Died 1883 in London having only written 3 of the planned 8 volumes of Das Kapital.
3 Jenny von Westphalen
Marx adored Jenny.
They were engaged for seven years before her family would allow a marriage.
They lived off her wealth.
He died soon after her not wishing to be alone without her.
Marx was a communist.
He wrote The Communist Manifesto with his friend Friedrich Engels in 1848.
He had three kinds of writing
Analysis of society and culture.
5 Engels on Marx
His real mission in life was to contribute in one way or another to the overthrow of capitalist society and of the state institutions which it had brought into being to contribute to the liberation of the modern proletariat
Communism is a political philosophy which argues that men should have equal rights to wealth.
Marxism is a way of understanding and analysing the organisation and structure of society. It is also a way of understanding how societies develop and change.
7 Marxs role in history
When Marx died he was not well known except in revolutionary circles.
After his death his writing prompted a number of politicians to lead revolutions in his name.
Many of these societies were totalitarian.
His philosophy underlies the thinking of many political parties old Labour for example.
8 Conflict theory
All societies are divided into two groups
Our society is capitalist.
Owners are BOURGEOISIE
Workers are PROLETARIANS
9 Marx on history
The HISTORY of all hitherto existing society is the history of class struggle.
10 Owners and workers
Owners EXPLOIT workers and live off the money which the workers earn
Workers put up with this inequality because
They are oppressed wage slaves and cannot fight the system
They are indoctrinated by ideology and religion into believing what they are told by the POWERFUL.
11 Marx on the workers
The worker becomes all the POORER the more wealth he produces the more his production increases in power and range.
12 Cardiff (Wales) Who paid 13 Marx and The Revolution - 1
Marx predicted that wealth would belong to fewer and fewer people.
The workers would eventually realise their position and overthrow the bourgeoisie
EQUALITY FOR ALL- social economic- In the beginning .. Small STATE (GOVT) .. Eventually withers (fades) away
14 Marx and The Revolution - 2
There would be an armed revolution which would begin in Britain.
It would happen in the very near future.
15 What happened
The biggest problem with Marxism is that the predicted revolution never occurred in the form he said it would.
Governments Great Britain Germany France- labor REFORMS .. The JOB Shorter hours work week.. The JOB safer environment.. Socialism Health care.. Improvements in living conditions - water supply sewage fire dept police dept - FREE education public transportation
16 What happened
People are not poorer.- Emergence / development of MIDDLE CLASS
LIFE IMPROVED- inventions .. Electricity- leisure .. Parks theater sports basketball soccer baseball
Wealth is not concentrated in the hands of a few rich people.
Britain hasnt had a Communist revolution yet and is not likely to in the near future.
17 Marx in his own words - 1
Men make their own history but they do not make it just as they please they do not make it under circumstances chosen by themselves but under circumstances directly found given and transmitted from the past. The tradition of all the dead generations weighs like a nightmare on the brain of the living.
18 Marx in his own words - 2
HISTORY REPEATS ITSELF first as tragedy second as farce.
- RIGID social class structures - Rome Patricians vs Plebians - Middle Ages gentry vs peasants - Absolutism monarchs vs peasants
19 Marx in his own words - 3
In bourgeois society capital is independent and has individuality while the living person is dependent and has no individuality.
Marxism is a political philosophy
Marxism is an understanding of the nature of social economic relationships - upper class vs lower class- owners vs workers
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