Muhammad was born is Mecca, in Saudi Arabia, in the year 569 CE ... Pilgrimage - Hajj ... have a duty to try to make a pilgrimage to the Ka'aba in Makkah at least once ... – PowerPoint PPT presentation
Muhammad was born is Mecca in Saudi Arabia in the year 569 CE
His father died before he was born and his mother when he was only six years old.
He lived with his grandfather until he died then was under the care of his uncle.
His uncle was a trader and Muhammad followed in his footsteps.
Arabia in the 6th century..and today
4 Early years
When he was about 25 years old he worked for a wealthy widow named Khadijah. Khadijah was so impressed by the honest and attractive personality of Muhammad that she offered to marry him. This marriage was a happy one. They had children. Khadijah was his only wife until she died at the age of 51.
5 Revelations from Allah
At the age of 40 he had a visitation from the Angel Jibreel (Gabriel) who gave him messages from God.
He told these messages to the people of Makkah and some believed him and began to follow the teachings of God as revealed to Muhammad.
6 Fleeing to Medina
He and his followers were forced to leave Makkah and travel to Medina where they founded the first Muslim community in the year 622.
The Muslim calendar dates from this journey known as the Hijrah.
After a few years Muhammad returned to Makkah with an army of supporters and re-entered the city.
Muhammad continued receiving messages from God throughout the later part of his life. He memorised these messages and passed them on to his followers.
After his death they were collected and written down in the Quran (Koran). The sayings and deeds of Muhammad were recorded in the Hadith.
These two books are the source of guidance for all Muslims.
8 The Spread of Islam
Within the Prophets lifetime Islam covered most of the Arabian peninsular. In the following 100 years Muslims conquered the Persian Empire and much of the Byzantine Empire to rule from North Africa and Spain to the borders of China. Many of the conquered peoples converted to Islam although in some cases this took several centuries.
Now there are more than 50 independent Muslim countries and there is a worldwide population of around 1300 million Muslims.
9 Muslim beliefs
Muslims believe there is only one God Allah. Muhammad is not a god and is not worshipped. Allah has sent a number of important prophets to teach us about himself. These included Abraham (Ibrahim) Moses David and Jesus (Isa). Muhammad is the last and greatest of the Prophets.
10 The Five PillarsFaith - Shahada
This is the main religious belief of all Muslim people and it is a declaration of their faith. The English words areThere is no God but Allah Muhammad is the messenger of Allah
11 The Five PillarsPrayer - Salat
Muslims are expected to pray five times a day
They are called to prayer by a m who calls God is great come to prayer
Muslims wash (wudu) very carefully in order to be pure before God.
They then pray together
in communal prayer.
12 The Five PillarsMoney Zakat
Each Muslim gives up a share of his wealth each year to provide for those less fortunate. The word zakat means to purify or cleanse.
As the person gives up a share of his or her wealth they become cleansed from selfishness and greed. This money might be to provide education keep up or build mosques or help the needy.
13 The Five PillarsFasting - Sawm
Ramadam is in the ninth month of the Islam calendar. It is special because it is when Muhammad (Pbuh) began receiving the messages from God.
For thirty days Muslims fast they do not eat or drink during daylight hours. It starts when the new moon is seen at the start of the month and ends when the new moon is seen again at the end of the month.
14 The Five PillarsPilgrimage - Hajj
All Muslims have a duty to try to make a pilgrimage to the Kaaba in Makkah at least once during their lifetime
15 The Mosque
All Muslims are expected to go to the mosque to worship although women are allowed to worship at home. Men and women sit in different places in the mosque so they can focus on Allah and not on each other!
16 Images of Islam
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