Title: TWU Institute for Womens Health TWU Institute for Womens Health TWU Institute for Womens Health
1 IS THERE A RELATIONSHIP BETWEEN DIETARY INTAKE FOOD PREFERENCES AND BMI IN OBESE HISPANIC TODDLERS A. Popejoy N. DiMarco E. Andersson C. Huettig C. Sanborn Texas Womans University Institute for Womens Health Denton TX ABSTRACT PURPOSE RESULTS DISCUSSION The purpose of this study was to investigate the relationship between body mass index (BMI) dietary intake and parents report of childrens food preferences in at-risk obese Hispanic toddlers. Dietary intake and food preferences of 67 obese (BMI percentile) Hispanic toddlers ages 13 to 60 months were analyzed to determine if correlations existed between dietary habits and BMI. No correlations were found between BMI and dietary intake or between BMI and fat content of childrens food preferences. A significant (p found to exist between the number of visits with a WIC dietitian and percent of total calories from fat. Foods regularly consumed and common favorite foods of at-risk obese Hispanic toddlers were identified. The purpose of this study was to examine the relationship between BMI parents report of childrens food preferences and food intake of obese Hispanic toddlers. Determining the specific nutritional factors and feeding practices that influence obesity will assist nutrition educators in developing nutrition recommendations that promote the proper growth of children while protecting their health.
The present study found no significant relationship between toddlers dietary intake and BMI.
The dietary intake patterns in this study were relatively consistent with intakes of toddlers and adolescents in other studies.
The participants in this study had an average calorie intake of 81.5 kcal/kg. The recommended intake for this age group is 90-102 kcal/kg indicating underreporting of dietary intake
The more times participants visit with the WIC dietitian the lower their percent of calories from fat.
Mean Daily Macronutrient Values from Diet Histories of Obese At-Risk Hispanic Toddlers (n 67) INTRODUCTION
An estimated one in four children in the United States is overweight while 11 are obese.
Childhood obesity has been associated with numerous adverse health outcomes including diabetes heart disease respiratory problems and cancer
The current obesity epidemic likely has many causes however decreased physical activity and changes in dietary intake are recognized as common risk factors.
Obesity disproportionately affects minority groups and low-income individuals.
The Special Supplemental Nutrition Program for Women Infants and Children (WIC) provides free nutrition education and supplemental nutrition packages to low-income families.
Even though obesity is becoming a widespread epidemic among low-income children assistance programs at WIC are currently not designed to appropriately address the obesity epidemic.
METHODS One-day food histories obtained from participants WIC files. Diet analysis performed on Nutritionist Five software (First DataBank Inc. San Bruno CA). a USDA Food and Nutrition Information Center. (2003). Dietary Reference Intakes (DRI) and Recommended Dietary Allowances (RDA) from http//www.nal.usda.gov/fnic/ bNo data (ND)
There is no significant relationship between the dietary intake of obese Hispanic toddlers and body mass index (BMI).
Hispanic obese toddlers have percent fat intakes (32) greater than the recommended intake of less than 30 of total calories.
Hispanic obese toddlers have saturated fat intakes (13) greater than the recommended intake of less than 10 of total calories.
There is a significant negative relationship between a childs percent fat intake and the number of family visits with WIC High-Risk dietitians.
Breakfast cereal beans tortillas whole milk ground beef fruit juice and chicken drumsticks are foods commonly eaten by Hispanic toddlers.
Fruit milk chicken and soups are common favorite foods of Hispanic toddlers.
Pearson Product Moment Coefficient of Correlations
BMI and of total calories from fat r -.028
BMI and of total calories from carbohydrate r -.014
BMI and of total calories from protein r .071
BMI and Fat Score r .225
Visits with the WIC dietitian and of total calories
from fat r -.20 Significant at the 0.05 level 2-tailed TWU Institute for Womens Health TWU Institute for Womens Health TWU Institute for Womens Health
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