Title: Andrew Summerville MacBride One of the most influential Masons in Scottish History
1 Andrew Summerville MacBrideOne of the most influential Masons in Scottish History Lodge Mt Faber No.1825 23rd August 2004
By Bro Colin Macdonald
RWM Lodge Ailsa 1172 SC
Bro. Angus N. MacInnes P.P.G.M. Dunbartonshire P.M. Lodge St Patrick No.1309 Master Lodge Century No. 1492 - A Fascinating Ideal
Bro. Andrew Pryde P.M. Lodge Leven St John No.170 - Letters to Lodge Ailsa
Bro Hugh Bryson - Past Dist. G.M of the FE - Collaboration on various documents for the MacBride Installation Ritual (Chair Degree)
Bro. J. Agnew P Secty Lodge Leven St John - Brief Story of the Life Work of Andrew S. MacBride
Bro Andy Cromwell PM Lodge Progress Glasgow No. 873 - Letters to Lodge Ailsa
Bro Jim Campbell (RWM) and Bro. Andrew Hosie Lodge Burnside 1361 SC - various eMails
Bro Joseph Fort Newton - The Builder January 1917 - A Great Masonic Teacher - A.S.MacBride
3 W Bro. Andrew Sommerville MacBride J.P.
Past Depute Prov. G.M. Dumbarton
PM Lodge Leven St John No. 170 (1867-1898)
PM Lodge Progress Glasgow No. 873 (1900-1901)
Renton Scotland 1843 - 1923
4 Orientation 5 Dunbartonshire Scotland 6 The Vale of Leven 7 Loch Lomond to the Clyde 8 Renton 1864 9 Renton 1864 10 Renton at the Turn of Last Century 11 North British Railway Company 12 MacBride worked in the Local Dyeing Industry Govan Weavers Apron 13 The Bawbee Brig 14 Thirsty Work Prepare my dear Brethren to the tavern lets fly Robbie Burns song - 1782 15 Masonic Processions 16 Old Black Bull Inn 17 Burns Inauguration 1787 18 Bonhill-Alexandria Lodge No 321 Office Bearers - 1867 19 A.S. MacBride - President of the Scottish Football Association 1875-76 20 Various Documents 21 The Lodge Building at Renton 1915 1892 22 The MacBride Ritual (1947 Reprint) 23 The Standard Scottish vs The MacBride Ritual 24 The Standard Scottish vs The MacBride Ritual 25 MacBrides Speculative Masonry
First of all its style is the native speech of Masonry--simple lucid and aglow with poetic light and beauty. There are passages that haunt you like noble music when the book has been laid aside.
Second it is a book of vision in which Masonry is shown to be a wise clear-seeing practical Moral Idealism touched with spiritual meanings and taught in symbols parables emblems and dramas.
Third it is a book of careful painstaking reliable scholarship--three things which make it one of the real classics of the Order
Bro Rev Joseph Fort Newton
26 MacBrides Speculative Masonry
Part I THE MISSION OF SPECULATIVE MASONRY
The Mission Generally Considered
The Law of the Square
The Quarries or Selection of the Material
The Lodge or the Preparation of the Material
The Temple or the Consummation of The Mission
Part II THE EVOLUTION OF SPECULATIVE MASONRY
Origins Ascribed to Masonry
Ancient Symbolism and Mysteries
The Roman Collegia and Medieval Guilds
The French Compnionage
The German Stein-Metzen
The Old British Lodges
Part III THE LANDMARKS OF SPECULATIVE MASONRY
The Nature and Division of the Landmarks
Misconceptions Regarding the Landmarks
The Landmarks and Progress
27 MacBride Landmarks
(Usages that mark the Masonic from the Outer World)
Section A A mode of recognition by its members.
Section B The Tyling of its Lodge Meetings.
Section C The qualifications of its candidates.
28 MacBride Landmarks
(Usages that mark the Degrees of Masonry)
Section A A mode of recognising the members of one Degree from those of another.
Section B The Tyling of the Meetings of each Degree separately.
Section C The conditions of advancement from one Degree to another.
29 MacBride Landmarks
(Usages that mark the various ceremonies)
Section A The principal points in opening and closing a Lodge.
