The Trojan War actually occurred The city of Troy fell into the hands of the Greeks.
Archaeologists have found historical evidence of the war.
Was it exactly as told in The Iliad
No. It was probably fought over commerce and trade between Greece and Asia Minor.
But Homers version (The Iliad) is more exciting!
Some of the characters may have been based on real personalities.
3 Whats a Trojan
A person from Troy
One who shows qualities like those of the soldiers who defended ancient Troy endurance toughness determined energy
4 Wheres Troy
Troy is across the Aegean Sea from Greece.
Troy was also called Ilium Ilion and Ilios.
A well-walled city with broad streets and beautiful palacesuntil the Trojan War.
The beginning of the 12th century B.C.
1193 1184 B.C.
Thats 3200 years ago!
B.C. Before Christ
A.D. Anno Domini (The Year of Our Lord)
Greatest Greek Warrior
Greatest Trojan Warrior
Father of Hector
7 With whom did the gods side
Zeus tries to remain neutral but he shows empathy for Priam and Hector (Trojans). 8 How did it start
Eris goddess of discord was not invited to a wedding banquet on Mt. Olympus.
Into the banquet hall Eris tossed a golden apple inscribed For the Fairest.
Athena Hera and Aphrodite asked Zeus to decide who deserved the apple.
Zeus would not choose. (Hes no fool!)
Zeus says Paris is an excellent judge of beauty and refers the goddesses to him.
9 The Judgment of Paris
Paris was the son of King Priam of Troy.
He was rather weak and cowardly.
Priam had sent him away from Troy because an oracle prophesied that he would be the ruin of the city.
When the goddesses appeared to him they each offered him a bribe
Athena would make him a great warrior.
Hera would make him ruler of Europe and Asia.
Aphrodite would give him the most beautiful woman in the world.
10 Whom did he choose
Paris gave the apple to Aphrodite.
She then took Paris to Helen the most beautiful woman in the world.
Hera and Athena however vowed revenge.
Helen was a daughter of Zeus.
She was the wife of Menelaus.
Menelaus was the brother of the Greek King Agamemnon.
See the problem
12 Paris takes Helen 13 The Greeks Respond
Menelaus asks all of Greece to help.
Greek armies set off across the sea to lay siege to Troy and leave it in ashes.
And so begins the Trojan War.
Helen is often referred to as The Face that Launched a Thousand Ships.
14 Odysseus and Achilles Join Late
Odysseus didnt want to fight for Helen.
He thought her a faithless woman.
He did not want to leave his home (Ithaca).
Achilles was kept back by his mother.
Thetis was a sea nymph who knew he was fated to die in Troy.
She had dipped him in the river Styx to try and give him immortality. (She held him by the heel.)
Both of these great Greek warriors were later called (forced) into battle where they played important roles in many battles.
15 The Battle Rages
Due to the influence of various gods and goddesses the war went back and forth for many years.
For details of the war read the epic poem by Homer called The Iliad a word which means a series of disastrous events.
Leader of all Greek forces during Trojan War
Sacrificed his daughter (Iphegenia) to Artemis in order to get favorable winds for the ships to sail to Troy
Offended Achilles by taking his prize (a girl named Briseis) after one battle
17 Achilles Pouts
Because Agamemnon offended him Achilles refused to fight.
Then things went badly for the Greeks and they begged him to return.
He allowed his friend Patroclus to fight in his place wearing his armor.
Patroclus is killed by Hector (who thought it was Achilles).
18 Achilles Returns
Enraged over the death of Patroclus Achilles returns to battle.
His mother procures for him some new armor (made by Hephaestus).
He kills Hector and desecrates the body.
19 Achilles Relents
King Priam sneaks into the Greek camp and begs Achilles to give him Hectors body so that his son may have proper funeral rites.
Achilles allows Priam to take the body.
After Hectors death Achilles does not have long to live.
20 The Death of Achilles
Achilles was unconquerable by mortal men but Apollo stepped in.
Apollo guided Pariss arrow into the only weak spot Achilles had his heel.
Achilles dies from the wound.
The remaining Greeks decide his divine armor should go to the bravest remaining warrior.
21 Odysseus Wins
Odysseus makes a speech explaining why he deserves it and he is awarded the armor of Achilles.
He then devises the final plan to end the Trojan War.
22 The Trojan Horse
The Greeks pretend to retreat leaving behind a large wooden horse.
The Trojans in celebration drag the horse inside their city as a war prize.
23 The Trojan Horse Odysseus and many other Greek warriors are hiding inside the horse. 24 The Fall of Troy
They wait until the Trojans are asleep and then they come out and slaughter them.
The Trojan War is ended.
The Greeks won.
The Trojans lost.
Odysseus is the greatest hero remaining alivebut now he has to get home
25 The Odyssey Begins
The story of The Odyssey is about Odysseus journey home (to Ithaca) after the Trojan War.
Its quite a journey!
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