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Model United Nations

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These bodies do not make laws but suggests ways to solve problems. What is a ... that there is little or no ill will; tact: Seating one's dinner guest often ... – PowerPoint PPT presentation

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Title: Model United Nations


1
Model United Nations
  • How to Write a Resolution

2
The United Nations
  • Established 1945
  • 192 countries
  • All adhere to the UN charter
  • Cooperation
  • Respect of human rights
  • Peace

3
Structure
  • The main bodies include
  • General Assembly
  • Security Council
  • Economic and Social Council
  • Secretariat
  • These bodies do not make laws but suggests ways
    to solve problems.

4
What is a resolution?
  • A written statement expressing an opinion
  • about an issue
  • A way to outline a solution
  • Solution first, resolution second!

5
Why would you write a Resolution?
  • To state a position and give recommendations
  • A resolution is a way to
  • Express an opinion
  • Criticize or put pressure on member states
  • Recommend that action
  • be taken

6
Who writes a resolution?
  • A single country
  • OR
  • A group of countries
  • that share the same ideas on an issue

7
Format
  • One long sentence separated by commas (,) and
  • semi-colons ()
  • A period only appears at the very end!
  • 3 main parts
  • Heading
  • Preamble
  • Operative clauses

8
The Heading
  • A way to identify the resolution
  • Identifies 3 things
  • WHERE the resolution will be submitted
  • WHAT the topic is
  • WHO the author is
  • Format On separate lines at top left hand corner

9
Example Heading
  • Committee General Assembly
  • Topic Raising health standards throughout the
    world
  • Sponsor Brazil

10
The Preamble
  • Describes why this Resolution is important
  • We can include
  • U.N. Charter
  • Other resolutions
  • What the UN has said about issue
  • Other groups working on problem
  • Do your research!
  • Format Each phrase followed by a comma (,)
  • Last clause followed by a colon ()

11
Example of a Preamble
  • Taking into account that many people are living
    in poverty,
  • Noting with approval the steps taken by the
    General Assembly in dealing with this problem,
  • Alarmed by the standard of living in many
    countries,
  • Seeking to increase health standards throughout
    the world

Comma
Colon
12
Example of words for the preamble
  • Acknowledging
  • Alarmed by
  • Appreciating
  • Aware
  • Concerned
  • Keeping in mind
  • Recognizing
  • Taking into consideration

13
Operative Clauses
  • Describe what action should be taken
  • They are reasonable solutions that the committee
    can enforce.
  • Format
  • Begin each phrase with
  • End each with a semi-colon () and the last with
    a period
  • Number each phrase
  • Underline the Operative

14
Examples of Operative Clauses
  • 1. Calls upon member states to increase economic
    aid to countries with poor health standards
  • 2. Trusts that the Economic and Social Council
    will address this issue accordingly
  • 3. Invites the World Bank and the International
    Monetary Fund to work on this problem
  • 4. 5. Encourages the use of non-governmental
    organizations in solving this problem.

Semi-colon
Period
15
Examples of wordsin Operative Clauses
  • Decides
  • Declares
  • Directs
  • Encourages
  • Recommends
  • Reminds
  • Requests
  • Suggests
  • Supports

16
Sample Resolution
  • The General Assembly,
  • Recognizing that China is a permanent member of
    the Security Council,
  • Taking into account that China has threatened war
    with Taiwan
  • Urges the nations of the world to consider
    sanctions against China
  • Condemns China using live ammunition in its
    military exercises.

17
Dos and Donts of Resolution Writing
18
Dos
  • Do write the correct names of the country and
    committee that you are in
  • Do use many different sources to support your
    point
  • Do look at the problem from different points of
    view
  • Do present realistic solutions in your resolution
  • Do represent your country and its actual foreign
    policy

19
Donts
  • Dont abbreviate the names of the committees
  • (e.g. Great Britain is the United Kingdom of
    Great Britain and Northern Ireland)
  • Dont use I when referring to yourself say
    we or the delegate from ____
  • Dont make a resolution very long, but be
    specific when giving solutions

20
Art of Diplomacy
  • Di-plo-ma-cy
  • 1. The conduct by government officials of
    negotiations and other relations between nations.
  • 2. The art or science of conducting such
    negotiations
  • 3. Skill in managing negotiations, handling
    people, etc., so that there is little or no ill
    will tact Seating ones dinner guest often
    calls for considerable diplomacy

21
Art of Diplomacy in Resolution Writing
  • Diplomacy is thinking twice before saying
    nothing.
  • -
    Unknown
  • It is important to be diplomatic because
  • Demonstrating courtesy is essential
  • Resolutions often address sensitive topics
  • Diplomacy can help you
  • achieve what you want

22
Diplomacy Activity
  • You will now split up into five small groups.
  • With your group mates, think about how diplomacy
    could solve the following problems you will
    receive.
  • Be prepared to share your solution with the rest
    of the class.

23
Lets Review!
  • What is included in the heading of a resolution?
  • In the preambulatory clause? In the operative
    clause?
  • Who is responsible for writing a resolution?
  • Why is a resolution normally written?

24
More Review
  • Name a few Dos and Donts of resolution
    writing.
  • What is the art of diplomacy?
  • How does the art of diplomacy relate to writing a
    resolution?

25
Conclusion
  • Now you are prepared to write your OWN
    resolution to present in your Committee during
    the Model UN Conference!

26
QUESTIONS?
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