    other racial groups.

Summary of Actions to Address Selected Question
  • Review of North Carolina child welfare statistics
  • Review of literature on disproportionality
  • Review of literature on adoptions in child
  • Interviews with local departments of social
    services staff

  • Vandergrift 2006
  • States with the highest levels of
    overrepresentation for Black children tended to
    have the highest number of promising practices in
    place, including subsidized guardianship.
  • States with the highest levels of
    overrepresentation of Black and Hispanic children
    were more likely to have satellite offices or
    community immersion programs for child welfare.

  • States with the lowest levels of
    overrepresentation tended to have less widespread
    but more targeted, local programs for reducing
  • States with the lowest rates of
    overrepresentation of Black and Hispanic children
    were most likely to have dependency drug courts
    and cultural competence training.

  • NC DSS-5094 Child Placement and Payment System
    (Foster Care)
  • NC DSS-5095 Child Placement and Payment System
  • United States Census Bureau
  • UNC School of Social Work Child Welfare Database
  • North Carolina Division of Social Services
    Adoption Policy Manual (http//
  • Personal Interviews
  • County Survey of Initiatives
  • 2003 AFCARS (Adoptions and Foster Care Analysis
    and Reporting System)

North Carolina County Data Review
  • Reviewed 12 Counties Counties were selected
    based upon county population and state
    geographical location.
  • Data from three counties was extrapolated and
    used for the purpose of this presentation.
  • These counties were similar in African American
    population density--independent of population and

Selected County Data-County A
  • African Americans
  • Are 40 of the county population
  • with 20.1 of the population under the age of 18.
  • There are no (0) African American children in
    foster care.

Selected County Data- County B
  • African Americans
  • Are 30.7 of the county population
  • with 24.2 under 18 years of age.
  • Of children entering foster care during the
    following FY represented -
  • 57 - 2004 57 - 2005 61 - 2006
  • Are 1.5 to 2 times more likely to enter foster
    care than Caucasian children

Selected County Data County B
  • African American Children
  • Are less likely (69) to be in foster care at the
    360th day of custody than Caucasian children
  • Are less likely (22) to be placed with relatives
    during their initial placement as compared to
    (32) of their Caucasian children
  • Of the 82 children legally free for adoption on
    August 31, 2006, 70 of them are African American

Selected County Data County C
  • African Americans
  • Are 38.4 of population
  • with 24.4 under 18 years of age
  • Of children entering foster care during during
    the FY 2004-2006
  • 69 - 2004 75 - 2005 81 - 2006
  • Are 2.7 times to 6 times more likely to enter
    foster care than Caucasian children

Selected County Data County C
  • African American Children
  • Are more likely (71) to be in foster care at the
    360th day of custody than Caucasian children
  • Are slightly more likely (30) to be placed with
    relatives during their initial placement as
    compared to (26) of Caucasian children
  • Of the 34 children legally free for adoption on
    August 31, 2006, 79 of the children are African

Lessons learned from reviewing the 8 initiatives
in selected counties
  • Multiple Response System
  • Implemented in all counties in the state some
    counties further along than others
  • Family assessment and Child and Family Teams.
    More family centered.
  • Too soon to know the affect on disproportionality.
  • Adoption and Safe Families Act
  • 12 months to permanency do not give time to
    address many of the issues.
  • Issue of Substance Abuse is a lifelong process.
    Yields more TPR and children lingering in
  • Parent have triple diagnosis Substance Abuse,
    Mental Illness and Developmental Delays.
  • Workers can negotiate ASFA when they assess the
    family and make the determination for the family
    based on best interest and not ASFA timelines, if
    the two dont coincide however this may affect
    Child Family Service Review outcomes.
  • Structured Intake
  • Has been a positive tool for child welfare,
    however disproportion remains
  • Captures specific family events and should be
    race neutral.
  • Separates poverty from neglect.
  • Less children are coming into care but the
    disproportion remains

Lessons learned from reviewing the 8 initiatives
in selected counties
  • Annie E. Casey Foundation
  • Family to Family
  • Targeted community recruitment is an asset.
  • Has helped efforts to keep children in their own
  • Building community trust has been a formidable
  • Breakthrough Series in two counties
  • Only scratched the surface in a year of
  • Undoing Racism is a critical part of the
  • Found there is a difference among blacks and
    white. View world through different lenses.
  • Statewide Contracts with Private Adoption
  • Referrals vary based upon county knowledge and
    belief in achievable outcomes
  • Have achieved adoption outcomes for several
    hundred children irregardless of race
  • Another Choice For Black Children has had the
    most comparable success with targeted recruitment
    for African American children

