1 QUIT An Age of Democracy and Progress 18151914 Chapter Overview Time Line Democratic Reform and Activism 1 SECTION Self-Rule for British Colonies 2 SECTION MAP Expansion and Crisis in the United States 3 SECTION Nineteenth-Century Progress 4 SECTION GRAPH Visual Summary 2 HOME An Age of Democracy and Progress 18151914 Democratic institutions evolve in western Europe North America Australia and New Zealand although native people are suppressed. Industrialization and democracy spur revolutionary changes in the arts and sciences transforming peoples daily lives. 3 HOME An Age of Democracy and Progress 18151914 Time Line 1845 Ireland struck by famine. 1867 Dominion of Canada formed. 1889 Eiffel Tower completed. 1837 Queen Victoria comes to power. 1859 Darwin publishes theory of evolution. 1876 Bell demonstrates telephone. 4 HOME Democratic Reform and Activism Key Idea After considerable struggle Great Britain evolves into a constitutional monarchy while in France the Third Republic emerges as a parliamentary democracy. Women in both nations fail to obtain the right to vote. Overview Assessment 5 HOME Democratic Reform and Activism Overview suffrage Chartist movement Queen Victoria Third Republic Dreyfus affair anti-Semitism Zionism WHY IT MATTERS NOW Spurred by the demands of ordinary people Great Britain and France underwent democratic reforms. During this period Britain and France were transformed into the democracies they are today. Assessment 6 HOME Democratic Reform and Activism 1. List and evaluate seven significant events from this section. Next to each event put a if it expanded democracy a - if it negatively affected democracy and a 0 if it had a mixed impact. Reform Bill of 1832
Expansion of male suffrage in Britain in 1867
Seneca Falls declaration 0 Paris Commune - Third Republic 0 Dreyfus affair - continued . . . 7 HOME Democratic Reform and Activism 1 Section Assessment 2. Reread the excerpt from the Seneca Falls Declaration of Sentiments. Why do you think the members of the Seneca Falls Convention chose to model their demands on the Declaration of Independence ANSWER To show that their demands for rights were as legitimate as the colonists demands for rights from Great Britain To emphasize the injustice of womens unequal status by comparing the tyranny of men to that of King George Possible Responses End of Section 1 8 HOME Self-Rule for British Colonies MAP Key Idea The British colonies of Canada Australia and New Zealand become democratic states within the British empire. In Ireland the struggle for home rule fails. Ireland splits into an independent country and a British province. Overview Assessment 9 HOME Self-Rule for British Colonies MAP Overview dominion Maori Aborigine penal colony home rule WHY IT MATTERS NOW Britain allowed self-rule in Canada Australia and New Zealand but delayed independence for Ireland. Canada Australia and New Zealand are strong democracies today while Ireland is divided and troubled. Assessment 10 HOME Self-Rule for British Colonies MAP 1. Compare progress toward self-rule by recording significant political events in Canada Australia New Zealand and Ireland during the period. Given responsibility for own affairs mid-1800s dominion status 1867 Self-governing set up legislature 1850s male suffrage secret ballot 1850s dominion early 1900s Self-governing set up legislature 1850s women gain suffrage1893 dominion early 1900s Joins the United Kingdom gains representation in Parliament 1801 home rule bill passes but does not take effect 1914 southern Ireland becomes dominion 1921 becomes independent 1949 continued . . . 11 HOME Self-Rule for British Colonies MAP 2 Section Assessment 2. How was Great Britains policy towards Canada beginning in the late 1700s similar to its policy towards Ireland in the 1900s THINK ABOUT the creation of Upper and Lower Canada the division of Ireland into Northern Ireland and the Irish Free State ANSWER In both Britain created political divisions to resolve conflicts. Possible Response continued . . . 