Title: No Comprende Spanish Health Information Resources for English Speaking Librarians
1 No Comprende Spanish Health Information Resources for English Speaking Librarians National Network of Libraries of Medicine MidContinental Region 800-338-7657 2 No Comprende Spanish Health Information Resources for English Speaking Librarians Participants will be able to... identify some print and online resources for basic library medical and web Spanish vocabulary pronounce the letters in the Spanish alphabet identify the criteria for evaluating health websites evaluate online health information resources that are in Spanish identify reliable online Spanish health information resources 3 Agenda
Introductions 10 minutes
Cultural Sensitivity and Health Literacy 5 minutes
Spanish Language 20 minutes
Spanish Vocabulary 45 minutes
Evaluating Spanish websites 60 minutes
Break 10 minutes
Quality Health information in Spanish 80 minutes
Evaluation and Certificates 10minutes
4 Culture Sensitivity
Cultural sensitivity starts with becoming aware that we all live and function within culture of our own and that our identity is shaped by it and then accepting the validity of others cultures.
Let your patrons know that you are sincere and trustworthy.
Greet them smile and create a non-threatening atmosphere.
Remember One size does not fit all
Be sensitive to many differences that exist within the same culture due to socioeconomic levels place of origin and education
5 Health Literacy
Health literacy is the ability to read understand and act on health care Information
According to the National Adult Literacy Survey (NALS) 50 of Hispanic Americans have reading problems. You cant tell by looking.
Take time to listen and create an atmosphere of trust and openness.
For more information about Health Literacy go to the National Network of Library of Medicine Southeastern/Atlantic Region Health Literacy Toolkit at http//nnlm.gov/sea/outreach/healthlitk it/index.html
6 Pronunciation 7 Pronunciation
Accent Marks When speaking the accent normally goes on the second to last syllable. If there is an accent mark in the word the spoken accent goes on the syllable with the accent mark. For example No accent markaccent the 2nd to last syllable Burrito Accent markaccent that syllable Información There are many exceptions to the accent rule! 9 Basic Vocabulary
Spanish Flashcards http//members.tripod.com/spa nishflashcards/ Excellent website for learning basic Spanish vocabulary Main website is not too pretty or well designed but the vocabulary pages are very good Vocabulary sets use Flash to feature authentic audio and photos when you move your mouse over the Spanish words Some of the topics are the alphabet animals clothing and more 10 Basic Vocabulary
A free services that has over 749000 flashcards from 26 languages with 14 different main categories of words including science and medicine
Flashcards are created by the Internet community you can add your own flashcards and share them with others
Features are interactive and extensive
Study flashcards in a variety of orders
Spell check with dictionaries in multiple languages
Download and Import your flashcards with MS Excel or text
Download your flashcards to your Palm Pilot or Pocket PC (paid feature)
If you like keyboard commands often the Control key works
Accent Ctrl vowel
Upside-down question mark CtrlShiftAlt
Enye Ctrl Shift n
13 Basic VocabularySymbols
Alt numbers work too
Alt and 160 á
Alt and 130 é
Alt and 161 í
Alt and 162 ó
Alt and 163 ú
Alt and 164 ñ
Alt and 168
14 Library Vocabulary
Spanish in Our Libraries
Ever want to know how to say I will get someone who speaks Spanish or Do you have a library card
SOL-Plus has a wealth of library vocabulary in Spanish
Site even features
Dewey in Spanish
Library of Congress system in Spanish
And loads of other goodies!
15 Library Vocabulary
REFORMAs Library Resources
REFORMA is the National Association to Promote Library and Information Services to Latinos and the Spanish-Speaking
In addition to the other resources that REFORMA provides such as the listserv networking opportunities and scholarships the Library Resources page has a wealth of vocabulary for libraries and the web
Note the Spanish for Librarians link is a large PDF document.
16 Internet Vocabulary
Important /Common Spanish Internet Words La búsquedasearch generally a box next to this word Los enlaceslink as in hyperlink Actualizadoupdated La páginapage La Redthe Net or Web El InternetInternet El base de datosdatabase 17 Internet Vocabulary
Glossary of Spanish Internet Terms
This commercial website has an excellent list of the basic Internet terms that you will come across on a daily basis.