Lessons learned from reviewing the 8 initiatives
in selected counties
  • Contracts for Special Children Adoption Fund
  • Has yielded contracts with 16 private adoption
    agency to partner with local county department of
    social service to place children for adoption
  • Supports county and private adoption programs by
    providing financial support to agency who meet
    adoption baseline
  • Has yielded more agencies applying for Adoption
    Assistance for eligible children
  • Agencies have used funds to support marginal
    families in their adoption pursuits.
  • Counties have difficulty meeting the baseline
    and/or are not able to expend funds in the
    required time
  • Special Children Adoption Incentive Fund
  • Counties have to elect to participate at a 50
    match to State Funds
  • More than 100 children with extreme medical or
    physical needs have achieved adoption due to
  • Title IV-E Waiver
  • Now statewide
  • Still assessing impact on disproportionality
  • Guardianship has made a major difference for some
    relatives who do not want to terminate rights of
    birth parents.

Authors Struggles
  • Numerous and complex issues contribute to
  • How to narrow the scope of the question
  • What kind of pilot could sufficiently address the
    complexity of disproportionality
  • What data to include and what to exclude
  • How to balance statistics without boring audience
  • Making time to focus on project
  • Understanding assignment

Authors Reflections on Action Research
  • Desire to problem solve rather than pose
  • One question leads to another question
  • Ongoing process

Authors Insights
  • Poverty and Substance Abuse transcend race and
    yet African Americans remain more at risk than
    other racial groups to the Child Welfare System.
  • African American children continue to linger in
    foster care without support services, more often
    than other racial groups.
  • Child welfare is a reflection of the wider
    population and systems of care there is
    disproportion in resources and services for
    African Americans.

Authors Final Thoughts
  • Institutional racism plays a pivotal role in
    African Americans entry, move, and stay in the
    foster care system. At critical decision points,
    the disproportion is more pronounced.
  • African American children are more likely to be
    placed with relatives, but resources to maintain
    these homes or make them legally secure
    placements are sparse or non-existent. These
    families are not given the support to maintain
    children within their home.
  • African Americans have greater success when
    families are able to maintain faith, community,
    and family connection. When these traditional
    cultural norms are significantly severed, other
    societal supports do not manifest and families
    suffer a disconnect.

Authors Conclusions/Findings
  • Situational and generational poverty are
    contributing factors.
  • Appropriate and sustained Substance Abuse
    Treatment and Mental Health programs in the
    community affect African American outcomes.
  • The belief system of staff members has an effect
    on the outcomes for children and families.
  • A proliferation of general child welfare
    initiatives does not yield targeted outcomes for
    African American children.

Authors Recommended Next Steps
  • Increase awareness of disproportionality through
    county trainings
  • Have courageous conversations about
    disproportionality in child welfare
  • All workers to participate in Undoing Racism

  • MALDI Presentation
  • Adoption Competency in New York State Developing
    a Post Adoption Certification Program
  • October 24, 2007
  • Presenter
  • Ernest Anderson - Adoption Specialist NYC
    Regional Office

MALDI Presentation Adoption Competency in New
York State
  • Extensive Assessment of Needs of Adoptive
  • Findings
  • Adoptive Families need to access a variety of
    services from professionals/systems unfamiliar
    with adoption issues
  • Need for adoption competent services providers in
  • Lack of available resources in NYS for
    cross-system adoption training
  • NYS OCFS made several attempts (unsuccessful) for
    cross-system collaborations
  • Sought funding for Adoption Support and
    Preservation Curriculum

MALDI Presentation Adoption Competency in New
York State
  • Background
  • OCFS Adoption PIP/Improving Child Welfare
    Outcomes Workgroup
  • Formed in 2004 to work collaboratively with NYS
    adoption stakeholders
  • Collaboration of stakeholders to address systemic
    barriers to timely adoptions
  • Develop strategies to address service needs for
    parents, children and adoption professionals
  • Promote cross-systems collaboration to support

MALDI Presentation Adoption Competency in New
York State
  • Question How can OCFS support the development
    of adoption competency training for mental health
  • Rationale Why should NYS support this program?
  • Research on mental health needs of adoptees and
    adoptive families
  • Concerns raised by NYS adoption advocacy groups
    on need for adoption competent therapeutic
  • Successful efforts by other states in developing
    adoption competency training for mental health

MALDI Presentation Adoption Competency in New
York State
  • Problem
  • Life-long mental health issues of adoptees and
    adoptive families caused by feelings of loss,
    separation, impact of foster care placement.
  • Families have shared the impact of therapists who
    are not informed on adoption issues.
  • NYS families do not have viable resources for
    finding adoption competent mental health

