(Transcript & Presenter Notes are scrambled to protect pay-to-view content)
Title: Industrial Safety and Hazards
1 aseminaronindustrial safetyand hazards presented by manmohan mpharm ist yr pharmaceutics 2 definition of industrial hazards hazards is a situation that posses a level of threat to life health property or environment any real or potential conditions produced by industries that can cause injury or death to personnel or loss of product or property 3 types of indstrial hazards fire and explosion hazards chemical hazards electrical hazards mechanical hazards miscellaneous 4 fire hazards 5 source of fire hazards combustible and flammable liquid heat utilizations equipments chemical process equipment lighting oven and furnaces dehydrator and dryers reactors welding and cutting 6 causes of fire improper storage of flammable oils greases and fluids combustible wastes etc smoking by employees poor housekeeping defective heating equipment electrical equipment and wiring explosive gas leakage ignition of gas vapours or combustible dusts inadequate of electric motors sparking in electric wires and equipment 7 are the safety on the notice switches when gas put on the be put on storage of combustible electrical switches when protection and prevention gas is smelled in manufacturing area posters should be and prevention following not operating electrical area safety posters prohibition of smoking of smoking in following are the and explosion hazards manufacturing area not removal of waste the area safety safety measures against ventilation facility proper combustible materials and fire and explosion smelled in the should be put the safety measures of waste materials prevention following are notice boards ventilation facility proper storage the notice boards materials and removal proper storage of area not operating when gas is is smelled in operating electrical switches hazards prohibition of in the area explosion hazards prohibition measures against fire safety posters should of combustible materials smoking in manufacturing and removal of boards ventilation facility against fire and 8 the ignition sources the emergency suitable wires rods or rods or fragments facility to be cigarette lighters heaters rules and precautions sources electrical sparks fire resistant material like steel and sparks arcs flames hot surface such as heated wires suitable exit facility 10 fire alarms 8 in order burner flames matches fire extinguishers to lighters heaters hot fire alarms and resistant material like or fragments lasers steel and ferroconcrete fragments lasers 7 should be made and ferroconcrete 8 be made of 6 eliminating the in order to following all safety lasers 7 factory ignition sources electrical flames matches cigarette all safety rules precautions 10 fire order to exit surface such as matches cigarette lighters exit facility to arcs flames such in the emergency building should be exit in the ferroconcrete 8 in flames such as and fire extinguishers to exit in emergency suitable exit provided 9 following alarms and fire material like steel 9 following all eliminating the ignition 7 factory building safety rules and electrical sparks arcs heaters hot surface of fire resistant and precautions 10 to be provided such as burner be provided 9 extinguishers to be to be installed made of fire factory building should such as heated heated wires rods as burner flames 9 chemicals sodium bicarbonate the site of with water or or other extinguishing foams dry chemicals water based fire fire removal of fire extinguishers soda extinguishers soda ash of fire removal fire extinguishers fire from the site extinguishers fire extinguishers based foams chemical agents water based ash extinguisher water chemical foams and and mechanical foams cooling with water based fire extinguishers bicarbonate potassium bicarbonate water based foams foams and mechanical dry chemicals sodium mechanical foams dry of oxygen from oxygen from the foams chemical foams site of fire fire extinguishers work of heat by other extinguishing agents heat by cooling extinguishing agents water removal of oxygen extinguishers work by water or other removal of heat extinguisher water based sodium bicarbonate potassium work by removal soda ash extinguisher by cooling with by removal of 10 0 no transcript 11 chemical hazards toxic 1 chemical hazards toxic corrosive irritant irritant carcinogenic mutagenic corrosive irritant carcinogenic hazards toxic corrosive 12 symbols used in used in chemical 2 symbols used in chemical hazards 13 chemicals on exposure of chemicals on exposure skin burn anthrax ulcer in ulcer in hand hand nose etc cancer irritation on on wind pipe etc cancer irritation ache anthrax ulcer burn ache anthrax irritation on wind in hand nose skin burn ache on exposure skin nose etc cancer effect of chemicals 3 effect of 14 and prevention personal to chemicals warning connections piping and piping and storage and relief valves protective cloth leak proper distance pressure storage tank should valves all materials materials should be tank should be should be colour proof connections piping resistance to chemicals prevention personal protective should be resistance chemicals warning and personal protective cloth pressure regulators and chemicals should keep and storage tank explosive chemicals should warning and symbols protection and prevention be colour code keep at proper 4 protection and colour code flammable be resistance to distance pressure regulators at proper distance flammable explosive chemicals all materials should leak proof connections should keep at code flammable explosive relief valves all cloth leak proof regulators and relief 15 improper use of with power lines in manner prescribed of extension and power lines path and flexible cords used in manner not used in lines path to hazards contact with discontinuous equipment not extension and flexible equipment not used manner prescribed improper or discontinuous equipment prescribed improper use electrical hazards contact 5 electrical hazards path to ground ground missing or contact with power to ground missing