Present Progressive We are working on a project right now.
Present Perfect I have driven there many times.
Forming the Simple Present
I / You / We / They leave at 500.
I / You / We / They do not leave at 500.
He / She / It leaves at 500.
He / She / It does not leave at 500.
Forming the Simple Present with Be
I am in the office.
I am not in the office.
You / We / They are in the office.
You / We / They are not in the office.
He / She / It is in the office.
He / She / It is not in the office.
Using the Simple Present
1. General truths or facts
It takes five hours to fly to New York.
2. Habits or routines
Louise gets up at 700 every morning.
3. Book or movies
In the novel Kindred Dana travels back in time and lives the life of a slave.
Use the simple present with non-action verbs that express thoughts feelings sense possession and appearance.
Thoughts agree believe/think know mean remember
I think this is the best school in the area.
Feelings appreciate have like love need prefer want
I like chocolate ice cream better than vanilla.
Senses feel hear see smell taste
We hear the dog barking next door.
Possession belong have own
He has three dogs in the backyard.
Appearance appear be look seem
You look a little tired today.
Use the following time words with the simple present
always rarely often
normally seldom sometimes
usually never on Fridays
regularly daily annually
occasionally monthly every week
Practice using the simple present. Correct the errors in verb tense.
My sister dont like to read.
Water is freezing at 32 Fahrenheit.
Steve is belonging to the economics club.
We have gone there all the time.
Colleen have a new computer.
Forming the Present Progressive
Use the simple present form of be (am is are) the present participle (-ing) form of the verb.
I am reading a good book.
I am not reading a good book.
You / We / They are studying in the library.
You / We / They are not studying in the library.
He / She / It is taking a long time.
He / She / It is not taking a long time.
Using the Present Progressive
1. Current actions or states
Nicholas is studying for a test right now.
2. Current actions over a period of time
Tae is majoring in economics at USC.
3. Temporary actions
John is speaking Spanish. (right now)
Miguel speaks Spanish. (permanent ability)
With non-action verbs use the simple present.
The soup tastes very good.
The soup is tasting very good.
Use the following time words with the present progressive
now right now at present
today these days nowadays
currently presently this week
this year at this moment
at this time
Practice using the present progressive. Correct the errors in verb tense.
She is knowing the correct answer.
At this moment Mia listens to her iPod.
Americans are celebrating Thanksgiving in November.
I take two history classes this semester.
Paul is drive to San Francisco today.
Forming the Present Perfect
Use the simple present form of have (have has) the past participle (-ed/-en) form of the verb.
I / You / We / They have lived here since 1998.
I / You / We / They have not lived here since 1998.
He / She / It has lived here since 1998.
He / She / It has not lived here since 1998.
Using the Present Perfect
1. Unspecified time(s) in the past
They have seen that movie (many times) before.
2. Began in the past continues to the present and possibly into the future
Mrs. Alvarez has lived here since 1972.
3. Recently completed
I have just finished a very difficult test.
Use the following time words with the present perfect
since for recently
yet already until now
so far just several/many times
Yet is only used in questions and negative statements.
Practice using the present perfect. Correct the errors in verb tense.
Alex and Hamid didnt sleep since yesterday.
In recent years I drive the coastal highway many times.
He is president for almost eight years.
I am sick recently.
Marco never went to Costa Rica before.
Check Eye on Editing 2 page 4 Self Check 1
There are three forms of the past tense.
Simple Past He went to the movies last night.
Past Progressive We were living in Indonesia in the 1990s.
Past Perfect I had made the plans before I talked to him.
Forming the Simple Past with Regular Verbs
For all subjects add ed or d to the base verb.
I cleaned the house last night.
I did not clean the house last night.
You walked at nine months old.
You did not walk at nine months old.
He lived in Fullerton two years ago.
He did not live in Fullerton two years ago.
We danced until midnight.
We did not dance until midnight.
They looked tired after final exams.
They did not look tired after final exams.
Irregular Past Tense Verbs
Irregular verbs have the same past tense form for all subjects.
do did buy bought
have had eat ate
come came run ran
go went take took
Forming the Simple Past with Be
I / He / She / It was in Hong Kong last year.
You / We / They were in Hong Kong last year.
Using the Simple Past
1. Actions that ended in the past
Alvin graduated last June.
2. Habitual past actions
My parents ate at the same restaurant every Friday night for 20 years.