MALDI Presentation Adoption Competency in New
York State
  • Project Goal
  • To provide university based certification on
    adoption therapy for mental health professionals
    to improve their ability to serve adoptive
    parents and children. Expand the availability of
    adoption competent therapists.
  • Requirements/Parameters
  • Program must be available statewide
  • Train therapists that accept Medicaid payment
  • No guarantee that NYS funding would be available

MALDI Presentation Adoption Competency in New
York State
  • Approach to Achieve Goal
  • Educate NYS on the importance of supporting
  • Formed workgroup to help create NYS program
  • Collect and review similar programs in other
  • Reviewed research on issues related to adoption
    competent therapy
  • Hold informational forum to gain support for
    program from a NYS university
  • Conduct survey of adoptive families regarding
    their experiences with their therapists
  • Meetings with NYS Bureau of Training to secure
  • Collaboration with NY University to tailor
    program to OCFS requirements

MALDI Presentation Adoption Competency in New
York State
  • Literature Review
  • Bridges Article Does Anyone Speak Adoption
    summary of adoption competency training
    programs created by other states.
  • Review of Courses and other materials from these
    adoption competency training programs
  • Casey Family Services - White Paper on Promising
    Practices in Adoption-Competent Mental Health
  • Psychological Adjustment of Adoptees A
    Meta-Analysis Journal of Clinical Psychology
    1993 Vol. 22
  • Adopted Adolescents Overrepresentation in
    Mental Health Counseling Adoptees Problems or
    Parents Lower Threshold for Referral? Journal
    of American Academy of Child Adolescent
    Psychiatry Vol. 39 Dec. 2000

MALDI Presentation Adoption Competency in New
York State
  • Methodology - Informational Forum
  • Invited representatives of adoption-competency
    training programs to present to NYS universities
    and agencies
  • Presentations on how they created and sustained
    their programs
  • Lessons learned
  • Sustainability State university support may be
  • Funding IV-E Waiver, Adoption Opportunities
  • Interest of NYS Universities and others in
    support of OCFS plan

MALDI Presentation Adoption Competency in New
York State
  • Methodology - Adoptive Parent Survey
  • Client Satisfaction Survey distributed by mail
    and email to NYS adoptive parents. Eighty-six
    responses received.
  • 77 of respondents reported seeking therapeutic
  • 51 of respondents sought treatment for an
    adoption related concern
  • 50 respondents went to multiple types of
  • 26 of respondents believed their therapists had
    no knowledge of adoption issues.
  • 82 of respondents indicated they would tend to
    use a therapist who they knew received adoption

MALDI Presentation Adoption Competency in New
York State
  • Hunter College School of Social Work
  • Reviewed proposal submitted by Hunter
  • Began discussions with Hunter on course content
    and budget
  • Reviewed course syllabus submitted by Hunter and
    solicited comments from the field
  • Received approval from Bureau of Training
  • Awaiting final approval from NYS Budget and
    Finance offices

MALDI Presentation Adoption Competency in New
York State
  • Struggles/Concerns on the Action Research Process
  • Collaboration Division of responsibilities among
    workgroup members
  • Gaining support from NYS Bureau of Training
  • Strategies for securing funding
  • Title IV-E requirement
  • Obtaining support for survey of adoptive parents
  • NYS restriction on learning identities and

MALDI Presentation Adoption Competency in New
York State
  • Insights/Conclusions
  • Challenges with cross-systems collaboration
  • Collaboration and consensus with workgroups
    toward development of program
  • Gained support from Bureau of Training, local
    experts in the field to support development of
    Hunter College Program
  • Limits on information sharing with non-OCFS
    workgroup members
  • Learning requirements to obtain funding
  • Better understanding of the funding sources and
  • Developed relationships and approach to replicate
    program in other Regions of New York State

MALDI Presentation Adoption Competency in New
York State
  • Next Steps
  • Develop other avenues for providing similar
  • Prepare report to OCFS on how Hunter program was
  • Support Regional Adoption Competency Programs and
  • Develop Adoption Competency training for
    therapists at sister agencies
  • Continue to work with Bureau of Training and
    other stakeholders to replicate similar programs
    in other regions of New York State
  • Evaluation of Hunter Program
  • Presentation and Content
  • Sustainability
  • Funding
  • Marketing

MALDI Presentation Adoption Competency in New
York State
  • Whats New
  • Hunter College Program Refunded for 2007-08
  • Additional Constraints
  • New Administration at OCFS
  • Must build support for continuation and expansion
    of program
  • Develop cross-systems support
  • New Workgroup to be Formed
  • Statewide workgroup ending in December 2007
  • Seeking members for new committee from across NYS