Section B The principal points in Entering Passing and Raising.
Section C The principal points in Consecration Installation Foundation and Funeral Ceremonies.
30 MacBride Landmarks
(Usages that mark Official Powers and Duties and Private Rights and Duties)
Section A The Powers and Duties of the Grand Master Grand Officers and of Grand Lodge.
Section B The Powers and Duties of the Master and Officers of the Lodge.
Section C The Rights and Duties of Private Members.
31 The Lodge - Its Chief End
The true mason lodge provides an environment for the development of the nobler nature of man for the formation or building up of high character. Character is built of the thoughts which we allow to grow and multiply within our minds. It is the souls habitation built of thoughts and by thought just as the crustacean builds his shell.
To provide a suitable environment wherein this work may be carried on the Lodge is isolated from all the ordinary conditions of life. The influences in human society that make for war and strife are excluded. Sect and party creed and politics are forbidden. The lodge is not antagonistic to the world outside but it must be kept separate and distinct from it-it must be close tyled so that a suitable sphere for the work of true building may be formed.
This is the true Lodge of human brotherhood and it exists for the building of the Temple. It is the workshop wherein the souls of men may be shaped moulded and made fit for the Great Ideal Temple.
32 The Lodge - Its Chief End
This is the Chief End-the Alpha and the Omega of a lodge. This and not the petty prosperity of a Pounds-shillings-and-pence-balance the tinsel eclat of a crowd of intrants or the beggarly boast of a rank-and title membership-this mighty wide embracing lodge of ennobled humanity is alone worthy of our devotion and of our labours. We can scarcely desire a more exalted ideal we should never be content with a lesser one.
Everywhere around us to-day we hear the sound of discord and strife Abroad blind passion and mad ambition soak the earth with human blood and fill the air with cries of agony. At our doors labour unrest vice crime poverty and disease are working havoc quite as great and all the while politicians quibble and quarrel over petty policies scientists spend their time in fierce debate as to the constitution of an atom and clerics waste their energies in bitter strife over the loaves and fishes.
33 The Lodge - Its Chief End
Where we cry is there neutral ground where all these conflicting elements may be hushed to peace and where good men of all conditions creeds and colour may meet in the bonds of Brotherhood
There is only one spot on earth we know of that fulfils this condition and that is here in the mason lodge.
Here all may meet together on a common level as children of the One Great Father members of the same human family and brethren of the same mystic tie.
34 MacBrides Installation Ceremony 35 The Installation Ceremony
Murray Lyon in his work remarks Previous to the introduction into Scotland of Symbolical Masonry advancement to the chief office in Lodges was unmarked by any ceremonial further than the exaction of an oath of fealty from the newly-elected brother.
With the introduction of high Masonry came the dogma that no brother could legally preside in a Lodge until his reception of the Chair degree. This step originally bore some resemblance to the chairing which is clandestinely practiced in many Scottish Lodges of the present day (1873) - a ceremony in which order and misrule are made alternately to predominate in order the more impressively to inspire the novitiate with a sense of the dignity and responsibility that pertains to the president of a Lodge of Freemasons. This mock installation will now disappear before the Installed Masters ritual recently adopted by Grand Lodge.
36 The Installation Ceremony
It was in 1872 at the February communication that the Grand Lodge of Scotland first recognised the Past Masters ceremonial of Installation. Previous to that date it was generally conducted in Scotland in the manner I have here tried to describe as my experience in 1867.
It should be noted that the whole ceremony of Installation in 1867 was conducted while the Lodge was in the first degree in accordance with the Grand Lodge law then existing. In a copy of the Laws and Constitutions of the Grand Lodge dated 1852 this law is stated thus The installation of the whole of the office-bearers of a Lodge including the Master shall be held in it just and perfect Lodge opened in the Apprentice Degree.
37 The Installation Ceremony
To-day in Scotland the Lodge must be opened in the first degree in which the Charges are read and the oath is administered. The new Master and the installed Masters then retire to another room where the Chair Rite is performed.
It is therein stated An account of the early Irish practice in Caementaria Hibernica disclosed why in Andersons time it was not necessary to exclude those who were not Installed Masters In Ireland they retired behind the chair of the S.W. and faced the West.