Used to and would can also be used for habitual past actions.
Use the following time words with the simple past
the day before yesterday
a few minutes/hours/days ago
in the 90s
in the past
Practice using the simple past. Correct the errors in verb tense.
As a child I used to watching a lot of TV.
Richard didnt completed the essay on time.
A few years ago he gets married.
Francoise only speaks French when she lived in Paris.
When Katherine and Lee finished the test
Forming the Past Progressive
Use the past form of be (was were) the present participle (-ing).
I / He / She / It was sitting in the garden.
You / We / They were sitting in the garden.
Using the Past Progressive
1. Actions that were in progress at a specific time in the past
In 1995 she was living in Washington DC.
2. One past action interrupted by another past action
While I was eating dinner the phone rang.
3. An ongoing action
Last December I was failing the course. (At this point in time I was failing perhaps I didnt fail the course.)
Last December I failed the course. (I definitely failed the course.)
4. Use the simple past with non-action verbs.
During the test I knew all the answers.
During the test I was knowing all the answers.
Use the following time words with the past progressive
at that time/moment
at the time
in the 1950s/70s
Practice using the past progressive. Correct the errors in verb tense.
Lia was having many friends by the end of the semester.
Ann was take a pronunciation class but dropped it.
I saw my favorite teacher while I ate lunch in the cafeteria.
At 1100 this morning I still slept.
On the second day of the semester I was joining the class.
Forming the Past Perfect
Use the simple past form of have (had) the past participle (-ed/-en) form of the verb.
I / You /He / We / They had started before everyone arrived.
Many verbs have irregular past participles.
Some end in en (taken given eaten driven written).
Others end in t (built meant slept).
Common irregular past participles include been done drunk gone and read.
Using the Past Perfect
1. Past actions that happened before another past action
The rain had stopped by the time we left work.
The students saw the movie after they had read the book.
2. Past actions that happened before a specific past time
Susan had never seen this movie before.
By midnight the party had ended.
The simple past can often replace the past perfect with no change in meaning.
She went to dinner after she had finished the work.
She went to dinner after she finished the work.
When only one past event is mentioned use the simple past not the past perfect.
We used a dictionary during the test.
We had used a dictionary during the test.
Use the following time words with the past perfect
by the time
Practice using the past perfect. Correct the errors in verb tense.
When the movie ended Joan realized her friends left.
Grace had realized that she had left the house unlocked.
She wrote the essay by the time it was due.
We had attended the last lecture yesterday.
The child didnt see a lion before that day.
Check Eye on Editing 2 page 6 Self Check 2
There are four forms of the future.
Simple Future We will get home about 1000.
be going to I am going to take a class next semester.
Present Progressive I am eating at Kis house tonight.
Simple Present Our plane leaves at 500.
Forming the Future
I / You / He / It / We / They will arrive later today.
I / You / He / It / We / They will not wont arrive later today.
Using the Simple Future
The movie will begin at 830.
It will be very hot tomorrow.
I will never tell your secret.
I will drive you to school tomorrow.
Will you take a walk with me
Forming the Future
be going to
I am going to move next summer.
I am not going to move next summer.
You / We / They are going to move next summer.
You / We / They are not going to move next summer.
He / She / It is going to move next summer.
He / She / It is not going to move next summer.
Using the future with be going to
I am going to take five classes next semester.
I think this class is going to be very difficult.
Forming the Future
I am eating dinner with Elena tonight.
I am not eating dinner with Elena tonight.
You / We / They are eating dinner with Elena tonight.
You / We / They are not eating dinner with Elena tonight.
He / She / It is eating dinner with Elena tonight.
He / She / It is not eating dinner with Elena tonight.
Using the future with the present progressive
Plans already made
I am having a vocabulary test tomorrow morning.
Using the future with the simple present
Schedule events or events on a timetable
The bus departs at 600 tomorrow morning.
The performance begins in 15 minutes.
Verbs commonly used in the simple present to refer to the future are arrive begin depart finish leave and start.
Use the following time words with the future
the day after tomorrow
Practice using the future. Correct the errors in verb tense.
Tomas and Ruben going to leave for Mexico.
Zack is a year old next summer.
The final exam tomorrow is difficult.
We will remodeling our house next summer.
Check Eye on Editing 2 page 8 Self Check 3
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