570 families living in 6 communities socalled fincas
Kolla communities practice transhumance
Creation of the Man and Biosphere Reserve in 2002.
3 Vegetation belts Grasslands Cloud mountain forest Mountain forest Piedmont forest 4 (No Transcript) 5 Man and Biosphere Strategy
MABs strategy is to implement Buffer Zones where management should be applied to simultaneously minimize human impact on conservation areas and address the socio-economic needs of the affected population.
In the MAB approach people are just as important as biodiversity and economic development is the starting point (Ebregt 2000).
6 Kolla cosmovision
Man appears as an indivisible part of the Cosmos referred to as the World a world composed by earth water and light the Natural World is equal to Pachamama
7 Deforestation 8 Some historical facts
1932 owner of a large sugarcane company acquired the land of Finca San Andres in a state auction
Kollas were forced to work in the sugarcane fields
1946 march of all Kolla communities to Buenos Aires more than 1500 km
1948 an expropriation law was issued however it has never been implemented
A series of violent conflicts followed
9 Some historical facts
1986 Patron Costas proposed to donate 89.000 ha of land corresponding to the summer villages
1993 Last peace march to Buenos Aires president Menem expropriates 19.000 ha and establishes a moratorium on logging
10 San Andres present situation Donacion donated high grassland Remanente remnant land in private hands Expropiado expropriated land of winter villages.
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