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Energy Trends

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Title: Energy Trends


1
Energy Trends
  • Kevin B. Martin
  • Regional Leadership BreakfastJanuary 16, 2009

2
Outline
  • Background
  • Missouri ST activities
  • How to get involved?
  • Future directions

3
Background
  • B.S. M.S., Chemical Engineering
  • University of Missouri Rolla
  • Ph.D. Candidate, Engineering Management
  • Missouri University of Science and Technology
  • Publications/Presentations include
  • National Hydrogen Association
  • American Institute of Chemical Engineers
  • Institute of Industrial Engineers

4
Humanitys Top Problems
  • Energy
  • Water
  • Food
  • Environment
  • Poverty
  • Terrorism and War
  • Disease
  • Education
  • Democracy
  • Population

Richard E. Smalley, Ph.D. , Nobel Laureate , MIT
Enterprise Forum, Houston TX, January 22, 2003
5
Energy Trends
6
Energy Trends
7
Energy Trends
8
Policy Trends
  • Hydrogen Fuel Initiative (Jan 2003)
  • 1.2 billion over five years
  • Manufacturing in America Initiative (Jan
    2004)
  • Included language supporting RD in new energy
    technology
  • Continued funding of Hydrogen Fuel Initiative
  • EPACT 2005 TITLE VIII Hydrogen
  • Codifies Hydrogen Fuel Initiative
  • Program authorized through 2020
  • Lease/purchase of stationary, portable, or micro
    fuel cells for electrical power

9
Policy Trends
  • Executive Order 13423 (2007)
  • Strengthening Federal Environmental, Energy,
    and Transportation Management
  • Section 2 Directs Federal agencies to implement
  • sustainable practices for
  • Energy efficiency and reductions in GHG emissions
  • Use of renewable energy
  • Acquisition of green products and services

10
Policy Trends
  • Energy Independence and Security Act 2008
  • Improved Energy Efficiency
  • Increased Use of Renewable Fuels
  • Electric Drive Vehicles including FCVs
  • Federal Fleet AFV credits for FCVs

11
Why the Interest in Hydrogen?
  • Energy Security and Diversity
  • Energy Efficiency
  • International Competitiveness
  • Environmental Concerns

12
Hydrogen Pathways
13
E3 Campus Directive
  • Missouri ST Chancellor Carney
  • Energy x Environment x Education Civilization
  • Our goal is to make Missouri ST one of the
    nations TOP FIVE Technological Research
    Universities by 2010.
  • Lets make our campus green to show our
    students, our state, and all of our
    constituencies what a sustainable future could
    look like

14
Hydrogen Initiative
  • To develop and pursue a broad research, training,
    and education agenda in order to develop a rural
    hydrogen transportation test bed for developing,
    demonstrating, evaluating, and promoting
    hydrogen-based technologies in a real-world
    environment.

15
Hydrogen Shuttle Bus
  • Summer 07 Current
  • 2 Ford E-450 H2ICE Shuttle buses
  • 3,300 miles
  • 850 kg H2 consumed
  • 1,200 riders

16
Temporary Hydrogen Station
  • Summer 07 Summer 08
  • Air Products Mobile Hydrogen Fueler HF-150
  • 150 kg of gaseous hydrogen
  • 435-455 bar (6,200-6,600 psig)
  • Solar Powered Remote Inventory Monitoring

17
Permanent Hydrogen Station
18
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19
Hydrogen can be domestically produced, in
whatever quantities you want. We already make 9
million tons of hydrogen per year in USA, enough
to power 35 million vehicles TODAY. From an
environmental sustainability, from an
environmental stewardship standpoint, from an
energy independence standpoint. HYDROGEN
ABSOLUTELY MAKES SENSE
Missouri Hydrogen Highway
Paul Brubaker, Administrator of the
U.S. Department of Transportations
(DOT) Research and Innovative Technology Administr
ation (RITA) Rolla, Missouri August 19, 2008
20
Renewable Energy Transit Depot
  • Recycled Shipping Containers
  • Integrated Wind and Solar Energy
  • Fuel cell backup power
  • LEED certification

