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Rembrandt van Rijn 16061669 Northern Baroque

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The son of a prosperous miller, he eventually convinced his ... The gentle father comes into the light to accept the head of his ragged, formerly rejected son. ... – PowerPoint PPT presentation

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Title: Rembrandt van Rijn 16061669 Northern Baroque


1
Rembrandt van Rijn (1606-1669)Northern Baroque
2
REMBRANDT
  • The son of a prosperous miller, he eventually
    convinced his dad to support his painting instead
    of going to a professional school.
  • He trained with several artists in Leiden, then
    moved to Amsterdam, the largest Dutch city, in
    1632.
  • He painted this picture of himself as a young
    man. Do you notice how much is in shadow? Are
    there sharp outlines or soft fades into the
    background? Do you like that he looks right at
    you?

3
Early Career
  • He was immediately successful in getting clients,
    creating portraits, landscapes and prints.
  • In 1634 he married Saskia. They had 4 children,
    three of whom died in childhood. Saskia died in
    1642.
  • Rembrandt often used himself and his family as
    models in his work.
  • This picture is of Saskia. Does she look
    wealthy? How does the light highlight some parts
    of the painting, while others fade?

4
Northern Baroque
  • Rembrandt adopted the chiarascurro
    (cheer-a-skur-o) technique used by Caravaggio.
  • Chiarascurro is the art term for the contrast
    between light and shadow.
  • In his use of shading, Rembrandt attempted to
    reveal the character of his subjects. His
    canvasses glow with empathy and insights.
  • This is another self-portrait, though its a
    quick pen and ink drawing.
  • How does he show shading when hes just using
    black ink?

5
Mature paintings
  • After the death of his wife, his brushwork became
    looser and the lighting took center stage.
  • In this self portrait from the year of his death,
    the realistic face shows the cares of his later
    years.
  • He went bankrupt in his later years, spending
    beyond his means.
  • In this self-portrait, can you see a person who
    has suffered some in life? Where does the light
    force the eye to look? Notice how the hands are
    blurry.

6
Anatomy Lesson of Dr. Tulp
  • At this time, only corpses of executed criminals
    could be used for dissection, so when an
    opportunity arose, doctors and important citizens
    attended the event.
  • Hired to paint such a group by the doctors
    guild, Rembrandt arranged the group diagonally,
    with the body dramatically cutting through the
    space.
  • Where does the light make your eye go? Notice
    how each of the viewers are staring intently,
    with individual expressions on their faces.

7
Anatomy Lesson of Dr. Tulp
  • The group gazes at different points--the doctor,
    the body, internally.
  • The light draws the eye to the face of the body,
  • The doctor is demonstrating how the tendon in the
    wrist works to the group.
  • Do you like this picture? Why or why not?

8
The Night Watch (1642)
  • An enormous canvas (12 x 15), shows the a
    militia company gathering for a parade.
  • A recent cleaning has shown the bright colors and
    strong shadows of the original work.
  • Although each man portrayed paid equally for the
    commission, some are in shadow while others
    overlap.
  • Notice the diagonal lines draw the eye to the lit
    areas of the canvass. They are wearing the
    normal fashions of the day. Does this feel like
    a real crowd? Do you feel a sense of movement?
    Do you like this picture? Why?

9
The Night Watch
  • From no clear source, the light falls on the man
    in yellow and the children behind. The rich
    textures of the fabrics glow in the light.
  • The work was cut down from its original size to
    fit the wall of the guilds main room.
  • The light and composition are considered a
    highpoint of the Baroque style.
  • Many Baroque works are notable for their sense of
    movement. How does Rembrandt make this scene
    move?

10
Return of the Prodigal Son
  • As he aged, Rembrandt turned more to religious
    topics and away from the physical details. The
    quiet, powerful insights into the psychological
    make-up of his subjects vibrate off the canvas in
    these works.
  • As his colors darken and his brushwork loosens,
    the underlying feel of the work takes center
    stage.
  • This picture is based on the biblical story of a
    son who had abandoned his family only to return
    after much suffering to ask the forgiveness of
    his father, who provides it. Can you feel the
    emotion in the picture?

11
Return of the Prodigal Son
  • The gentle father comes into the light to accept
    the head of his ragged, formerly rejected son.
    The elder son stands to the right, confused by
    his fathers act.
  • Only the hands of the father and the feet of the
    kneeling son are painted with detail, while the
    faces are barely shown.
  • Why did he use such quiet color? Do you know
    where the light comes from--did you notice that
    Rembrandt rarely shows its source?

12
Etching
  • Rembrandt was very productive in his
    life--completing perhaps 300 canvasses and over
    600 etching and prints. He left behind a large
    body of work, from drawings, prints, portraits,
    and landscapes.
  • Later artists revered Rembrandt for his intense
    treatments and strong topics.
  • The focus on the individual features and feelings
    of his subjects set Rembrandt apart from his
    peers. He was able to convey deep feelings with
    his shadowing, even in etches.
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