Social organizations and arrangement that perform the basic functions meet the needs of societyand are generally acknowledged by people as essential to societys survival.
Major social institutions in society
2 Family as a Social Institution
Family is the primary social institution that have performed the following functions
Socialization of children
Take care of the sick the elderly and the disabled
Regulate control and channel sexual behavior
Critical question what functions family play today
Why family changes
3 Functions of major social institutions
Manifest functions organize and regulate the production distribution and consumption of goods and services
latent functions reproduce the stratification system and maintain social inequality.
Political system maintain internal as well as external order by exercising power and authority.
Dysfunction state coercion nationalism
1 4 Changes in American economic system
From Individual capitalism to corporate capitalism
From laizze-faire to welfare
From free competition to monopoly
Convergence theory mixed economy
5 Vision Statement
Religious system meets social and individual needs
(for individual) beliefs and spiritual support.
(for society) promotes social solidarity and maintain moral standard legitimize social stratification promote social change
Dysfunctions causes discrimination persecution strife wars and hinders social change.
Educational system transmit knowledge values norms and ideologies (mainstreaming) provide training for the labor force and reinforce the stratification system (gatekeeping and tracking) and maintain inequality (reproduce social class).
Health Care take care of the health well-being of the population and cure disease (preventive medicine vs curative medicine).
2 6 Criminal Justice System
Manifest function deter and control crimes.
Three parts of criminal justice the police
Critical thinking question
Criminal Justice in America deter crime
Prison for correcting and rehabilitation
7 Why Criminal Justice Fail to deter crime
America prison is a school to learn to become more criminal.
Problems internal structure inconsistent with the goals.
Gap between written laws and laws in practice
Social structural factors affect law enforcement
Law is subjected to individual interpretation of judges and officers.
Social construction of brutality group conformity
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