4 Cities are vulnerable to disaster risk because of - (2)
Increased risk of industrial/technological hazards - (secondary impacts eg. fire/radiation)
Densely packed housing - health risk
Disruption to draining channels due to uncontrolled urban growth - flooding
Inadequate management or provision of services - waste sewage disposal clean water access
The poor building informal settlements on low quality land which are important . banks
5 Vulnerability of the Asian Region Asia is famous for its great diversities and also for disparities . Half of the total world population live in Eight disaster prone countries China India Indonesia Bangladesh Japan Philippines Vietnam Thailand 6 Top Two Worst Disasters in Asia 2004
Typhoon Nanmadol Philippines (November) winds of 220 km/hr - at least 412 deaths
Indian Ocean Tsunami and EQ (December) - Affecting Indonesia Sri Lanka India Bangladesh Malaysia Thailand Maldives - death toll at least 212000
7 Top Two Worst Disasters in Asia in 2006
The 2 deadliest disasters of 2006 were both in Asia
-Indonesian EQ (May) killing 5778
-Typhoon Durian (Philippines Dec.) killing 1399
8 Earthquake Vulnerability in Asia 9 Earthquakes in Asia
The Pacific rim experiences 90 of all the worlds earthquakes.
In 1976 China had the most deadly earthquake ever known. It killed 800000 people.
More than 50 cities in Asia with a population greater than 1000000 are at significant risk for an earthquake.
Recent major events are Iran in 2003 Indonesia in 200420052006 Pakistan in 2005
10 Flood Vulnerability in Asia 11 Flooding in Asia
The year 2000 saw the worst flooding in 60 years for Vietnams Mekong Delta region 40 years for Cambodia 35 years for Laos and in a century for western Bangladesh and West Bengal India.
Year 2007 August Floods in India Nepal and Bangladesh caused significant economic losses
Recent events in 2007 show major threat is from flash floods which is evident from Nepal Bhutan Thailand Philippines
12 Cyclones/Typhoon Exposure in Asia 13 Cyclones/Typhoons in Asia
There were 95 major storms in SE Asia and the Pacific regions between 1980-2000.
Since 1970 cyclones have killed an estimated 1.5 million in Bangladesh.
The October 1999 storm surge in Orissa India affected 15 million people killed 9500 people destroyed 3 million homes and left seven million people homeless.
Recent major events were in Karachci Pakistan in 2007 Vietnam and Philippines in 2006
14 Volcano Occurrence 15 Volcanoes in Asia
Of the 16 largest eruptions in the last two centuries five occurred in Asia. Three of these all in Indonesia killed 130000 people.
The eruption of Mt. Pinatubo in 1991 was the second largest eruption of the 20th century.
The Philippines Indonesia and Papua New Guinea are all at significant risk for volcanic eruptions.
Mt. Pinatubo 1991 16 Asian Cities at Risk
37 of Asias population lived in cities by 2000 this will rise to 60 by 2025
More than 50 cities in Asia with a population greater than 1000000 are at significant risk from an EQ
Rural to urban migration accounts for 64 of city growth in Asia
Of the 10 largest Asian cities 7 are prone to multi hazard risks and are awaiting a catastrophic event
Hyderabad (Pakistan) Dagupan (Philippines) Kalutara (Sri Lanka) Da
Nang (Vietnam) - linked to watersheds river basins or at risk coastal belts
Aim to reduce vulnerability of urban communities to hydro-
meteorological disasters in S SE Asia to measurably alleviate human
suffering prevent loss of life and reduce the potential for physical and
economic damage through
City demonstration projects
Regional national capacity building
Advocacy for mainstreaming of risk management in urban governance
Regional network information dissemination
25 (No Transcript) 26 PROMISE - PhilippinesDagupan City
Problem reduced capacity of rivers due to heavy rains upstream bank erosion clogging channel transport of lahar material - causing floods (eg. 1990)
Technical Working Group -plan monitor document train and maintain
Capacity building of community authorities
Work with stakeholders
Risk Communication Plan
Institutional change - Disaster Preparedness Day (July 16th)
27 ADPC Urban Strategy Asia 2020
ADPC and partners working with 100 cities to reduce urban vulnerability and build disaster resilient communities through 4 strategies
Planning and Building Safer Cities
Emergency Management Response Planning for Cities
Public Awareness Campaigns
Knowledge Development Capacity Building
28 Specific Action
How- to resource toolkits that translate awareness into action
Specific UDRM focussed courses targeted at city national officials private sector developers
Partnerships with urban authorities regional city networks (Citynet ICMA IULA ICLEZ)
Safer sister city partnerships network
29 Linking Climate Change to Urban Risk Reduction
Study areas where improvement to governance structure is needed to enhance resilience of the poor communities in the urban coastal low-lying areas
Analyse trends in primary (meteorological) events and secondary impacts (health hazards slope destabilization etc) in built up areas to assess consequences of sea level rise impact in urban coastal areas
The scientific community in Asia has not yet undertaken adequate interest in conducting multi- sectoral studies to understand prepare inventories of the climate change impacts on coastal ecosystems
30 Long Term Strategies for DRR
There is an urgent need to make risk mitigation one of the essential components of urban governance and creating policy legal and institutional arrangements to ensure safer urban communities
The city level risk maps using GPS and RS techniques transforming the community knowledge into formal products can be integrated in other maps to see the changing risk scenario
Ensure access to information by public
Urban community based approach to convert the victimized communities to a resource
31 Long Term Strategies for DRR (2)
Participatory approach for scenario building risk assessment action planning can also generate much needed awareness
Ensuring safer housing shelter capable of withstanding hazard events require quality assurance of housing construction and infrastructure as an essential part of urban risk reduction
Making the private sector partner in development means it should also shoulder some responsibility in urban DRR
32 Long Term Strategies for DRR (3)
Activating poor and motivating them to become resilient against natural calamities is an answer to the key issue of poverty reduction
Vulnerability reduction should be integrated into the development process so that it can contribute to sustainability empowerment community resilience
Support the implementation aspects of Hyogo Framework of Action create more awareness about HFA
Advocate strongly for decentralization of disaster risk management functions to local government sector integrating in other sector based programs as a routine practice to facilitate building safer communities
Mainstream DRR into local governance
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