1 North Georgia Gay Straight Alliance 2 Mission To create a healthy inclusive environment for gay lesbian bisexual transgender questioning and intersex students and all NGCSU students and to prevent suicide by initiating dialogue providing education and establishing support systems 3 Activities and Programs Providing a safe space for discussion of issues related to sexual orientation Educating the campus community about who GLBTQI people really are Advancing academic achievement by making the campus a safe and tolerant place to learn and grow Having fun! 4 A Little About Us 5 Statistics 33 of all teenage suicide are gay/lesbian youth 6 Statistics 50 of gay/lesbian youth are rejected when they disclose their orientation to their parents 7 Statistics 80 of youth harassed as gay actually identify as heterosexual and are 5 times more likely to complete suicide 8 Statistics 97 of all students hear anti-gay epithets in school 9 School Violence 90 of recent school shootings involved young boys who were taunted picked-on and threatened with anti-gay epithets 10 Dialogue 11 Personal Story 12 (No Transcript) 13 Questionnaire
What do you think caused your heterosexuality
When and how did you first decide that you were heterosexual
Is it possible that your heterosexuality stems from a neurotic fear of others of the same sex
Do your parents know you are heterosexual Do your friends or roommates know
Is it possible that your heterosexuality is just a phase you might grow out of
If youve never slept with a person of the same sex is it possible that all you need is a good gay/lesbian lover
To whom have you disclosed your heterosexual tendencies
Why do heterosexuals feel compelled to seduce others into your lifestyle
Why do you insist on flaunting your heterosexuality Cant you just be what you are and keep it quiet
Would you want your children to be heterosexual knowing the problems they would face
A disproportionate majority of child molesters are heterosexuals. Do you consider it safe to expose your children to heterosexual teachers
Just what do men and women do in bed together
Even with all the social support marriage receives the divorce rate is spiraling. Why are there so few stable relationships among heterosexuals
Why do heterosexuals place so much emphasis on sex
Considering the menace of overpopulation how could the human race survive if everyone were heterosexual like you
Could you trust a heterosexual therapist to be objective Dont you fear that the therapist might be inclined to influence you in the direction of her/his own leanings
How can you become a whole person if you limit yourself to compulsive exclusive heterosexuality and fail to develop your natural healthy homosexual potential
There seem to be very few happy heterosexuals. Techniques have been developed that might enable you to change if you really want to. Have you considered trying aversion therapy
15 Gay and Lesbian Myths
Gay men are effeminate because they want to be like women.
Lesbians prefer the company of women because they are afraid of men.
Gay and lesbian people have a choice about their sexual orientation.
You can usually spot a gay lesbian bisexual or transgender person.
16 Gay and Lesbian Myths
If young people are exposed to openly homosexual people they may be influenced to be homosexual as well.
We do not know the exact cause of homosexuality.
Homosexuality is unnatural.
In homosexual relationships one person plays the male or aggressive role and one the female or passive role.
17 Gay and Lesbian Myths
The majority of child molesters have a homosexual orientation.
Homosexuality is a result of arrested or hampered mental health development.
Gay lesbian bisexual and transgender people can have happy healthy long-term relationships.
18 Gay and Lesbian Myths
Poor parenting divorce or sexual abuse as a child contributes to an individual becoming homosexual.
Individuals have a choice about their sexual behavior.
The transgender experience pertains to gender identity rather than sexual orientation.
19 Glossary of Terms Related to Orientation
Sexual orientation The emotional affectional or sexual attraction of one individual to individuals of a particular gender.
Homosexual Individuals with an emotional affectional or sexual attraction to people of the same gender.
Lesbian A woman with an emotional affectional or sexual attraction to other women.
20 Glossary of Terms Related to Orientation
Gay Used to describe a person with an emotional affectional or sexual attraction to people of the same gender.
Bisexual Individuals with an emotional affectional or sexual attraction to either the same or the opposite gender.
Heterosexual Individuals with an emotional affectional or sexual attraction to the opposite gender.
21 Glossary of Terms Related to Gender
Gender Usually refers to male or female as determined by apparent biological sex.
Gender identity An awareness of being male or female usually developed by the time a child is two years old.
Gender role A socially determined learned set of behaviors prescribed to differentiate the roles of males and females. These can and do change rapidly with cultural developments. The first to break the rules of an era are often evaluated scornfully such as hippies.
22 Glossary of Terms Related to Gender
Transgender Covers a broad range of diversity and gender flexibility. Generally speaking transgender refers to having the biological manifestation of one gender yet in some way identifying psychologically with another gender.
