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Elements of Drama

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Daisy (off camera): No! Miriam: Don't worry, sugar. I'll come ... It suddenly shoots backward and stops, hanging over the edge of the neighbor's stone wall. ... – PowerPoint PPT presentation

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Title: Elements of Drama


1
Elements of Drama
2
TODAY YOU WILL
  • Learn vocabulary to use in discussing drama
  • Learn to recognize the elements of drama
  • Learn strategies for reading drama

3
DRAMA PLAY
  • Drama is a form of literature that is performed
    for an audience, either on stage or before a
    camera.

4
Comparison of Drama and Fiction
  • Similarities
  • It tells a story with characters, plot, and
    setting.
  • Differences
  • It is written to be performed in front of an
    audience. Dramas are written in a special form
    called a script, in which lines are written out
    for the characters to speak.

5
PARTS OF THE SCRIPT
  • Cast of Characters is a list of characters that
    often has a short description appearing next to a
    characters name
  • Dialogue is the conversation between
    characters. Both the plot of the play and the
    characters personalities are revealed through
    dialogue.

6
TV shows
  • ARE WRITTEN IN A FORM CALLED A TELEPLAY.

7
  • Produce Man How many peaches for you today,
    Mrs. Werthan?
  • Daisy Three, thank you.
  • Produce Man Youre not gonna be gettin any
    better ones the rest of the summer. Lemme give
    you a few more.

8
  • Stage Direction instructions for the director,
    the performers, and the stage crew. These are
    printed in italics or are enclosed in
    parentheses. Many stage directions tell the
    actors how to speak or move. They also describe
    the scenery all the decorations on the stage
    that help create the setting. Props, the objects
    that actors need during the play, are also
    described in the stage directions.

9
  • (Boolie goes into the pantry, where Daisy is
    transferring pickles from a large crock into
    jars.)
  • Daisy (off camera) No!
  • Miriam Dont worry, sugar. Ill come after
    for temple tomorrow. (Idella enters with dishes
    of ice cream)

10
Acts and Scenes
  • The action of the play is divided into scenes.
    A scene changes whenever the setting changes.
    Sometimes scenes are grouped into acts. In a
    movie or television script, the scenes are not
    usually labeled by number. In a TV drama, a
    commercial break often comes between scenes. In
    a stage play, the lights dim, the curtain closes,
    or music plays while the props are changed.

11
  • FRONT HALL. (Daisy puts on her hat and gathers
    her gloves and purse.)
  • BACKYARD. ( Daisy is backing her car out of the
    garage. It suddenly shoots backward and stops,
    hanging over the edge of the neighbors stone
    wall. Daisy gets out and slams the door, and the
    car drops into the neighbors garden.)

12
Strategies for Reading Drama
  • 1. Read the play silently. You need to know the
    entire plot and understand the characters before
    you read it aloud.
  • 2. Figure out what is happening. Be patient.
    Read several pages to understand what is
    happening.

13
  • 3. Read stage directions carefully. When you
    read drama, you must imagine the action and the
    scenery. If you skip the stage directions, you
    miss some important information.
  • 4. Get to know the characters. Dialogue is how
    you get to know the characters. Analyze the
    characters words carefully and try to discover
    the meaning behind the words.

14
  • 5. Keep track of the plot. The plot of the
    drama centers on a main conflict that the
    characters try to resolve. Look for the
    conflict, watch for the action to build to a
    climax, and evaluate how the conflict is resolved.

15
  • 6. Read the play aloud. When a drama is
    performed, it becomes almost like real life. You
    bring your own interpretation of the character to
    the role. Let yourself become the character.
    React to the other characters in the story.
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