12 HOME Self-Rule for British Colonies MAP 2 Section Assessment 3. At various times England encouraged emigration to each of the colonies covered in this section. What effects did this policy have on these areas THINK ABOUT cultural divisions in Canada native peoples in Canada Australia and New Zealand political divisions in Ireland ANSWER In Canada Australia and New Zealand the British displaced the native populations (in Canada conflicts with French caused creation of Upper and Lower Canada). Religious differences became political division between northern and southern Ireland. Possible Responses End of Section 2 13 HOME Expansion and Crisis in the United States Key Idea The United States expands to the Pacific Ocean. The Civil War ends slavery preserves the Union and speeds the industrial development of the North. After the war the country experiences an unprecedented economic boom. Overview Assessment 14 HOME Expansion and Crisis in the United States Overview manifest destiny Abraham Lincoln secede U.S. Civil War Emancipation Proclamation segregation WHY IT MATTERS NOW The United States expanded across North America and fought a bloody civil war. The 20th-century movements to ensure civil rights for African Americans and Hispanics are a legacy of this period. Assessment 15 HOME Expansion and Crisis in the United States 3 Section Assessment 1. Look at the graphic to help organize your thoughts. List the major events in the United States in the 19th century. 1853 Gadsden Purchase 1838 Trail of Tears 1819 Florida Cession 1846-47 Mexican-American War 1863 Emancipation Proclamation 1865-77 Reconstruction 1803 Louisiana Purchase 1836 Texas independence 1848 Mexican Cession 1845 Texas Annexation 1869 Transcontinental railroad completed 1861-65 Civil War continued . . . 16 HOME Expansion and Crisis in the United States 3 Section Assessment 2. Reread the quotation from William Shorey Coodey. What facts are conveyed in his statement What opinionsjudgment beliefs or feelingsdoes he express about the Trail of Tears How does he use his description of events to help justify his opinions ANSWER Facts elements of weather people present eviction taking place Opinions description of thunder as divine indignation at the wrong done to my poor and unhappy countrymen and at the brutal power of the whites Possible Responses continued . . . 17 HOME Expansion and Crisis in the United States 3 Section Assessment 3. Imagine that circumstances had forced the North to surrender to the South in the Civil War. Therefore two countries shared the region now occupied by the United States. What economic effects might this have had on the North the South the region as a whole THINK ABOUT the issue of slavery the impact of the Civil War postwar economic expansion of the United States ANSWER If the North had surrendered it probably wouldnt have developed as much industrially slowing settlement of the West. The South would have remained agricultural and the economy of the country as a whole probably would not have grown as fast. Possible Responses End of Section 3 18 HOME Nineteenth-Century Progress GRAPH Key Idea Key inventions new theories in physics and biology and medical advances transform daily life for many people. New technologies and growing democratic institutions create a mass culture in the United States. Overview Assessment 19 HOME Nineteenth-Century Progress GRAPH Overview assembly line mass culture Charles Darwin theory of evolution radioactivity psychology WHY IT MATTERS NOW Breakthroughs in science and technology transformed daily life and entertainment. Electric lights telephones cars and many other conveniences of modern life were invented during this period. Assessment 20 HOME Nineteenth-Century Progress GRAPH 4 Section Assessment 1. List the inventors scientists and thinkers covered in this section and connect them with the invention discovery or new idea for which they were responsible. Gregor Mendel genetics Joseph Lister antiseptic Thomas Edison light bulb Edwin S. Porterfeature film Charles Darwin theory of evolution Henry Ford assembly line Ernest Rutherford subatomic particles Alexander Graham Bell telephone Marie and Pierre Curie radium polonium Wilbur and Orville Wright airplane Ivan Pavlov conditioned response Guglielmo Marconi radio John Dalton atomic theory Sigmund Freud psychoanalysis Dmitri Mendeleev periodic table Louis Pasteur germ theory continued . . . 21 HOME Nineteenth-Century Progress GRAPH 4 Section Assessment 2. How is the mass culture that rose at the end of the 19th century similar to mass culture today How is it different Explain your response. THINK ABOUT the role of technology increase in leisure time new forms of entertainment ANSWER Similarities New technology and leisure still shape mass culture forms of mass entertainment such as movies still are popular. Differences Newer technology such as the Internet has transformed how people share culture mass culture has become big business and is more global. Possible Responses End of Section 4
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