Gender benders Individuals who for personal societal or political reasons choose to ignore the gender roles of their era. Examples would be women who chose to bob their hair and/or wear trousers or men who allowed their hair to grow long as social protest.
23 Glossary of Terms Related to Gender
Cross-dresser Men or women usually heterosexual and often married who enjoy or prefer clothing generally assigned to the opposite sex.
Drag Refers to the adoption of clothing and roles of the opposite sex by individuals for play entertainment or eroticism.
Transsexual Individuals who are biologically one gender identifying as another alter their bodies surgically to reflect the gender they most identify with.
24 Glossary of Terms Related to Gender
Intersex (Hermaphrodite) Individuals who are born with an ambiguous combination of male and female genitals. This ambiguity often leads to a surgical determination of gender by a doctor.
25 What is it
90 majority orientation 10 minority orientation
Very small that are either way
History 5 Millenniums
Cannot identify by looks
Trait identified only by behavior
Trait is not behavior It is a neurological orientation expressed behaviorally. Orientation cannot be pressured to behave differently does not change internally.
26 What is it
It is not a disease or illness and it is not pathological (or contagious)
Orientation is not chosen
Signs of orientation are detectable in children at early age by age two or three orientation defines at latest by age 2 and possible before birth
Not environmentally rooted
Present cultures across all demographic lines
27 THE TOMB of NIANKHKHNUM and KHNUMHOTEP in the necropolis of Saqqara has intrigued some Egyptologistsbecause of its problematic treatment of its two male occupantsmanicurists to king Niuserre of the 5th dynasty. http//www.egyptology.com/niankhkhnum_khnumhotep/ 28 Lesbian The word lesbian comes from the Greek Isle Lesbos where the poet Sappho lived in 600 B. C. Sappho wrote numerous poems about her female love most of which were destroyed by religious fanatics during the Middle Ages. While the first use of the term lesbian is unknown it was used in several academic books as early as 1880. The word became more popular in the 20th century especially during the feminist era.The term lesbian separatist was commonly used to describe women who wished to avoid the company of men altogether. separatist was commonly used to distinguish feminists who wished to avoid the company of men altogether. 29 Fag faggot Fag and faggot are terms used to insult gay men. These terms stem from the ritual burning to death of homosexuals during the Middle Ages. Saint Ambrose and Saint Augustine established a Catholic doctrine that portrayed all non-procreative sexual acts as heretical and evil. Catholic armies often on their way to one holy war or another would march through European towns seeking out various types of heretics most of whom were tortured until they agreed to convert. Gay men however were believed to be too unrepentant to change. The Catholic response was to ask the young boys from each village to gather bundles of sticks (faggots) and then lay them at the feet of the chained homosexuals. After lighting the pyre and forcing the boys to watch the screaming victims a priest would lecture to the boys about homosexuality. To understand the cruel nature of this slang word you might imagine using the word noose to describe black men in reference to the runaway slave lynchings that once occurred in the Southern US. 30 Dyke Contrary to popular belief the origin of the insult dyke in reference to lesbians has nothing to do with waterways or canals. The word first appeared in 1710 in British newspaper stories about presumed homosexuals Anne Bonny and Mary Reed. The two women captained a very successful pirate venture and completed several lucrative raids of the British Empire before agreeing to be interviewed. Reporters often noted their predilection for wearing mens clothing and one editorial avoided the unpleasant connotations of cross dressing by using a French word which refers to mens clothing dike. Over the years this term was corrupted to the modern form dyke. Since then general misunderstanding about the terms origins have inspired many stand-up comedy routines and bad puns. 31 Gay During the 1800s and early 1900s gay was simply a state of jubilant happiness. However during the late 1800s gay was sometimes used to describe prostitutes in much the same way that the phrase happy hookers is used today. One theory is that gay came into use to describe homosexual men because of the rise in numbers of male prostitutes during the 1900s. Another theory is that gay was used within the early gay community of the 1960s largely because of the numerous festive gay parties common in the United States in cities such as San Francisco and New York. In any case the earlier usage of gay as happy or jubilant has fallen out of favor in conjunction with the new usages prominence. 