21
(No Transcript)
22
EcoCAR
  • Reduce well to wheel petroleum energy consumption
  • Increase vehicle energy efficiency
  • Reduce well to wheel greenhouse gas and criteria
    emissions
  • Maintain consumer acceptability

http//ecocarchallenge.mst.edu
23
EcoCAR
24
Governor Matt Blunt presenting Energy Month
Proclamation Oct 1, 2008
25
West Campus Expansion
26
West Campus Expansion
Hydrogen Fueling Station (2008) Install Natural
Gas Reformer - 15kg/day Install Solar/Wind-
Electrolysis Unit - 1.2kg/day Install 5 kW
Hydrogen Fuel Cell Phase 1 Student Design Center
1st Module (10,000 sq ft) Alternative Energy
Education Center Install Wind Turbines Phase
2 Student Design Center 2nd Module (10,000 sq
ft) Base Camp Zero Hotel/Conference Center
(50,000 sq ft) Sustainable Hamlet Solar
Decathlon Home Waste-to-Energy Water Recycle
Demonstrator Phase 3 Student Design Center 3rd
Module (10,000 sq ft) Additional Commercial
Development
27
Early Markets
  • Technical Considerations
  • Cost Competitiveness
  • Fuel Flexibility
  • Performance and Reliability
  • Public Acceptance
  • Niche Markets

SOURCE European Hydrogen and Fuel Cell
Technology Platform High Level Group on Hydrogen
and Fuel Cells
28
Leveraging Technology
29
Early Market Applications
  • Telecommunications
  • Railways
  • Healthcare
  • Manufacturing
  • Airports
  • Grocery stores
  • Hotels
  • Electric utilities
  • Waste water utilities
  • State and local agencies - emergency response
    radio towers

30
Early Market Applications
  • Niche/Portable Market
  • consumer electronics - laptops, cell phones
  • military/security/first responders
  • material handling equipment
  • Backup/Auxiliary Power Units
  • communications/wireless networks sensors
  • data centers
  • emergency power

31
Early Market Applications
Slide from Barb Wolfe, Hydrogen and Fuel Cell
Markets - DOE Perspectives, 2007
32
Early Market Applications
Slide from Barb Wolfe, Hydrogen and Fuel Cell
Markets - DOE Perspectives, 2007
33
Opportunities
  • Small Business Innovation Research (SBIR)
  • Phase I awards are up to 100,000 each for
    approximately nine months to explore the
    feasibility of innovative concepts
  • Phase II is for principal research or RD effort,
    with awards up to 750,000 over a two-year period
  • Small Business Technology Transfer (STTR)
  • STTR projects include substantial (at least 30)
    cooperative research collaboration between the
    small business and a non-profit research
    institution
  • Public Private Partnerships (PPP)
  • Public-private partnerships (PPPs) are
    contractual agreements formed between a public
    agency and a private sector entity that allow for
    greater private sector participation in the
    delivery and financing of projects
  • Joint Technology Initiative 2008 (1 billion Euros
    over six years)

34
Opportunities
  • Federal and State Initiatives
  • EISA 2007
  • Authorizes facility funding awards and a direct
    loan program for automobile manufacturers and
    component suppliers to pay not more than 30 of
    cost of re-equipping, expanding, or establishing
    a manufacturing facility in the U.S. to produce
    qualifying advanced technology vehicles or
    qualifying components.
  • Grant program supporting projects to encourage
    the use of plug-in electric drive vehicles or
    other emerging electric vehicle technologies
  • Ohio Fuel Cell Coalition
  • Connecticut Hydrogen-Fuel Cell Coalition
  • South Carolina Hydrogen Fuel Cell Alliance
  • California Fuel Cell Partnership

35
Opportunities
  • Resources
  • hydrogen.energy.gov
  • eere.energy.gov
  • science.doe.gov/sbir/
  • hydrogen.gov
  • grants.gov

36
Future ?
  • Wind Power
  • Achieved 0.05/kWh (price competitive) in
    certain areas
  • Scalable and modular creating flexibility
  • Distributive power increases system reliability
  • Avoids many environmental impacts and
    questionable supply reserves
  • Zero carbon production and delivery pathway
    possible
  • Development of GE electrolyzer (3.00gge)
  • 15 of the total wind potential
  • would meet 2005 fuel demand for LDVs

37
Future ?
38
Future ?
Units supply electrical power, hot water and
space heating for a typical Japanese home.
Natural Gas Fuelled 1 kW
To date gt 2200 units have been installed in Japan.
39
Future ?
40
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41
  • We appreciate the support provided by our
    partners and sponsors
  • Air Force Research Laboratory
  • Air Products
  • Cities of St. Robert and Rolla
  • Defense Logistics Agency
  • EmPower CES
  • Ford Motor Company
  • Gas Technology Institute
  • General Motors
  • Missouri Department of Natural Resources
  • Missouri Department of Transportation
  • Missouri ST National University Transportation
    Center
  • Missouri State Fire Marshall
  • Missouri Transportation Institute
  • National Association of State Fire Marshals
  • St. Louis Clean Cities Program
  • The MathWorks
  • U.S. Army Maneuver Support Center, Fort Leonard
    Wood

42
  • Thank you!
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