2 Tariffs Tariff- is a tax imposed by the local government on goods or services coming into a country (imports). They increase the prices of the imported product or services in the local market. Governments use this to protect local businesses from low-priced competitive products from other countries. Canada places a tariff of 22 percent on imported shirts in order to protect Canadian shirt manufactures Canada has a free trade agreement that reduce tariffs with the US Mexico Chile and Israel among others. 3 Currency Fluctuations Currency Exchange Rate the rate given by one country for another countrys currency. Internatio nal banks exchange with other international banks the large volumes of foreign currency hey receive from international business transactions. I.e.. Canadian dollar is worth 0.449752 of a British pound British pound is worth 2.22345 Canadian dollars. The fluctuating value of currency on international market can be a major barrier to trade . When a countrys currency is devalued in relation to another countrys currency the country with the devalued currency can sell more to the other country. I.e.. Cross-border shoppers 4 Investments Regulations Investment Canada Act (ICA)- A Canadian federal act to provide for the review of significant investments in Canada by non-Canadians. Investors who are non-Canadians must comply with the provisions of the ICA which requires them to file a notification when they commence a new business activity in Canada or each time they acquire reviewed if both the investor and he vendor are from a country that is not a World Trade Organization (WTO) member and if the value of the business being acquired in Canada is over 5 million.
Produce uranium and owns an interest in a uranium property
Provide any transportation
Provides any financial service
Is culture business involved in the publication distribution production recordings audio and video music recording music in print television general public etc.
5 Investments Regulations Cont If the investment involves the acquisition of a company with produces uranium and owns an interest in a uranium property or engages in financial services transportation or culture and is worth over 5 million a review must take place. 6 Environmental Restrictions Canada protects its environment with a number of regulations. Canadas economy depends on its natural resources. Restrictions on imports are in place to protect Canadian crops and livestock and fish and forests from contamination and products brought into Canada must comply with Canadian standards. Canadian Food Inspection Agency are in charge of the process at international arrival point. Canada also is in the International Trade in Endangered Species of Wild Fauna and Flora. This prohibits trade on some 30 000 wild animals and plant species from whales to parrots and from coral to cacti. Products that do not meet to Canadian environmental standards are not allowed to enter Canada. I.e.. Toxins and hazardous chemicals. 7 Foreign Relations and Trade Sanctions Canada uses trade sanctions to influence the policies or actions of other nations. Canada attempts to stop human rights abuses war revolution terrorism smuggling slavery or piracy in other countries by imposing sanctions instead of using force. Sanctions can include placing limitations on official and diplomatic contacts travel seizing or freezing assets in Canada that belong to the offending nations government its leaders or its people or businesses and legally restricting trade between Canada and the target state. Canada only joins with other nation who share our views to implement to sanctions jointly. Special Economic Measures Act- the law of Canada that apply economic sanction in response to a serious threat to international peace and security. Export and Import Permits Act- Canadian law that is used to impose sanction on goods by mean of Area Control List The Export Control List and the Import Control List. United Nation Act- Canadian Act that incorporates into Canadian law decisions passed by the UN Security Council 8 Safety Regulations The federal government of Canada makes law primarily to protect Canadians. The government regulates and administers commerce and trade in specific good under the following acts Food and Drug Act Meat inspection Act Consumer Packaging and Labelling Act Health of Animals Act Seeds Act Fertilizers Act Plant Breeder Right Act Hazardous Product Act Canada Agricultural Product Act Fish Inspection Act Plant Protection Act Administrative Monetary Penalties Act Feeds Act Canadian Food Inspection Act Customs Act Weights and Measures Act Each of these Acts affect both domestic companies and foreign imports. Each Act set numerous regulations and could act as barriers to trade for foreign exporters who may need to make costly changes in their manufacturing procedures to conform to Canadian standards 9 Immigration Policies
The Canadian economy benefits from their skills and financial investments. Immigrants and refugees become consumers the moment they arrive and as Canadas population is declining they help maintain the size of the Canadian market. They create demand for imports and contribute to trade between Canada and their home countries and they make Canada more culturally diverse.