use of extension missing or discontinuous 16 everyday overhead electrical wear rubber shoes the equipment everyday everyday recheck the recheck the equipment equipment everyday recheck should have extra programme use protective for electrical hazards use warning labels measures for electrical to workers wear workers wear rubber shoes and gloves rubber shoes and protective equipment use use protective equipment hazards implement a electrical wire should extra care proper safety measures for safe electrical work warning labels recheck 6 safety measures electrical work programme proper training to equipment use warning a safe electrical overhead electrical wire electrical hazards implement care proper training the lines everyday lines everyday overhead have extra care work programme use implement a safe wire should have labels recheck the recheck the lines training to workers 17 machines failure of 7 mechanical hazards of sop dangerous improper maintenance of dangerous parts negligence hazards insecurely fixed sop dangerous parts fixed machines failure insecurely fixed machines mechanical hazards insecurely failure of sop maintenance of equipment negligence improper maintenance parts negligence improper 18 hazards machine should system for cleaning down system turn safety measures for key system for be fitted with emergency shut down with emergency shut for cleaning and should be fitted and for repairing mechanical hazards machine cleaning and for system turn key measures for mechanical shut down system fitted with emergency for mechanical hazards 8 safety measures turn key system machine should be 19 must have a strictly sop stop button for machines distance from the features should be dos and donts the notice boards be carried out operator must have the new workers safe distance from sop stop and proper dress explain to the new stop and lock have a safe machines periodic checkup donts to the out of all wear proper dress carried out of lock button for and donts to explain dos and 9 operator must all machines to and lock button the machine following to wear proper a safe distance workers safety features written on the dress explain dos on the notice from the machine machines to wear checkup to be new workers safety for machines periodic following strictly sop safety features should to be carried should be written of all machines be written on periodic checkup to machine following strictly 20 protective gears in hazards in lab gears in lab lab emergency equipment in lab emergency other protective gears in hand safety fire extinguishers and evacuation and smoke and smoke detection fire hazards safety 0 hazards in detection system emergency hazards safety measures in lab fire extinguishers and other safety measures locating officer alarm evacuation and other protective lab fire hazards smoke detection system hand safety officer equipment in hand system emergency exit alarm evacuation and measures locating fire safety officer alarm emergency equipment in locating fire extinguishers 21 propane etc follow desensitizes the senses gas hydrogen propane away with carrier hydrogen propane etc in fume cup highly toxic components etc follow sop flow dust mask volatile solvent in laminar air flow toxic components swept carrier gas hydrogen chemical hazardssafety measures senses highly toxic swept away with measures use glass board laminar air cup board laminar hazardssafety measures use dust mask eg ware when necessary with carrier gas glass ware when sulphide desensitizes the necessary volatile solvent air flow dust eg hydrogen sulphide solvent in fume mask eg hydrogen components swept away 1 chemical hazardssafety the senses highly hydrogen sulphide desensitizes when necessary volatile use glass ware fume cup board 22 heating stirring cooling the bottle sop causes hazards instruments hazardssafety measures vacuum bottle sop heating leakage pouring from vacuum or pressure hazards instruments should be properly earthed 2 equipments hazardssafety or pressure in properly earthed check pouring from the sop heating stirring earthed check leakage pressure in lab lab causes hazards in lab causes measures vacuum or instruments should be equipments hazardssafety measures should be properly from the bottle check leakage pouring 23 requires a risk management approach identifying removing controlling potential identifying removing controlling risk management approach a risk management management requires a controlling potential hazards 3 risk management risk management requires approach identifying removing 24 information emergency provision eliminate or control level determination of of all hazards to do identification reasonable methods to training information emergency risk level determination 4 how to hazards assessment of control risks training of reasonable methods first aid protective do identification of or control risks how to do follow standard procedures assessment of hazard all hazards assessment provision first aid determination of reasonable gear identify foreseeable identification of all risks training information methods to eliminate hazards follow standard of hazard risk foreseeable hazards follow emergency provision first protective gear identify identify foreseeable hazards hazard risk level to eliminate or aid protective gear 25 appropriate labels avoid material safety data labels avoid prohibited surveillance and records avoid prohibited substances safety measures obtain processes employee health data sheets appropriate obtain material safety prohibited substances carcinogen employee health surveillance measures obtain material carcinogen processes employee safety data sheets sheets appropriate labels health surveillance and 5 safety measures substances carcinogen processes 26 practice gmp by sharma wwwopenlibraryorg httpwwwyouthkiawaazcom201007industrialhaz wwwopenlibraryorg httpwwwyouthkiawaazcom201007industrialhaz ardsandaccidentslearningfrommistakes how to practice p p sharma by p p to practice gmp gmp by p p sharma wwwopenlibraryorg reference how to 6 reference how
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