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Wendy Weal


3.4 billion anti social behaviour. 60 billion crime. 110,000 child in residential care. 250,000 family with complex needs/ anti- social behaviour ... – PowerPoint PPT presentation

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Title: Wendy Weal

Supporting Parenting and Families
Wendy Weal Families At Risk Division DCSF
Effective parenting improves outcomes for
  • Effective parenting can protect against the risks
    of growing up poor or in a deprived
    neighbourhood, and reduce the likelihood of
    anti-social behaviour and crime
  • Impacts on educational attainment are
    particularly well documented
  • Parental interest in education is four times more
    important than SES factors in influencing
    attainment at 16
  • Parental involvement has a bigger impact on
    attainment at 7 11 than the quality of the
    school even controlling for social class
  • Strong rationale for government intervention to
    support those parents who are struggling
  • And to challenge parents who are unable or
    unwilling to meet these responsibilities

Family can also be a source of risk
Parental drug misuse
  • Parental problem drug use associated with
    neglect, poverty, physical or emotional abuse,
    separation and exposure to criminal behaviour
  • 2-3 of children have a parent misusing Class A
  • Alcohol misuse identified as a factor in 50 of
    all child protection cases
  • 1.3m children live with parents who misuse

Alcohol misuse
  • 25 children witnessing domestic violence have
    serious social and behavioural problems
  • Estimates suggest at least 240,000 children
    exposed to DV

Domestic violence
  • 63 of boys with convicted fathers go on to be
    convicted themselves
  • children of prisoners have 3 times the risk for
    mental health problems or delinquent behaviour
    compared to their peers
  • 162,000 children had a parent in prison (2005),
    55 of female offenders have a child under

Parental offending
SEU study showed 2 or 140,000 families with
children experiencing 5 or more disadvantages
Percentage of families with children experiencing
5 or more disadvantages

The consistency of this figure over 2001 to 2004
suggests that improvements such as the reduction
in child poverty may not be reaching such
  • Basket of indicators of disadvantages includes
  • No parent in the family is in work
  • Family lives in poor quality or overcrowded
  • No parent has any qualifications
  • Mother has mental health problems
  • At least one parent has a long-standing limiting
    illness, disability or infirmity
  • Family has low income (below 60 median)
  • Family cannot afford a number of food and
    clothing items

Multiple disadvantage can cast a long shadow
Supporting these parents and families is crucial
to many social and government objectives . . .
and there are strong economic arguments....estima
ted costs.... 406 m illion school
exclusion 8.1 billion 16 18 year olds not
being in education, employment or
training 3.4 billion anti social behaviour
60 billion crime 110,000 child in
residential care. 250,000 family with complex
needs/ anti- social behaviour
Developing the potential of parenting and family
support to improve child outcomes
  • Parenting support programmes can make an enormous
  • Despite this there were
  • Problems with supply and availability
  • Agencies dont refer
  • Or dont refer early enough
  • Targeting reach
  • Issues about quality of practice
  • What are we doing
  • Supporting local authorities to develop
    parenting support
  • Developing the workforce
  • Increasing targeted provision

Increasing needs
Early signs of risk
Parenting Early Intervention Projects -
Increases the availability of parenting
programmes to reach at risk 8-13 year olds
Parenting Experts - Building on the Respect
Parenting Practitioners - One or two in each LA
-A strategic and delivery role dependent on the
priorities within the LA
High needs
Parent Support Advisers - to support parents and
improve behaviour, attainment and attendance -
rolled out across all LAs after a pilot with 20
Universal services
Respect Parenting Practitioners - Parenting
experts in 77 areas - to help parents of
children or young people involved in or at risk
of ASB
Childrens Trust Childrens Centres Extended
Schools Integrated service delivery Systems
reform Workforce development Think Family
15 Family Pathfinders - Multi agency support
plan to address wider needs of the whole family
- Based on FIPs but working with a wider group of
  • Universal Services, eg
  • Families Information Services and general
    provision of information
  • Transition information services
  • Early learning and childcare
  • Family Intervention Projects
  • - whole family assessment
  • - Assertive key worker
  • - challenge support package
  • enforcement measures
  • Usually ASB trigger

Whole family support
Parenting programmes
Significant investment in parenting and family
  • Providing a ring fenced grant (2009-2011) for all
    authorities to
  • Implement Think Family reforms to local
    authority and health service systems and
  • Offer Parenting Early Intervention Programmes
    (PEIPs) to help mothers and fathers of children
    (aged 8-13) at risk of poor outcomes improve
    their parenting skills
  • Continue to fund Parenting Experts and
    Practitioners in all authorities and
  • Set up Youth Crime Family Intervention Projects
    (FIPs) to provide intensive support to families
    in the greatest difficulty.

What is think family ?
  • a series of changes to LA services and systems
  • extend the integration of childrens services
    within Every Child Matters to all services
    working with children, young people adults
  • ensure that all services working with vulnerable
    children, young people and adults consider the
    family context and
  • Identify families which are at risk and provide
    support at the earliest opportunity
  • Meet the full-range of needs within each family
    they are supporting
  • Developing services which can respond effectively
    to the most challenging families
  • Strengthen the ability of family members to
    provide care and support to each other

Improving the response of services and systems
to vulnerable families
Better systems for identifying and engaging
families at risk (those with multiple and complex
problems putting their children at risk of poor
Whole family assessment
Building on the CAF, which looks at the needs,
strengths and interrelation of problems of the
whole family
Multi agency support plan
Managed by lead workers who case work families,
working directly with them and co-ordinating
other service involvement
Improved information sharing
To enable early identification and interventions
To ensure the full range of evidence based
programmes and interventions to meet family needs
Joined up planning commissioning
Integration between adult and childrens
At all levels of local services such as clear
accountability for families through joined-up
governance to and a common vision and agreed
outcomes for families across services as part of
the LAA process.
For the most challenging families we need the
Family Intervention Project model
  • A new approach to the most challenging families
  • A dedicated key worker with low caseloads
  • Taking a whole family perspective to assessment
    and the development of support packages
  • They gain the agreement of the family to a range
    of behavioural changes and engagement in
  • Use of a contract
  • Persistent and assertive working method
  • Effective multi agency arrangements

The Youth Crime Action Plan recognised the
effectiveness of FIPs in preventing youth crime
and delivering a whole range of outcomes
We need to focus on the one in twenty young
people who commit half of all youth crime. These
are the families whose children are disrupting
the classrooms, or worse, roaming the streets
committing crime. We will expand successful
family interventions to an estimated 20,000
families, increase support for those who need it,
but in return, tough sanctions, including
eviction, if they do not respond. 15 July 2008
  • Child poverty FIPs tackling child poverty and
    inter generational worklessness
  • Youth Crime FIPs to prevent offending
  • YCAP funding to put a FIP in every LA as part of
    efforts to tackle Youth Crime

Number of Family Intervention Projects 2006-11
Where do we need to get to?
A integrated and appropriate service response to
all families at risk
  • Joined up FIP type provision sufficient to meet
    the needs of the most extreme families (whatever
    their combinations of problems)

  • Wider availability of evidence based parenting
    programmes to support families when risks emerge

  • Early parenting and family support e.g websites,
    helplines delivered through universal services
  • Underpinning all this Changes in attitudes,
    culture and behaviour at local level and on the
    front line (achieved by Think Family, workforce
    reform and Children's Trusts) to identify and
    intervene early with all families at risk
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