Differs from transformational because it does not individualize followers needs or focus on their personal development
Transactional leadership is an exchange you scratch my back Ill scratch yours. The idea is to advance both parties agendas by helping each other.
This can be influential because in order for the followers to succeed the leader must be successful as well.
5 Transformational Leadership
Contingent Reward an exchange process between leaders and followers in which effort by followers is exchanged for specific rewards. The leader tries to obtain agreements from followers on what must be done and what the payoffs will be for the people doing it.
Management by Exception involves corrective criticism negative feedback and negative enforcement.
2 forms active and passive
Active watches followers closely for mistakes or rule violations and then takes corrective action.
Passive the leader intervenes only after standards have not been met or problems have arisen.
Sets clear goals with rewards for making them (however problems if they are not met)
Can be seen as a reward/punishment system
Leader is concerned with their own status quo and will put themselves before the followers
Management for exception is a poor example of a supervisor
Offers few advantages to followers and can be very unhappy work environment
11 Team Leadership
Team leadership is the most rapidly growing area of current research
Team organizational groups composed of members who are interdependent who share common goals and who must coordinate the actives to accomplish these goals.
Team work is characteristic of the Millennial generation (thats you!)
12 Team Leadership
Effective team performance begins with the leaders mental model of the situation. This model consists of both the problem confronting the team and the environment.
A good team leader is flexible and has a wide repertoire of actions or skills to meet the teams diverse needs.
The leader has special responsibility for functioning in a manner that will help the group achieve effectiveness. Leadership behavior is seen as team based problem solving by analyzing the internal and external situation and then selecting the appropriate behaviors to ensure team effectiveness.
13 (No Transcript) 14 Team Leadership
1st decision take action or observe
2nd decision determine the general task or relational function of the intervention that is needed.
Final decision intervene at the internal level (with the team itself) or external level (the teams environment)
15 Team Leadership 16 Team Leadership
Internal Task Leadership Actions
Structuring for results (planning visioning organizing clarifying roles delegating)
Facilitating decision making
Training team members in task completion
Maintaining standards of excellence (assessing team and individual performance confronting inadequate performance)
17 Team Leadership
External Environment Leadership Actions
Networking and forming alliances in environment
Advocating and representing team to environment
Negotiation upward to secure necessary resources support and recognition for team
Buffering team members from environmental distractions
Assessing environmental indicators of teams effectiveness
Sharing relevant environmental information with the team
18 Team Leadership 19 Team Leadership
Research was focused on real-life organizational work groups and the leadership needed therein
Helps leaders design and maintain effective teams especially when performance is below standards
Takes into account the changing role of leaders and followers in organizations
Theory can help in the selection of team leaders
20 Team Leadership
Model has not been completed supported or tested
Teams are very complex and therefore hard to work with in (or explain)
Does not offer on the spot answers to specific situation for the team leader
Northouse P.G. (2007) Leadership Theory and Practice. Sage Publications Inc. Thousand Oaks CA.
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