Present as new and original an idea or product derived from an existing source.
Stealing someones work and lying about it afterward.
4 Can words and ideas be STOLEN
In the US and many other countries the expression of original ideas is considered intellectual property and is protected by copyright laws just like original inventions.
According to laws established in 1989 works are now copyrighted with or without the inclusion of the symbol.
Almost all forms of expression fall under copyright protection as long as they are recorded in some media (such as a book or computer file).
5 Are all published works copyrighted
Not all published works obtained copyrights.
The Copyright Act protects works that express original ideas or information.
Borrowing limits-You can borrow liberally from
Compilations of readily available info- the phone book.
Works published by US Government.
Facts that are not a result of original research.
Works in public domain.
6 Forms of Plagiarism
Your work Turning in someone elses work as your own.
Copying words from someone else without credit.
Failing to put a quotation in .
Accuracy -giving incorrect information about the source of the quotation.
Changing words but copying the sentence structure of a source without giving credit.
Essential idea still plagiarism
Copying so many words or ideas from a source that it makes up the majority of your work whether you give credit or not.
Example Putting an entire research paper in quotation marks back to back quotations in a body paragraph.
So how do we AVOID plagiarism...
8 Consult with your instructor
If you cant find the answers on our site or are unsure about something you should ask your instructor. He or she will be happy to answer your questions.
Check the guidelines/ MLA Handbook
If you follow them and the rest of the advice from the next practice and this presentation you have no problems with plagiarism. The choice is yours!
9 Planning your paper
Writing an outline-
This is the first and most important step you can take toward preventing plagiarism. If you know you are going to use other sources of information you need to plan how you are going to include them in your paper. Work out a balance between the ideas you have taken from other sources and your own.
Clearly formulate an argument about the information you find will help establish these boundaries.
Your ideas vs. your sources-
Establish the boundaries between your ideas and those of your sources.
10 Take Effective Notes
Thorough notes/ Organize before you begin writing.
Improper Citations and Misquotations are both forms of plagiarism!
Note cards different colored fonts pens pencils-
To avoid confusion about the sources try using different colored fonts pens or pencils for each one. Make sure you clearly distinguish your own ideas from those found elsewhere.
Mark page numbers and Record web addresses RIGHT AWAY-
Get in the habit of marking page numbers and make sure that you record bibliographic information or web addresses for every source right away finding them again later when you are trying to finish the paper can be a nightmare!
11 CITE Sources
Acknowledge material as borrowed. Simply acknowledging that certain material has been borrowed and providing your audience with the information necessary to find that source is usually enough to prevent plagiarism.
12 When In Doubt Cite Sources
This actually strengthens the paper-
Showing you are not just copying but processing and adding them.
Lending support to the ideas that are completely yours.
Highlighting originality of your ideas by making clear distinctions between them and ideas you have gotten somewhere else.
13 Clarity WHO said WHAT
Make it clear-
For example Say you are writing about Harold Blooms discussion of James Joyces opinion of Shakespeare and you write He brilliantly portrayed the situation of a writer in society at that time. Who is the He in the sentence Bloom Joyce or Shakespeare Who is the writer
Mix your own ideas with those of the sources.
Always make sure to distinguish who said what and give credit to the right person.
Do not assume that the reader knows anything!
14 Know How to Paraphrase
Words and sentence structure must be changed
Do not change the content
Citations are STILL REQUIRED
15 Evaluate Your Sources
Not all worth citing- evaluate the validity of a websiteit may not be a reliable/ expert source.
Know the author(s) of the page.
Know when they wrote it.
Website Evaluation Form-
See the criteria attached on the form at the bottom of this web page.
Use this as a tool before using information from Google type searches.
16 Punishment for Plagiarism
most likely handled by the instructors or the institution
If the plagiarism involves money prizes or job placement it constitutes a crime punishable in court
failure of the course and sometimes expulsion
considered misdemeanors punishable by fines anywhere between 100- 50000 and up to one year in jail
Ignorance is not an excuse.
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