List likes and dislikes for livestock in regards to animal handling
Define flight zone
3 Domestic Livestock
All domestic livestock have contact with humans at some point in their lives.
Reducing stress during these interactions makes livestock more productive by reducing stress hormones that can negatively impact economic factors such as growth rate and feed efficiency.
4 Domestic Livestock
Calm animals are less likely to injure themselves have carcass damage
Viewing human-animal contact from an animals point of view makes handling less stressful
5 Animal Reactions
An animals reaction to people depends on prior experience and the animals genetic makeup.
6 Animal Reactions
Past unpleasant associations with people make animals skittish when they are moved or handled.
7 Animal Reactions
Good experiences with people make the livestock easier to handle. However some animals are genetically programmed to be more cautious and nervous.
8 The Way They See
Livestock have wide-angle vision they see most of the world surrounding them
A small blind spot exists directly to the rear of animals
9 Likes and Dislikes
Livestock generally avoid and dislike
changes in flooring type or elevation
moving from light into darkness
10 Likes and Dislikes
Most livestock are social animals preferring to move in groups
11 Flight Zone
Livestock also have a flight zone or personal space
When a person enters this area animals will retreat
12 Flight Zone
The point of balance is at the animals shoulder
Entry into the
flight zone from
one side will cause
the animal to
retreat in the
13 Flight Zone
Entering a flight zone from the rear of the point of the shoulder will generally cause animals to move forward.
14 Flight Zone
Flight zone entry ahead of the point of the shoulder generally causes animals to turn.
15 (No Transcript) 16 Entering the Flight Zone
When the handler enters the flight zone the animals will turn away
17 Leaving the Flight Zone
When the handler is outside the flight zone the animals will turn and face the handler and maintain a safe distance.
18 Handler Movement
Handler movement pattern to keep cattle moving into the squeeze chute in a curved chute system.
19 Handler Movement
Handler movement pattern to keep cattle moving into a squeeze chute or restrainer
20 Your Assignment
Design an animal handling facility that allows animals to flow from
a catch pen
into a crowd alley
and then into a restraint device
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