Time August 14 1947birth of the Islamic Republic of Pakistan / August 15birth of the secular state of India
A moment comes which comes but rarely in history when we step out from the old to the new when an age ends and when the soul of a nation long suppressed finds utterance. Jawaharlal Nehru
2 (No Transcript) 3 Timeline 1
1600-British East India Company is established.
1905-First Partition of Bengal for administrative purposes. Gives the Muslims a majority in that state.
1906-All India Muslim League founded to promote Muslim political interests.
1909-Revocation of Partition of Bengal. Creates anti-British and anti-Hindu sentiments among Muslims as they lose their majority in East Bengal.
4 Timeline 2
1929-Congress calls for full independence.
1930-Dr. Allama Iqbal a poet-politician calls for a separate homeland for the Muslims.
1940-Jinnah calls for establishment of Pakistan in an independent and partitioned India.
1947-Announcement of Lord Mountbattens plan for partition of India 3 June. Partition of India and Pakistan 15 August.
1971-East Pakistan separates from West Pakistan and Bangladesh is born.
5 Impact and Aftermath
15 million refugees
Division of the provinces of Punjab and Bengal
Ruined economies and lands no established experienced system of government.
Separation of Pakistan and Bangladesh in 1971.
Wars between India and Pakistan deadlocked over Kashmir.
6 EARTH (1998)
Director Deepa Mehta
Adapted from Bapsi Sidhwas semi-autobiographical novel Cracking India
7 Deepa Mehta
Born in India in 1949
Based in Toronto since 1973
Her Indian film trilogy
Earththe partition of India
Waterlives of Indian widows in the 1930s
What is the meaning of the films title
8 EARTHNarrative Structure
Narrative frame Lenny 58 (1997) Lenny 8 (1947)
A childs perspectivea witness of the trauma of partition
the breaking up of the nation the violence and the distortion of human nature (the image of lion beast)love and sexuality
Why does the director choose to tell the story from Lennys perspective
innocence Parsees neutrality
9 EARTHThemes and Motifs
Religious and ethnic conflictsMuslims Hindus Sikhs migrations and uprooting (6 million Muslims to Pakistan 5 million Hindus and Sikhs to India)
What are the metaphors for partition in the film
broken plate torn doll
Indian customs kite flying Child bride
The Parsees and their identity problem
Lovea love triangle
What are the significances of the park scenesWhat is the symbolic meaning of the park
Who is your favorite character in the film and why
Compare the characters of Hassen and Dil Navaz.
Discuss Dil Navazs changes in the film. Why do think the original novel is subtitled The Ice candy Man
What do you think about the betrayal at the end of the film
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