In Scotland it is not recognised as a degree. It is sometimes called a ceremony and sometimes a rite for the Grand Lodge has always maintained that there are only three degrees in Masonry - Apprentice Fellow-Craft and Master - and it holds that the Mark Ceremony forms a part of the Fellow-Craft degree and that the Installed Masters Rite is a part of the Installation Ceremony.
38 Andrew MacBride The YoungerPM Lodge Progress No.873 39 The Lodge Master
His Nomination Election and Installation
Powers and Privileges
Hints to Masters
Powers and Privileges of the Master
Limitations of the Masters Powers
Duties of a Master
Lodge Business and Work
40 The Lodge Master
1. Upright Character
2. Sound judgment
3. Knowledge of Masonry
4. Mental Ability
41 The Lodge Master
His Nomination Election and Installation
Nomination and election at the same meeting gives the opportunity for a coup detat. Such rash action is rare in the Mason Lodge yet it is not wise to tempt human nature with the opportunity
1-That the candidates nominated are in good standing.
2-That the proposers and seconders are also in good standing.
3-That the election is in the 3rd Degree.
4-That the book of the Laws and Constitution of the Grand Lodge is laid in front of the Chair.
42 The Lodge Master
Powers and Privileges
43 The Lodge Master
Hints to Masters
1. THE MASTER should not be labourer builder and everything. His function is to superintend and direct the work.
2. Allocate various parts to your Depute and substitute Master so that they may assist and relieve you.
3. Have a meeting of office-bearers as soon after the election as possible to arrange your work and to enter your duties enthusiastically.
4. Remember it is the Masters work to plan and to draw out the plan.
5. Give encouragement to anyone who wishes to work and bear in mind that your own Members have the first claim on your assistance and encouragement.
6. Dont parade your authority but prove yourself worthy of the power placed in your hands by using it as seldom as possible
7. Remember the best Master is he who best serves the Craft.
44 The Lodge Master
Powers and Privileges of the Master
1. The Lodge cannot sit in judgment on him
2. Any charge against him by any members of the Lodge or the Craf tmust be formulated by petition to the Grand Lodge.
3. Grand Lodge cannot suspend or censure him without a regular process.
4. He can summon special meetings of the Lodge.
5. He is Ex-Officio member of all committees and unless he has agreed to another Convener being appointed he is Convener of all committees.
6. He plans the order of Lodge Business and of Lodge Labour
7. In all points of order his decision is final and all must work according to his Plan and Instructions.
8. He can call on any Brother to work for him but unless the Brother is an Installed Master he cannot occupy the Chair.
9. He can refuse to put to the Lodge any motion which he considers contrary to the Laws of the land the landmarks of the Order or the Grand Lodge Laws.
10. He can order any Brother to retire from the Lodge.
11. He can personally bring any dispute between him and the Lodge under the consideration of the Grand Lodge..
12. To the Lodge he is the Interpreter of the Laws of the Grand Lodgewhich he is bound to interpret to the best of his ability.
13. For the due execution and administration of the Grand Lodge Laws and the Lodge Byelaws he is responsible to Grand Lodge
45 The Lodge Master
Limitations of the Masters Powers
1. AT THE end of twelve months the Lodge may elect another Master.
2. He is responsible to the Grand Lodge both for his own acts and those of his Lodge.
3. Without petition from his Lodge the Grand Lodge may call him to accountand by regular process proceed to try him.
4. He is bound to observe strict morality of personal life and conduct to conform to the Laws of the realm to respect the Landmarks of the Order.
5. For Lodge business he cannot hand over the mallet unless to the officers of the Lodge according to precedence.and to an Installed Master.
7. In his absence from the Lodge the Chair is filled according to precedence.
8. If a Master wants to do some work or to do some business which in the circular calling the meeting the members do not wish to consider or to do they can adopt legal means of obstruction.
9. If a Master wants to stop a certain business or work refuses to allow a motion or to do the work the members can constitutionally proceed by various methods
10. He cannot shift the date and hour of the regular Lodge Meetings.
11. He cannot refuse permission to a Brother to retire when the Brother pleads
(a) the necessities of nature (b) public or family duty (c) dissatisfaction with and protest against the proceedings (d) his disagreement with some Brother or Brethren
12. The interpretation of its own Bye-Laws lie with the Lodge and not with the Master.
13. His decisions and conduct are subject to appeal to Grand Lodge
46 The Lodge Master
Duties of a Master
The first and all-important duty for a Master is to enlighten himself.
