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The Battle of Fort Sumter


Lincoln's victory in the presidential election of 1860 triggered South ... Fort Johnson exploded over Fort Sumter, signaling the start of the bombardment ... – PowerPoint PPT presentation

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Title: The Battle of Fort Sumter

The Battle of Fort Sumter
  • Megan and Madelyn

Fort Sumter is a very important place. It
is located in Charleston Harbor, South Carolina.
This is a marvelous place because it is where The
Battle of Fort Sumter took place at, April 12,
1861- April 13, 1861. Lincolns victory in the
presidential election of 1860 triggered South
Carolinas declaration of secession from the
Union. By February 7, the seven states adopted a
provisional constitution. The remaining eight
states rejected pleas and did not end slavery.
Confederate forces seized all but three Federal
forts within their boundaries. So the battle all
began because the eight states would not end
Eventually the war began. Further discussions
after midnight proved futile. At 330 A.M, April
12, 1861, the confederates informed Anderson that
they would open fire in about an hour. At
430a.m, a single mortal round fired from Fort
Johnson. Fort Johnson exploded over Fort Sumter,
signaling the start of the bombardment from 43
guns and mortars at Fort Moultrie, Fort Johnson,
and Cummings Point. Anderson withheld his fire
until 700 A.M, , when captain Abner Doubleday
fired a shot at the ironclad battery at Cummings
Point , but there was little Anderson could do
with 60 guns. He deliberately avoided using guns
that were stored in the fort where casualties
were at. The Fort Commons, manned by South
Carolina militia, were capable of landing such
indirect fire on Fort Sumter
For Sumters garrison could only safely fire
the guns on the lower level. Emplacements was
largely incapable of indirect fire that could
seriously hurt Fort Moultrie. The federalist had
removed much of their supplies to Fort Sumter.
The Fort was nearly out at the end of the 34 hour
bombardment. The bombardment lasted until the
next morning. Then a shell list of officers
headquarters, starting a serious fire. For
Sumters flag fell. During the period of time
that the flag was down, before Garrison could
improvise a replacement, several confederates
arrived to inquire whether the flag had been
lowered for surrender, or if it had fell.
On April 13,1861 Anderson agreed to an order
at 200 P.M. Fort Sumters flag terms for the
Garrisons withdraw were settled that evening.
The Union surrendered the fort to confederate at
230 P.M. April 14, 1861. All the soldiers were
safely brought back to the Union. During the 100
gun fight some soldiers were killed. The salute
was stopped after 50 shots. Thats when Anderson
lowered the Fort Sumters flag and took it with
him north, where it became a known symbol of the
battle, and a rallying point for supporters of
the Union.
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The bombardment of Fort Sumter was the first
militia action of the American Civil War.
Following the surrender, Lincoln called for
militia from the remaining to retake the seized
federal properties. The war lasted for four
years, effectively ending in April 1865. However,
by the end of 1865 Charleston Harbor was
completely in Confederate hands. On April 14,
1865, four years to the day, after lowering Fort
Sumters flag in surrender, Anderson raised Fort
Sumters Flag again over the battered remains of
the fort.
Beautiful flower gardens are a good way to
remember South Carolina. Once nearly destroyed by
the Civil War, the state now is blossoming with
new industry, education, and strong citizens.
Land where the Cherokees and Catawabas once
Plantations that supported rice, cotton, then
The place where the civil war began
This is South Carolina the palmetto state.
3 Questions about the Battle of Fort Sumter
  • Q1 Where is fort Sumter located?
  • Q2 When was the battle of Fort Sumter?
  • Q3 What did Aderson do with the flag?