Visitors People coming to Canada for short stays such as tourist students or foreign workers always spend money either on goods and services or on products they purchase to take home.
Canadian Tourism Commission state Canadas tourism industry generates 15.3 billion from foreign visitors in 1999.
Many international companies wish to transfer key managers and specialists to Canada for a period of time. The individual may apply for a work permit if granted later on apply for Permanent Resident Status in Canada.
10 Immigration Policies Cont Immigrant under Family Class an individual must be supported by a close family member (spouse parent grandparents etc.) who is a Canadian citizen or permanent resident already living in Canada and who promises to support the new arrival. 2. Refugees Refugees are people who have fled their country to escape persecution or war. Persecution may be reasons for race religion gender nationality political opinion or membership in particular social group. Asylum- somewhere one can go to find safety. Grant asylum means to offer protection in a safe country to people who are in danger in their own country. Sometimes refugees flee to countries where they are still not safe or where they cannot stay. These people can resettled in Canada as permanent residents. All refugees in Canada are allowed to participate fully in Canadian society to seek work and to go to school. Both adults and children can come to Canada. They help make Canada the richly diverse country. 11 Immigration Policies Cont 3.Immigrants You must have a Canadian Immigrant Visa if in order to relocate to Canada. A person can live and work anywhere in Canada and receive benefits of a Canadian citizenship they are permitted to apply for Canadian citizenship after three years and may sponsor family member for Canadian Permanent Resident Status. Two ways to qualify for Canadian Permanent Resident Status as an Independent Immigrant or as a member of a the Family Class. Independent Immigrants are divided into two categories Skilled Worker Category Relies on a point system its designed to indicate the likelihood of success in Canada. Points are gathered based on criteria including age education skills occupation language ability certain demographic factors and personal suitability. Business Category Investors entrepreneurs and self-employed people are selected based on their abilities to make a contribution to the economy or in certain cases the cultural and artistic life of Canada. 12 Dealing with the Trade Barriers
There are still major political debates concerning trade
Is freer trade good or bad
Ties with UK
The Asia-Pacific Economic Cooperation (APEC)
Fluctuation in the value of the Canadian dollar
Canadas immigration policies
13 Canadas Trading Partners Focus on Cuba
1959 Cuban revolution
The Toricelli Act
The Helms-Burton Act
Trading with Cuba
Fall of USSR
PowerShow.com is a leading presentation/slideshow sharing website. Whether your application is business, how-to, education, medicine, school, church, sales, marketing, online training or just for fun, PowerShow.com is a great resource. And, best of all, most of its cool features are free and easy to use.
You can use PowerShow.com to find and download example online PowerPoint ppt presentations on just about any topic you can imagine so you can learn how to improve your own slides and presentations for free. Or use it to find and download high-quality how-to PowerPoint ppt presentations with illustrated or animated slides that will teach you how to do something new, also for free. Or use it to upload your own PowerPoint slides so you can share them with your teachers, class, students, bosses, employees, customers, potential investors or the world. Or use it to create really cool photo slideshows - with 2D and 3D transitions, animation, and your choice of music - that you can share with your Facebook friends or Google+ circles. That's all free as well!
For a small fee you can get the industry's best online privacy or publicly promote your presentations and slide shows with top rankings. But aside from that it's free. We'll even convert your presentations and slide shows into the universal Flash format with all their original multimedia glory, including animation, 2D and 3D transition effects, embedded music or other audio, or even video embedded in slides. All for free. Most of the presentations and slideshows on PowerShow.com are free to view, many are even free to download. (You can choose whether to allow people to download your original PowerPoint presentations and photo slideshows for a fee or free or not at all.) Check out PowerShow.com today - for FREE. There is truly something for everyone!