Title: Catalytic Government: Steering Rather Than Rowing
1 Catalytic Government Steering Rather Than Rowing
Drake University MPA
Presenters Betsy Pratt Scott J. VanDeWoestyne
2 The word government is from a Greek word which means to steer. The job of government is to steer not to row the boat. Delivering services is rowing and government is not very good at rowing. - E.S. Savas 3 Redefining Governance
Traditional mayors governors city managers view their role as collecting taxes and delivering services.
Redefining the role of the city as a catalyst and facilitator.
Government increasingly finding itself in the role of defining problems and then assembling resources for others to use in addressing those problems.
4 Redefining Governance
With dwindling budgets state and local governments learn how to bring community groups and foundations together to build low-income housing how to bring business labor and academia together to stimulate economic innovation and job creation how to bring neighborhood groups and police departments together to solve the problems that underlay crime.
5 Redefining Governance
In other words they learn how to facilitate problem solving by catalyzing action throughout the community how to steer rather than row.
6 Redefining Governance
Bill Hudnut former Indianapolis Mayor explained
The mayor is more than a deliverer of services. Thats become clear in the 1980s. A mayor is a deal maker who pulls the public and private sectors together.
7 Redefining Governance
It is not governments obligation to provide services but to see that they are provided.
-Mario Cuomo former Governor of NY.
8 Smaller But Stronger
Entrepreneurial leaders know that communities are healthy when their families neighborhoods schools voluntary organizations and businesses are healthy and that governments most profound role is to steer these institutions to health.
9 Smaller But Stronger
Former Gov. of Florida Lawton Chiles said We believe the central purpose of state government is to be the catalyst which assists communities in strengthening their civic infrastructure. In this way we hope to empower communities to solve their own problems.
10 Smaller But Stronger
What this is leading towards is the unhooking of the tax-and-service wagon.
Realization that you can steer more effectively if you let others do more of the rowing.
Steering is very difficult if an organizations best energies and brains are devoted to rowing.
11 Smaller But Stronger
If government does less is that not a weaker government
Are we not talking about undermining the power of the public sector
12 Smaller But Stronger
Authors concluded that no the governments they studied that steered more and rowed less were clearly stronger governments.
After all those who steer the boat have far more power over its destination than those who row it.
13 Smaller But Stronger
Governments that focus on steering actively shape their communities states and nations. They make more policy decisions. They put more social and economic institutions into motion. Some even do more regulating. Rather than hiring more public employees they make sure other institutions are delivering services and meeting the communitys needs.
14 Separating Steering From Rowing
Steering requires people who see the entire universe of issues and possibilities and can balance competing demands for resources.
Rowing requires people who focus intently on one mission and perform it well.
15 Separating Steering From Rowing
Steering organizations need to find the best methods to achieve their goals.
Rowing organizations tend to defend their method at all costs.
16 Separating Steering From Rowing
Contracting with private vendors is cheaper more efficient more authentic more flexible more adaptive. Contracts are rewritten every year you can change.
Change is more complex with state employees who have all sorts of vested rights and privileges.
17 Separating Steering From Rowing
Steering allows for greater specialization of service providers promotion of experimentation and more comprehensive solutions to problems.
18 Public Employees Victims or Beneficiaries
The great fear of using non-government institutions to row is of course that it will cost many public employees their jobs. This fear is legitimate. In fact the prospect of massive layoffs is one of the barriers that keeps governments from moving into a more catalytic mode.
19 Public Employees Victims or Beneficiaries
Solutions to this
Typical Govt. attrition is 10 year.
Shift employees to other departments.
Require contractors to hire them at comparable wages.
20 Public Employees Victims or Beneficiaries
Governments that move from rowing to steering have fewer line workers but more policy managers catalysts and brokers. They have fewer paper pushers and more knowledge workers.
21 Public Employees Victims or Beneficiaries
The answer to cuts in federal funds is not to cut services but to find new ways of doing things.
22 Creating Steering Organizations
Steering organizations set policy deliver funds to operational bodies (public and private) and evaluate performance-but they seldom play an operational role themselves.
They often cut across traditional bureaucratic boundaries in fact their members are sometimes drawn from both the public and private sectors.
23 Public Sector Private Sector or Third Sector
There are very few services traditionally provided by the public sector that are not today provided somewhere by the private sector and vice versa.
24 Public Sector Private Sector or Third Sector
When people ask themselves which sector can best handle a particular task they also tend to think only of two sectors public or private.
Non-profit organizations are often quite different from both public organizations and private for-profit businesses.
25 Public Sector Private Sector or Third Sector
This third sector is made up of organizations that are privately owned and controlled but that exist to meet public or social needs not to accumulate private wealth.
26 Privatization is One Answer Not The Answer
Privatization is simply the wrong starting point for a discussion of the role of government. Services can be contracted out or turned over to the private sector.
But governance cannot.
27 Privatization is One Answer Not The Answer
Business does some things better than government but government does some things better than business.
The public sector tends to be better at policy management regulation ensuring equity preventing discrimination or exploitation ensuring continuity and stability of services and ensuring social cohesion.
28 Privatization is One Answer Not The Answer
Business tends to be better at performing economic tasks innovating replicating successful experiments adapting to rapid change abandoning unsuccessful or obsolete activities and performing complex or technical tasks.
29 Privatization is One Answer Not The Answer
The Third Sector tends to be best at performing tasks that generate little or no profit demand compassion and commitment to individuals require extensive trust on the part of customers and clients need hands-on personal attention and involve the enforcement of moral codes and individual responsibility for behavior.
30 In conclusion
Author Peter Drucker summed it up
We do not face a withering away of the state. On the contrary we need a vigorous a strong and a very active government. But we do face a choice between big but impotent government and a government that is strong because it confines itself to decision and direction and leaves the doing to others. We need a government that can and does govern. This is not a government that does it is not a government that administers it is a government that governs.
PowerShow.com is a leading presentation/slideshow sharing website. Whether your application is business, how-to, education, medicine, school, church, sales, marketing, online training or just for fun, PowerShow.com is a great resource. And, best of all, most of its cool features are free and easy to use.
You can use PowerShow.com to find and download example online PowerPoint ppt presentations on just about any topic you can imagine so you can learn how to improve your own slides and presentations for free. Or use it to find and download high-quality how-to PowerPoint ppt presentations with illustrated or animated slides that will teach you how to do something new, also for free. Or use it to upload your own PowerPoint slides so you can share them with your teachers, class, students, bosses, employees, customers, potential investors or the world. Or use it to create really cool photo slideshows - with 2D and 3D transitions, animation, and your choice of music - that you can share with your Facebook friends or Google+ circles. That's all free as well!
For a small fee you can get the industry's best online privacy or publicly promote your presentations and slide shows with top rankings. But aside from that it's free. We'll even convert your presentations and slide shows into the universal Flash format with all their original multimedia glory, including animation, 2D and 3D transition effects, embedded music or other audio, or even video embedded in slides. All for free. Most of the presentations and slideshows on PowerShow.com are free to view, many are even free to download. (You can choose whether to allow people to download your original PowerPoint presentations and photo slideshows for a fee or free or not at all.) Check out PowerShow.com today - for FREE. There is truly something for everyone!