Zamenice zatvorena klasa reci samostalni oblici centralni i periferni oblici
Prisvojne (Possessive )
3 Zamenicki oblici
Sekundarni determinatori zatvorena klasa reci
a)iskljucivo nesamostalni oblici (distribuirani uz imenicu)
e.g. Another incident..
The house whose walls were white...
Every man woman and child...
No living being...
4 Zamenicki oblici
b) Oblici koji imaju meovitu (zamenicku i determinativnu) funkciju
e.g. I hurt myself.... / I myself filed in a complaint...
e.g. Whose is it / Whose book is it
e.g. Neither answered. Neither girl answered.
e.g. These are too expensive. These shoes are cute!
5 LICNE ZAMENICE obeleja
Centralna klasa zamenica (obeleje lica)
Obeleavaju ucesnike u govornom cinu
1lice govornik human
II lice slualac human
III lice pasivni ucesnik /- animate
Obeleje roda u III licu singulara
6 Paradigma 7 Pronominalizacija
Antecedent / Postcedent / Koreferentnost
Anaforicna (progresivna)pronominalizacija I took the baby and kissed the baby.
I took the baby and kissed her.
Kataforicna (regresivna) pronominalizacija When Myra woke up Myra felt great
When she woke up Myra felt great.
He used the green ink.
How did he find it
Sa odredenim licnim zamenicama koje su koreferentne sa odredenim antecedentom (the)
Sa neodredenom licnom zamenicom ONE koja nije koreferentna sa antecedentom (a)
He wants a wife! He should find one!
Fraza moe biti i specifikovana i nespecifikovana
She wants to marry an Icelander!
Really! Where did she meet him
Really! Where is she going to meet one
10 Upotrebe licnih zamenica objekatski oblik
U apsolutnoj upotrebi
Im going home. Me too.
U CLEFT konstrukcijama
Its ME who you love!
You and ME were such good friends.
Posle AS BUT EXCEPT LIKE i THAN
As good as ME. / Anyone like HIM / but HIM
Emfaza Dear ME!
11 Upotreba zamenice it
Prava zamenicka upotreba
I have that right and I will use it.
Shes gone believe it or not!
Shes evil believe it or not!
Lets take a look at it! (the party taking place downstairs)
12 Upotreba zamenice it
Nezamenicka (nereferencijalna upotreba)
Dopunsko (eksplicirano) it
It is Saturday. It is raining.
It is a shame to do such things (S)
They concealed it (the fact) that he was ill. (DO)
Youll get it when I get home.
We bussed it all the way there.
Coke is it.
She doesnt have what men call it.
13 Upotrebe ostalih oblika
Za mnoinu you i we
You can never tell (one can never tell)
How are we today (patronizing)
We are not amused! (royal)
We have carried the reaserch... (editorial)
14 Upotreba ONE
One knows one faults.
One notices how beautiful you are
I am not the ONE you should fear.
I lose a battle and you win ONE.
There are cheap dresses and there are expensive ONES.
One of the boys fell from the tree.
15 Upotreba SO
If shes ready to marry him I presume she will say SO.
Imenski deo predikata
She was so good when I saw her yesterday I and I hope she will be SO when I see her again.
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