Learn Spanish Internet Terms in Spanish and English
Not beautiful but simple once you scroll down on this site there is a more extensive list of Internet and computer terms in Spanish.
18 Medical Vocabulary
Polyglot Multimedia Medical Spanish Translator
Interactive side-by-side vocabulary and phrase listing with audio
Dictionary English-Spanish from the Oregon Occupational Safety Health Division
136 pages of free health and safety phrases and helpful vocabulary come in handy pdf format.
19 Online Translators
Babelfish and Google Translate
Good Tools for getting the general idea
Watch out with translation mishaps
Dont use for critical medical information
Dont use for translating into writing
20 Vocabulary and Pronunciation Exercises
How do you pronounce neoplasma oreja muñeca refr igerador What do those words mean How do you say pregnant broken leg spinal cord
21 Evaluation of Online Spanish Health Information
TIPS Alphabet is almost the same Language is similar You probably know more words than you think. Photos or Graphics Can help you figure out what the site is about and who it is for. Really bad sites may have graphics of completely unrelated topics 22 Evaluation of Online Spanish Health Information
The About us information about the organization or author is usually under
Acerca de nos
Acerca de Name of Organization
If they dont have an about section or intro that is a clue to the level of quality.
23 Evaluation of Online Spanish Health Information
TIPS Use one of these tools to translate the About Us section Babelfish and Google Translate http//babel.altavista.com/ http//trans late.google.com/translate_t Extremely helpful but not reliable This will help you get the gist of the Spanish words. You can translate a word a sentence or paragraph or an entire site.
24 Evaluation of Online Spanish Health Information
There may also be an English version of the site you can compare.
Look for the words inglés or English.
Beware Spanish versions of English pages may not be translated well or can be much more limited than the English version
Also feel free to lead your patrons to the MedlinePlus Guide to Healthy Web Surfing which is also in Spanish http//www.nlm.nih.gov/medline plus/spanish/healthywebsurfing.html
25 Evaluation Criteria
Evaluation methods in black font borrowed from Evaluating Internet Resources Factors to Consider by Gale Dutcher National Library of Medicine
Is there a date What does the date represent
Is the information up-to-date
Is the update frequency apparent
Is it static or does it change regularly
Is currency necessary for this type of information
Look for the word Fecha meaning date
Remember that dates are displayed day.month.year
Look for the word Actualizado meaning updated
Look for the word Modificado meaning modified
26 Evaluation Criteria
Is information available about the author
Who is the author
Is the author the original creator of the information
What are the authors credentials
Look to see if you recognize a name near on the page
in the places you would normally see an authors name
on a page in English
27 Evaluation Criteria
What institution is connected with this information
Does the institution exercise quality control
Have you ever heard of this organization
Run the name through babelfish
Does the organization have an English counterpart or
webpage that you could read
28 Evaluation Criteria
Is there a minimum of bias
Is there any apparent conflict such as advertising by the sponsor
You can identify an ad in Spanish just as well as in English.
29 Evaluation Criteria
What is the purpose of this Web site
This one might be difficult if they dont have an About Us section.
30 Evaluation Criteria
Who is the intended audience
From the look of the page you can probably determine age range
The type of organization may give away who the audience is
Graphics will come in handy for this criterion.
31 Evaluation Criteria
Is the information reliable
Is the information free from error
Where does the information come from
Are sources cited Can you independently verify the information
Has the information been reviewed or refereed
Again this one may be difficult so look for organizations or people you recognize that support the information on the page.
Are they linking or do they have actual content If there are only links test them to see if they are still working.
32 Evaluation Criteria
What topics are included
What is the depth of exploration
Try to recognize cognates words that look similar to English words.
Translate header words using a dictionary or online translators.