32 Homosexual Bisexual Heterosexual Homo Bi Homophobia While homosexual bisexual and heterosexual were coined during the latter half of the 19th Century it was Sigmund Freud who popularized their usage. Freud now considered the father of modern psychology believed humans to be naturally bisexual. He theorized that a toddlers interactions with his parents determine which half of his inherent sexuality he will later choose to act upon. Homo means same hetero means other and bi means both while sexual originally referred to gender rather than copulation. Homo is now used as an insult for gay men while bi is a more positive short version of bisexual. Homophobia is a more recent term for the irrational fear of homosexuality and people accused of prejudice against gays are sometimes called homophobic. It is notable that most English translations of the Bible use the word homosexual as a mistranslation of yadha (pedophile) and qadesh (male temple prostitute). Of course the word homosexual was not available when the Bible was written and there was no true Greek equivalent. 33 Transsexual Transgender Transvestite These three words are often used interchangeably when in fact they do have different meanings. A transvestite is someone who wears the clothing of the opposite gender sometimes but not always for sexual gratification. A transsexual is someone who feels they should have been born as the opposite gender. A transgender person is someone who falls physically between the two genders either from birth or through hormones and/or surgery. Trans means literally across and any trans person is said to cross the boundaries of absolute gender identification in one way or another. 34 The 10 or One in Ten As with most common myths the common belief that gay people compose 10 of society has some basis in fact. Before about 1950 most psychologists believed homosexuals made up less than 1 of the population. Alfred Kinsey a biology professor who was the first to study widespread trends in human sexuality released a study on male sexuality in 1948 which concluded that 13 of men are exclusively gay. A subsequent study on female sexuality released in 1953 concluded that 7 of women are exclusive lesbians. The media seized upon Kinseys findings averaging the two results and running numerous stories and editorials that shattered popular conceptions of sexuality. Studies undertaken after Kinseys revelations failed to achieve the same results statistics run as high as 27 gay and as low as 3. The methodology and assumptions of each study appear to have remarkable sway over the eventual findings. As a result it is impossible for scientists to say with certainty how many humans are gay percentage wise or otherwise. 35 The Greek symbol lambda was emblazoned on the shields of Trojan warriors in ancient Greece. While the city state is famous for its legendary battle prowess it is also notable for its practice of pairing experienced soldiers with young new recruits for both training and sex. The lambda was co-opted by gay activists during the 1950s and 1960s. While its usage is down somewhat it is still sometimes favored by collegiate gay men today for its wry commentary on Greek fraternity traditions. 36 The pink triangle was originally used in Nazi Germany starting in 1935 to designate homosexual men. Such men were typically put into labor camps where almost all were beaten to death by prison guards or slowly starved. The symbol was co-opted by gay activists who wished to engender a sense of parity with other minorities including the religious and ethnic minorities targeted during the Holocaust. Interestingly the Nazis lumped lesbians together with feminists under the category of socially unnatural women and designated them with a black triangle. 37 The rainbow flag was designed in 1978 in San Francisco. It became popular after the murder of San Francisco city councilman Harvey Milk who was the first elected gay politician in the United States. As the murder trial of Dan White progressed followed by his five year sentence under the now infamous I ate a Twinkie defense the flag came under great demand as community support for justice soared. Visitors to San Francisco noted the use of the colorful flags and the symbol slowly spread. While the common belief is that each color on the flag represents different sexual minorities (gay bisexual transgender and so on) the original intent was for each color to represent an idealized trait of the burgeoning gay community (harmony spirit sexuality etc). 38 What causes gay A variety of theories about the influences on sexual orientation have been proposed. Sexual orientation probably is not determined by any one factor but by a combination of genetic hormonal and environmental influences. In recent decades biologically based theories have been favored by experts. Although there continues to be controversy and uncertainty as to the genesis of the variety of human sexual orientations there is no scientific evidence that abnormal parenting sexual abuse or other adverse life events influence sexual orientation. Current knowledge suggests that sexual orientation is usually established during early childhood. Sexual orientation and adolescentsJune 2004 Journal of Pediatrics 113(6) pp. 1827-1832 by Barbara Frankowski MD 39 Is homosexuality a mental illness or emotional problem No. What about so-called Conversion Therapies Many of the claims that conversion therapy has changed orientation come from organizations with an ideological perspective which condemns homosexuality. These claims are poorly documented. For example treatment outcome is not followed and reported overtime as would be the standard to test the validity of any mental health intervention. http//www.apa.org/pubinfo/a nswers.htmlwhatcauses 40 Can therapy change sexual orientation No. Is sexual orientation a choice No. Can lesbians gay men and bisexuals be good parents Yes. http//www.apa.org/pubinfo/answers.htmlwhat causes
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