No More Legal Orphans The State Makes a Poor
  • Valerie S. Ayres
  • Youth Permanency Coordinator
  • New Jersey Dept of Children and Families
  • Presented October 2006
  • Updated October 2007

Developing PERMANENCY STRATEGIES for Older Youth
Sibling 1
Sibling 2
The Time is Ripe
  • There has been increased emphasis nationally on
    securing permanency for older youth
  • New Jersey has begun to take measures to address
    children aging out of foster care without a
    permanent family, or at a minimum, connections to
    a network of caring adults
  • CFSR second round will include permanency for
    longest waiting children as part of the time to
    adoption measure

Working Definitions
  • Legal Orphans - children in placement who are
    legally free for adoption but for whom no family
    has been found, and neither adoption or legal
    guardianship is being pursued.
  • Family Permanence - an enduring family
    relationship that is safe and meant to last a
    lifetime, offering the legal rights, emotional
    security and/or social status of full family

Research Objectives
  • To determine why this population of children did
    not achieve permanency
  • To develop recommendations for systemic change to
    correct factors identified to negatively
    influence permanency outcomes (front end
  • To identify and implement a practice model for
    securing permanent families for children
    identified as legal orphans (back end

What We Know About Children…
…In Foster Care
  • African American children are overrepresented in
    the foster care population nationally 34, in
    N.J. 66, while approximately 15 of the N.J.
    population is African American.
  • Children in foster care have a higher rate of
    physical, emotional, educational, and behavioral
    issues than do children in their own homes.
  • Permanency achievement is inversely proportionate
    to the length of time in placement and number of
    moves a child makes.

  • …Aging Out of Foster Care
  • Children exiting without, at the very least,
    solid connections to caring adults, have the
    worst outcomes.
  • Studies show that 60 of children aging out of
    foster care will, within the first two years, be
    unemployed and/or homeless, substance abusing,
    and/or involved with the criminal justice system.
  • Approximately half will never graduate from High
  • 60 of girls will become pregnant with 2 years.

New Jerseys Legal Orphan Data
  • 304 children are ages 14
  • 225 are African American
  • Approximately 10 are age 14, 20 age 15, 25 age
    16, 25 age 17, and 20 are age 18
  • Approximately 1/3 (112) have a goal of
    independent living
  • More than 1/3 (117) a goal of long term
    specialized care
  • 43 children have a goal of long-term foster care,
    (established before this goal was discontinued)

New Jerseys Legal Orphan Data (Cont.)
  • The Childrens Placement Settings
  • 112 in foster care (94 unrelated homes and 18
    related homes)
  • 65 in residential facilities
  • 60 in contracted treatment homes
  • 23 in group homes
  • 18 in shelters
  • 17 in supported independent living programs
  • The remaining children are in other placement
    settings (i.e. mental health and medical

What We Think We Know…
Factors Contributing to Poor Permanency Outcomes
  • Race
  • Age
  • Lack of Permanency Planning
  • Living Arrangement/Luck of the Draw
  • Lack of experience/skill in working with children
  • Caseworker/Therapist attitudes about both
    children and families
  • Childrens attitudes
  • Lack of appropriate services
  • Lack of perseverance

  • Review literature on promising permanency
    practices/Listen to experts, including youth
  • Develop strategies/practice model
  • Limit focus to children who are legally free for
    adoption (304)
  • Apply strategies, analyze results
  • Make recommendations and implement system change

  • Isolate data on all children age 14 without a
    goal of adoption or legal guardianship (2761)
  • Read records
  • Train staff, and discuss the impact of training
    on practice (discussion questions, attachment 3)
  • Conduct focus group with older youth
  • Select a small sample (11 youth) for further
    review and analysis
  • Orientation session with key Local and Area
    Office staff (One County)

What We Found
  • While African American children being adopted
    mirror their percentage in foster care, 3/4 of
    the legal orphans are African American
  • Chance of adoption decreases with age
  • Children in foster homes are more likely to be
    adopted than children in congregate care settings
  • Goal of adoption was often abandoned when
    children entered congregate care
  • Permanency/Concurrent Planning is almost

  • Questions Answers ______________
  • Please submit questions for the QA Follow-up to
  • Click on the link located lower right to start.

Contact Us
16250 Northland Drive, Suite 120 Southfield, MI
48075 Telephone 248.443.0306 Fax
248.443.7099 E-mail Web
Embracing partnerships that build strong
foundations for adoption of children in the child
welfare system.