How large is the site Number and length of pages
33 10 minute Break 34 Evaluation Group Activity
What is good and/or bad about these sites
http//www.redmedica.com.mx/ http//www.mediweb.c om.mx/ http//www.tuotromedico.com/ http//www.m ipediatra.com.mx/ 35 Online Health Resources
MEDLINEplus en español
Consumer Health Information in Spanish
Health Topicsover 600 Health Topics in Spanish with links to great information including Hispanic-American Health
Can toggle from English to Spanish and back
Low literacy health information tutorials with audio
36 Online Health Resources
Professional medical information
To see articles in Spanish click on
Limits Language Spanish
Generally abstracts are in English
For full-text articles in Spanish contact your nearest medical library for document delivery options
37 Online Health Resources
Locating Spanish Language Health Information on the World Wide Web
Websites in Spanish
Abstracts written in English
Organized Associations Foundations Organizations Government agencies local and regional resources
Note helpful for English speaking librarians but not for Spanish speaking patrons
38 Online Health Resources
Information about health associated with chemical substances and different locations in towns and cities
Learn about possible chemical hazards present in different locations in a town or a city
Unfortunately the graphic portion of the site is not in Spanish yet
39 Online Health Resources
Tons of information on cancer for professionals and consumers
Huge list of health and safety websites from the federal government
More than 80 links all in Spanish (with English titles shown as well!)
42 Online Health Resources
CDC en español
Public health topics such as obesity vaccinations the flu pre-natal care diabetes and more
current public health news general topics specific groups and links to other reliable sites in Spanish.
43 Online Health Resources
Pan American Health Organization
News and public information from other countries
BIREME Virtual Health Library
Bookstore and more
44 Online Health Resources
World Health Organization
United Nations specialized agency for health
Health statistics for different countries (Países)
Health topics (usually in English)
Individual pages toggle
45 Online Health Resources Exercises
A Latino patron who speaks little English wants to know the side-effects of a drug his doctor recommended for his son. Where can he find side effects on Guaifenesina For your own curiousity what is a brand name for this drug in English
Your patrons grandmother was just diagnosed with cervical cancer. She would like basic information in Spanish on cancer that she can print out and bring to her grandmother.
An international student is doing a paper on a public health topic on his home Costa Rica. Where can he find general information to help narrow his topic
46 Other Resources
From the American Academy of Family Physicians
Created as patient education handouts
Health topicscontent and links
Toggles between English and Spanish
47 Other Resources
NOAH New York Online Access to Health
Links selected by librarians and health professionals in New York
Health Topics in English and Spanish
Partnership of a number of New York libraries
48 Other Resources
Different pages for Parents Kids and Teens on health information topics relevant to each group
Information and links in Spanish but navigation is in English
Has educational brochures fact sheets and publications in Spanish
50 Other Resources
NN/LM Consumer Health Information in Many Languages
Resources including Cultural Competency Resources Multilingual health information Specific Languages including Spanish and Glossaries by Language.
AdCouncils Healthy Lifestyles
Ads encouraging healthy lifestyles in English and Spanish
51 Other ways to Practice
Practice with a native speaker
Local Spanish Club
Websites audio tapes etc.
Rosetta Stone (expensive though)
52 Pair ExerciseReference Interview
Break up into pairs
One of you be the librarian
The other be the patron
The patron asks the librarian a question (in English)
The librarian must find the answer/resource in Spanish
Use the resources given in the class and in your handout to find the answers
Switch roles and repeat
53 Thank You! Muchas Gracias! Please fill out your evaluations Contact Us at www.nnlm.gov/mcr Or 800-338-7657
Centers for Disease Control. Sabemos Por respeto-Aquí no se fuma.http//www.cdc.gov/tobacc o/secondhand_smoke/sabemos/english/Sabemos_Tips.pd f.
Center for Health Care Strategies Inc. Health Literacy Fact Sheets 1-9. http//www.chcs.org/us r_doc/Health_Literacy_Fact_Sheets.pdf
Developing Culturally Sensitive Programs for the Latino Community A needs based assessment. http//www.espnational.org/2006NationalMeeting/Cul turallySensativeProgramsForLatinoAdrieRoberts.ppt 26427Impact Statements
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