The Benefit and Manner of Asking The Right Questions Chapter One Pages 1-17 3 What is Critical Thinking
The awareness of a set of interrelated critical questions.
The ability to ask and answer critical questions at the appropriate times.
The desire to actively use the critical questions.
Thinking about thinking.
4 How Does Critical Thinking Benefit Us
We are able to react critically to what we hear/read.
We are no longer spectators depended upon others.
We become involved in our own thinking and learning.
5 What is the goal of Critical Thinking
The goal is NOT to tear down.
The goal of Critical Thinking is to move the conversation forward.
6 Types of Thinking
Panning for Gold Thinking
7 Types of Thinking
Absorbing information without critical examination.
The more you absorb the more you know.
It is easy (passive) and requires little effort.
No method of determining which information should be accepted.
At the mercy of others.
Not critical thinking.
8 Types of Thinking
Panning for Gold Thinking
Developing a question-asking attitude.
Takes time and can be challenging.
Rewards are priceless.
How does it work
Questions the claims of others.
Interact with the material they are learning.
Critically evaluates material they are learning.
Evaluates what is being said.
After careful consideration coming to an educated decision.
9 Types of Thinking
Panning for Gold
Pages 4 and 5.
Use panning for gold method.
Moodle course page
The Critical Mind is a Questioning Mind
Becoming a Critic of Your Thinking
10 The Myth of the Right Answer
Panning for gold methodology works for almost any subject.
Even topics you know little/nothing about.
Cant learn all possible information.
Simply cant know all the possible facts.
The Social Sciences (Psychology Sociology).
Should not prevent us from asking questions.
Critical Thinking gives you the tools to develop the best and most reasonable answer based on the information you have.
11 The Myth of the Right Answer
Thinking we know more than we actually can/do.
Acknowledge what we do not know.
Reading Assignment (See Moodle)
Valuable Intellectual Traits
Universal Intellectual Standards
12 Weak Sense Strong Sense Thinking
Critical Thinking can be used for one of two purposes
13 Weak Sense Strong Sense Thinking
Weak Sense Thinking
Fails to recognize mistakes in their own reasoning and does not consider viewpoints that contradict their own.
Uncritically defends current beliefs (positions).
Also called Sophistry
The art of winning an argument regardless of the problems that may exist in the reasoning being used or what information is being ignored.
Sophists simply want to WIN the argument.
Lower level reasoning skills used to make unreasonable thinking appear reasonable.
14 Weak Sense Strong Sense Thinking 15 Weak Sense Strong Sense Thinking
Strong Sense Thinking
Consistent in their pursuit of the fair and just.
Strive to be ethical.
Strives to behave in ways that do not exploit or harm others.
Strive to think in a reasonable manner.
Applies the critical questions to all truth claims.
Critically examines their own beliefs.
16 The Most Important Question
Is this particular issue or problem worth our time Our energy If not move on
Under what circumstances do you think that youll care enough to devote energy to critical thinking
Under what circumstances do you think you will not care enough to devote energy to critical thinking
17 Critical Thinking and Values
Thinking is done in community.
Goal of critical thinking is for us to be able to handle our interaction with out people in ways that stimulates out continued growth as thinkers.
We need to increase our awareness of the dangers of social interaction in critical thinking.
18 Critical Thinking and Values
What is the basis for the opinions and conclusions you hold
The people around you.
19 Critical Thinking and Values Our Worldviews 20 Critical Thinking and Values Religion Family Friends Nation Traditions 21 Critical Thinking and Values Security Peace of mind Comfort 22 Critical Thinking and Values We Must Learn To Think Outside The Box 23 Critical Thinking and Values 24 Critical Thinking and Values
How you interact with others is determined by
The values you perceive in them.
What are values
Values are the unstated ideas that people see as worthwhile. Values provide standards of conduct by which we measure the quality of human behavior.
25 Critical Thinking and Values
We tend to be attracted towards people who share our values/worldviews.
We tend to be uncomfortable around those people who do not share our values/worldviews.
Require ourselves to work hard at understanding those who hold different values/worldviews.
Does not mean we will agree with them.
Intellectual Curiosity and Intellectual Fairness.
26 Primary values of a critical thinker
Think for ourselves.
Curiosity causes us to ask questions.
Understanding of how much we dont know.
Respect for Good Reasoning
Rely upon strong reasoning.
27 Primary Values of a Critical Thinker
These values will
Keep us searching for new evidence.
Strengthen our beliefs with well researched information.
Provides us reasons we may need to change.
We should be confident in our beliefs/views.
We should not hold to our beliefs/views so tightly that we are unable to ask might I be wrong
28 Group activity
Why do these values make you a better Critical Thinker
Do you believe that you possess these value priorities Why Why not
29 Thinking and emotions
We always think/reason with a purpose or goal in mind.
We are never un-bias. We all have our biases.
It can be difficult to let go of our biases.
Emotional attachments to bias not always a bad thing.
Our biases need to follow careful reasoning.
30 Thinking and emotions
We must avoid the temptation to be motivated by our desire to keep thinking the same way or holding the same views.
We should avoid the temptation to allow our reasoning to be dictated by our emotions.
We should search for better ways to think with more depth and more accurately.
31 Thinking and emotions
Learn to listen to the views of those that we disagree with.
Even if we continue to disagree with them by listening to them we could learn new information.
After listening to them we might discover that their reasoning is better than ours and therefore we must change our view(s).
32 Keeping the conversation going
How will people react when we ask them questions about their beliefs and conclusions
33 Keeping the conversation going
Usually positive if the person agrees with our value priorities.
Could be negative if the person disagrees with our value priorities.
People are not accustomed to having their values or opinions questioned.
34 Keeping the conversation going
How would you like others to ask you questions about your beliefs so that you would want to continue to discuss a topic about which you have very strong feelings
A combination of two forms of statements.
Conclusion Reasons Argument.
How do you relate to people in a way that will encourage a productive exchange of ideas
Respect and listen to them (even if you disagree).
Avoid personal attacks.
37 End of Lesson One
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