1 (No Transcript) 2 Professional Learning Communities (PLCs)
3 -- Eric Hoffer 1972 In times of drastic change it is the learners who inherit the future. The learned usually find themselves beautifully equipped to live in a world that no longer exists. 4 A PLC is . . .
Every teacher is a leader Every leader is a teacher.
In a PLC School learning applies as much to teachers
administrators and parents as to students.
Focus on instruction curriculum and assessment.
Cooperation vs. competition
Focus intensely on the mission vision goals and values.
Improvement of the whole vs. striving to get ahead
5 Professional Learning Communities at Work
Mission Vision Values and Goals.
Changing Your Schools Culture.
Planning a PLC-Model School.
6 The Four Keys to a Successful PLC Mission Clarifies Priorities/ Sharpens Focus Vision Gives Direction Values Guides Behavior Goals Establish Priorities 7
Why do we exist
8 Mission Schools exist because their mission is learning.
Questions to ask as Educators
What is it we expect all students to learn
How will we know when they have
How will we respond when they dont learn
How will we respond when they already know it
9 --Yogi Berra 1947
Youve got to be very careful if you dont know where you are going because you might not get there.
What do we hope to become at some point in the future
Questions to ask as
Educators with a Vision
What are the essentials for our students
If we did an excellent job with the essentials
what would that look like
How must we behave to create the school that will achieve our purpose
Question to ask as
Educators with values
What attitudes behaviors and
commitments must we demonstrate in
order to create the school of our vision
What results do we seek and how will we know we are making progress
Questions to ask as
Educators with goals
Which steps should we take first
What is our timeline
What evidence will we present to
demonstrate our progress
16 Professional Educators. . .
Emphasize active student engagement and significant content
Collaborate with colleges
Focus on student performance and production
Function as leaders
Linda Darling-Hammond 1995
Separated by their classrooms and packed teaching schedules teachers rarely work or talk together about teaching practices.
18 Collaborative Teams Engaged in Collective Inquiry
You cannot have students as continuous learners and effective collaborators without teachers that have the same characteristics.
Michael Fullan 1993
19 Four PLC Assumptions about Collaboration
If schools are to improve staff must develop the capacity to function as professional learning communities.
If schools are to function as professional learning communities they must develop a collaborative culture.
20 Four PLC Assumptions about Collaboration
If schools are to develop a collaborative culture they must overcome traditional teacher isolation.
If schools are to overcome their tradition of teacher isolation teachers must learn to work in effective high performing teams.
21 In a PLC school with high performing teams. . .
Collaboration is embedded into every aspect of the school culture
Time for collaboration is built into the school calendar
Products of collaboration are made explicit
Teams have access to relevant information
22 In a PLC school with high performing teams. . .
Teams pursue specific and measurable performance goals
23 The best way to improve schools is to develop the people within them. Richard DuFour and Robert Eaker The SMART Goals process creates the motivation for team action and experimentation. But in order to apply the SMART Goals process effectively individuals need strong team skills the ability to understand and use data and a willingness to engage in continuous improvement. 24 The SMART Plan
Emphasizes the measurement and tracking of progress toward the goal.
Guides the work of the PLC.
Provides a means of analyzing the student work data.
25 David Salisbury Daryl Conner 1994 If you intend to introduce a change that is incompatible with the organizations culture you have only three choices modify the change to be more in line with the existing culture alter the culture to be more in line with the proposed change or prepare to fail. 26 A Schools Culture Might Mean. . .
Shared decision-making and teamwork
Focus on goals
27 Richard DuFour et. al. Learning by Doing Perhaps the greatest insight we have gained in our work with school districts across the continent is that schools that take the plunge and actually begin doing the work of a PLC develop their capacity to help students learn at high levels far more effectively than schools that spend years preparing to become PLCs through reading or even training. 28 Planning a PLC Model Where is HSHS
Teacher collaboration during HOT Lunch
Remediation time built into the school day
during HOT Lunch
Common Formative Assessments in
Analysis of data from common assessments
29 Planning a PLC Model Where is HSHS
Common Grading Policy/Homework Plans
Incorporation of clubs for all students to
reinforce connection with school
30 Planning a PLC Model Where do we need to go now Key Questions to ask
How do we continue to help students that need
remediation (Pyramid of Intervention)
How do we develop a shared vision and goals
How can we effectively use data in all aspects and continue to improve and align our grading practices
What are some additional ways to get
collaboration among colleagues
Karen Seashore Louis Sharon Kruse and Mary Ann Raywid 1996
By emphasizing needed changes in the culture of the schools and the daily practice of professionals the reform movement can concentrate on the heart of the school---the teaching and the learning process.
32 Go HSHS Faculty! 33 Resources DuFour Richard and Robert Eaker. Professional Learning Communities at Work Best Practices for Enhancing Student Achievement. Bloomington IN National Educational Service 1998. --and Rebecca DuFour. Professional Learning Communities at Work. Educational Workshop. Kennewick WA May 16-17 2006. --et. al. Ed. The Power of Smart Goals. Bloomington IN Solution Tree 2006. --et. al. Ed. On Common Ground The Power of Professional Learning Communities. Bloomington IN Solution Tree 2005 --http//www.teachinflorida.com/teachertoolki t/PLC.htm --http//www.nsdc.org/standards/learning communities.cfm
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