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Medieval Africa

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people had a need for salt. people had a desire for gold. Traders paid ... A group of people from the same ancestor. Government in Ghana. Monarchies - Kings ... – PowerPoint PPT presentation

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Title: Medieval Africa


1
Medieval Africa
  • Western African Empires
  • A.D. 570s - 1590s

2
Ghana
  • Location Western Africa
  • Time period 400s - 1100s

3
Ghanas rise to power
  • Taxing traders
  • many passed through Ghana
  • taxing lots of
  • More Money More Power
  • Why were traders willing to pay taxes?

4
Ghanas rise to power
  • Traders paid taxes because Ghana had . . .
  • iron weapons
  • mighty army
  • control of gold mines
  • power because
  • people had a need for salt
  • people had a desire for gold

5
Trade in Ghana
  • Goods traded
  • iron products
  • animal products
  • salt
  • gold
  • Remember
  • they did NOT own gold mines
  • the importance of taxes

6
Trade Routes in Ghana
  • Ghana traded with
  • people north and east of the Sahara Desert

7
Government in Ghana
  • Group of advisors
  • Oversaw small districts

A group of people from the same ancestor
8
Government in Ghana
  • Monarchies - Kings
  • inherited power through their . . .
  • held tight to power
  • controlled trade
  • NO trade without Kings permission
  • were the only ones with gold nuggets
  • people traded in gold dust
  • WHY does this matter?

9
The Ghana Empire falls 1200s A.D.
  • The discovery of new gold mines
  • Reduction in taxes
  • Farming
  • Land could not produce enough food
  • Fighting
  • Ghana vs. North African Muslims

10
Mali
  • Location Western Africa
  • Time period 1200 -1450

11
Malis rise to power
  • Sundiata Keita
  • The Lion King
  • of Mali

12
Mali under Sundiata Keitaruled1230 - 1255
  • The Lion Prince
  • Warrior King
  • Seized the capital of Ghana - 1240 A.D.
  • Controlled land from Atlantic Ocean to beyond
    Timbuktu (trading city)
  • Seized capital of Ghana
  • Mali strengthened the gold and salt trade

13
Trade in Mali
  • Salt
  • Gold

14
Trade Routes in Mali
  • Mali trade routes
  • Took Niger River north through the Sahara Desert

15
Government in Mali
  • Looked a little like Ghana
  • managed different parts of the economy

protected provinces
16
Mali under King Mansa Musa
  • Islam is strong
  • Many mosques and libraries were built
  • Mosques Muslim places of worship
  • His journey to Mecca
  • to show power
  • it did help Islam grow
  • brought back architects, teachers, and writers
  • How did this contribute to the strength of his
    empire?

17
The Mali Empire Falls
  • 1332 - death of Mansa Musa
  • What have we learned about leadership in Greek,
    Roman, and other societies so far in history?
  • Kings who followed could not stop invaders

18
Songhai
  • Location Western Africa
  • Time period1000-1600s

19
Songhais rise to power
  • After the death of Mansa Musa, Mali weakened.
  • 1468 - Sunni Ali storms Timbuktu
  • drove out the Berbers (invaders)
  • campaign of conquest
  • Niger River valley
  • war with canoes
  • swept the Sahara
  • took over salt mines
  • Empire grows largest in Africa

20
Songhai after Sunni Ali
  • Askia Muhammed takes control
  • built the largest empire in all of Medieval
    West Africa
  • Timbuktu became a center of Islamic culture
  • Empire exists for over 100 years

21
Trade in Songhai
  • salt
  • gold
  • Trade Routes
  • Center of Trade
  • was the city of
  • Timbuktu
  • Niger River Valley

22
Government in Songhai
  • Looked a little like Malis . . .
  • . . . But was different
  • Monarchy
  • land divided into providences
  • Islam influenced kings
  • Kings focused on
  • conquering othersvs ruling their government

23
The Songhai Empire falls
  • 1591 - Morocco invades Songhai
  • Arabs with better weapons
  • A few months, and it is gone

24
In Medieval Africa did size matter?
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