The profit and pleasure of the brethren depend on the Master doing his duties well.
Get the aid and assistance of experienced Past Masters.
The young Master should study the best Masonic Authors
47 The Lodge Master
Lodge Business and Work
It will be useful for the Master clearly to distinguish between Lodge Business and Work.
Business refers to matters of Minutes Records ReportsFinance Laws and Bye-Laws.
Work refers to the various ceremonies instruction lectures all that matters for the building and enlightenment of its members in Masonry.
The first appertains to the organisation of the Lodge the second to the teaching of Masonry
48 The Lodge Master
In 1872 Grand Lodge of Scotland recognised the Installed Masters Rite or Ceremony
Done to impress the dignity of office on the members of the Craft generally.
Should be carried out carefullyseriously and deliberatley so as to produce an atmosphere of dignity discipline and diligence
Master has full authority until successor completely installed and if he chooses install the Master-Elect himself.
49 Lodges known to work the MacBride Ritual
Lodge Leven St John No. 170 Scotland
Lodge Progress No. 873 Scotland
Lodge St Patrick No. 1309 Scotland
Lodge Burnside No. 1361 Scotland
Lodge Govanhill (In Darkness) Scotland
Lodge Ailsa No. 1172 Singapore
50 Establishment of Lodge Ailsa in Singapore - 1918 51 The Lodge Ailsa MacBride Ritual Mystery 52 Extract from a letter from Bro. Andrew Pryde PM Lodge Progress No. 873 to Bro Joe Fernandez PM Lodge Ailsa No. 1172
8th April 2002
As to how the situation in Lodge Ailsa came to be is as follows-
In 1972 brother David Liddell Grainger was the Grand Master Mason and he requested through the Grand Secretary permission from me as the Right Worshipful Master of Lodge Progress No. 873 that as we worked the McBride ritual and that brother Andrew McBride was a founder member of our Lodge and that his son young Andrew McBride had also been a Right Worshipful Master of the Lodge would I since it was a restricted ritual send him a copy to be sent to your Lodge.
I discussed the request with young Andrew and the old PMs and it was agreed that since it was personal from the GMM they would endorse my decision to submit a copy to him. I sent my own copies to the Grand Secretary who had it copied and sent me back my own copies (they are very scarce) and thats was the last I heard of it. (I did not even know until I saw your yearbook last year) that it was your Lodge to whom the ritual and permission to use it had been given. Since you obviously work the four degrees I wonder if you use the McBride Installation Ceremony because I never gave Grand Secretary copy of it.
Lodge Ailsas records were destroyed during the Japanese Occupation
The first working after the Occupation in April 1946 mentions confirming the Duties and Minutes of the last meeting on the 10th February 1942 four days prior to the Occupation.
These Duties refer to the MacBride Ritual
Bro Andrew Prydes letter may refer to a simple replacement copy
Did Lodge Ailsa work the MacBride Ritual from its Inauguration
Could there be American Lodges working the MacBride Ritual through the influence of Bro Joseph Fort Newton
54 Minor Differences but Landmarks Remain 55 Lodge Ailsa Web Page
56 The Sound of Masonry
The Ritual is the Sound of Masonry
But you must find the Soul in the Sound
So that you are able to discern between good and bad practices
By studying the meanings of the Ceremonies and Symbols
Bro Andrew MacBride PM Lodge Progress Glasgow No.873 The Lodge Master 57 In Conclusion
Andrew Sommerville MacBride came from a small town and humble beginnings
Through serious effort he managed to revise some of the negative practices which had crept into the rituals.
He analysed and re-wrote the ritual based on a love and understanding of the symbolism and meaning of the Craft
He made a substantial change to Freemasonry in Scotland and eventually some of the US Lodges and mentoring systems
We are still talking about and trying to understand the magnitude of his efforts today
He was one of the most influential Masons in recent Scottish History because of what he did inside Masonry not who he was on the outside.
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