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What is Communism?

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In the Socialist revolution all the rulers are kicked out. Socialists believe all inequalities are unjust and that the minority of the ... – PowerPoint PPT presentation

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Title: What is Communism?


1
What is Communism?
2
Communism is
A theory or system of social organization based
on the holding of all property in common.
Actual ownership of all property belongs to the
community as a whole or to the state.
3
  • This is the symbol of Communism
  • The Hammer and the Sickle.

Hammer for the Workers
Sickle for the Peasants the farm labourers
4
This is Karl Marx. He is called the Father of
Communism. People who believe in his ideas are
called Marxists.
5
This is his friend, Frederick Engels.
6
Karl Marx and Frederick Engels
wrote a book called the Communist Manifesto in
1848.
7
Its a short book but billions of people have
read it.
8
What is Communism?
Karl Marx and Frederick Engels believed that man
should labor not only for himself but for
society as well.
Communism
Socialism
Capitalism
Feudalism
Primitive Communism
9
What is Communism?
  • They also studied the history of the worlds
    economies.

Communism
Socialism
Capitalism
Feudalism
Primitive Communism
10
What is Communism?
  • An economy is the way that power, industry and
    finance are controlled.

Communism
Socialism
Capitalism
Feudalism
Primitive Communism
11
Power
The ability to effect change or exert control
over things, people, subjects or objects.
12
Industry
The manufacturing of a good or service.
13
Finance
The management of money, banking, investments,
and credit. To provide or raise the money for
things.
14
What is an Economic System?
15
Three Types of Economic Systems
  • Market Economy
  • Command Economy
  • Mixed Economy

16
Market Economy
  • The prices of goods and services are determined
    in a free price system set by supply and demand.
  • Examples
  • The U.S.A.
  • Japan
  • Any Capitalist Society

17
Command Economy
  • A Controlled Economy where the Government makes
    all decisions.
  • Examples
  • Cuba
  • China
  • Any Communist Country or Dictatorship

18
Mixed Economy
  • An economic system that has some government
    involvement in the Market Based Economy.
  • Examples
  • The U.S.A.
  • Japan?
  • Most Modern Economies

19
DEFINTION OF ECONOMIC SYSTEM
It is a system that involves the production,
distribution and consumption of goods and
services between individuals in a particular
society.
20
PRODUCTION OF GOODS
21
DISTRIBUTION OF GOODS
22
CONSUMPTION OF GOODS
23
FEUDALISM
Feudalism began as kings gave lands to men called
lords. The lords also owned the peasants, called
serfs, who lived on their land, as well as all of
their possessions. The serfs were forced to
work for the lords, farming their lands, and
doing other duties.
In return, serfs would get protection from
attackers
24
CAPITALISM
Capitalism is an economic system in which most of
the means of production is privately owned.
People in a capitalist society are motivated by
profit.
25
SOCIALISM
Socialism is an economic system in which the
basic means of production are owned by and
managed by the government.
26
So, what is Communism?
27
Karl Marx and Frederick Engels
Studied how countries developed in stages.
Communism
Socialism
Capitalism
Feudalism
Primitive Communism
28
According to their theory, history had 5 major
stages
Primitive Communism Feudalism Capitalism Socialism
Communism
29
Primitive Communism
This is how humans first lived together in
small tribes. Primitive means not very advanced
e.g. hunting and gathering
Primitive Communism
Communism meant everything was shared among the
tribe food, jobs, belongings. No one owned
land.
30
Eventually a group comes to power this leads to
Feudalism..
He gave land and privileges to nobles who rule
the people for him.
Under feudalism, a king became the ruler over all
the people.
The people are kept uneducated and told that God
chose the king to rule. The church helps the king
this way.
Feudalism
As trade develops, some people get richer.
Primitive Communism
31
As people get richer, this leads to Capitalism.
The capitalists get more power to serve their own
interests.
Capitalism
The business owners or capitalists get richer
while the workers do all the hard work.
Feudalism
Capitalism creates a huge working-class of people
who get angry at the way they are treated. They
organise in unions and demand changes.
32
This leads to a revolution and Socialism?
Because nothing is made for profit, all people
benefit from education and health.
The workers take control of the country to
produce things for everyone.
Socialism
Capitalism
In the Socialist revolution all the rulers are
kicked out. Socialists believe all inequalities
are unjust and that the minority of the
population should not own the vast majority of
the wealth.
33
These ideas spread across the world to create
Communism - a classless society.
Communism
Then eventually when everyone is organized (and
sharing) there will be no need for government
Socialism
34
Communism
The remaining capitalists put up a bitter fight,
but the will of the people will always win.
Communism
Socialism
All human activity goes towards benefiting each
other allowing all to live their lives to the
full.
As everyone now works together, war is a thing of
the past armies are not needed. Sharing means
no police are needed. Everything is provided by
the people so money becomes a thing of the past.
35
According to Karl Marx once you go through
socialism, the next stage is Communism.
36
Communism
An economic and social system envisioned by the a
German scholar named Karl Marx. In theory,
under communism, all means of production are
owned in common, rather than by individual
people. In practice, a single authoritarian
party controls both the political and economic
systems.

37
WHY DID COMMUNISM FAIL?
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