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Being GREEN at home and at work

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Title: Being GREEN at home and at work


1
Being GREEN at home and at work
  • Amanda Gourgue, CMP
  • amanda_at_startameetingrevolution.com

2
Agenda
Introduction about Meeting Revolution and
ME! Definitions Ways of being green at home
and at work Individual and Group Work Wrap
Up Additional Questions and Answers
3
Amanda Gourgue, CMP
4
Definitions
  • Energy Star
  • LEED
  • CSR
  • Sustainability
  • Biodegradable
  • Non-toxic
  • Organic

5
Definitions Energy Star
  • ENERGY STAR is a joint program of the U.S.
    Environmental Protection Agency and the U.S.
    Department of Energy helping us all save money
    and protect the environment through energy
    efficient products and practices.
  • Results are already adding up. Americans, with
    the help of ENERGY STAR, saved enough energy in
    2007 alone to avoid greenhouse gas emissions
    equivalent to those from 27 million cars all
    while saving 16 billion on their utility bills.

6
Lets simplify. 27 million cars Enough cars
to fill the Packers Stadium for 81
seasons!!! 16 billion - 16,000,000,000!!!!
That is almost 500,000 houses That is enough
electricity to run all the houses in Milwaukee,
Madison, Green Bay and Appleton
7
Definitions LEED
  • Leadership in Energy and Environmental Design
  • US Green Building Council
  • Rating system Certified, Silver, Gold, Platinum
  • New Construction, Existing Buildings, Core
    Shell, Commercial Interiors, Healthcare, Schools,
    Retail, Homes and Neighborhood Development

8
Definitions CSR
  • Corporate Social Responsibility is a concept
    whereby organizations consider the interests of
    society by taking responsibility for the impact
    of their activities on customers, suppliers,
    employees, shareholders, communities and other
    stakeholders, as well as the environment. This
    obligation is seen to extend beyond the statutory
    obligation to comply with legislation and sees
    organizations voluntarily taking further steps to
    improve the quality of life for employees and
    their families as well as for the local community
    and society at large.
  • Environment, Workplace and Community

9
Definitions
  • Sustainable Capable of being continued with
    minimal long-term effect on the environment
  • Example Bamboo is a sustainable product
  • Biodegradable This unregulated term is
    meaningful only if it specifies the amount of
    time it takes for the product to decompose, as
    most substances will eventually biodegrade over
    time given the right conditions, such as
    sunlight.
  • Non-toxic There is no official definition or
    third-party verification for this claim. Not
    meaningful.
  • Organic Household cleaning products aren't
    regulated by the Organic Foods Production Act,
    but some of their ingredients, such as plant
    oils, can be labeled "certified organic."

10
Home Appliances
  • Energy Star Appliances
  • Washers Cut water consumption by 40
  • No Central Agitator
  • Front-loaders tumble clothes through a small
    amount of water instead of rubbing clothes
    against an agitator in a full tub. Advanced top
    loaders use sophisticated wash systems to flip or
    spin clothes through a reduced stream of water.
    Both designs dramatically reduce the amount of
    hot water used in the wash cycle, and the energy
    used to heat it.
  • High Spin Speeds
  • Efficient motors spin clothes two-three times
    faster during the spin cycle to extract more
    water. Less moisture in the clothes means less
    time and energy in the dryer.

11
Home Appliances
  • Dishwashers
  • Replacing a dishwasher manufactured before 1994
    with an ENERGY STAR qualified dishwasher can save
    you more than 30 a year in utility costs.
  • ENERGY STAR qualified dishwashers use at least 41
    percent less energy than the federal minimum
    standard for energy consumption.
  • ENERGY STAR qualified dishwashers use much less
    water than conventional models. Saving water
    helps protect our nations water supplies.
  • Because they use less hot water compared to new
    conventional models, an ENERGY STAR qualified
    dishwasher saves about 90 over its lifetime.
  • Helpful Hints
  • Run your dishwasher with a full load. Most of the
    energy used by a dishwasher goes to heat water.
    Since you cant decrease the amount of water used
    per cycle, fill your dishwasher to get the most
    from the energy used to run it.
  • Avoid using the heat-dry, rinse-hold and
    pre-rinse features. Instead use your dishwashers
    air-dry option.

12
Home Appliances
  • Refrigerators
  • ENERGY STAR qualified refrigerators require about
    half as much energy as models manufactured before
    1993. ENERGY STAR qualified refrigerators provide
    energy savings without sacrificing the features
    you want.
  • ENERGY STAR qualified refrigerator models use
    high efficiency compressors, improved insulation,
    and more precise temperature and defrost
    mechanisms to improve energy efficiency.
  • ENERGY STAR qualified refrigerator models use at
    least 20 less energy than required by current
    federal standards and 40 less energy than the
    conventional models sold in 2001.
  • Remember, saving energy prevents pollution. In
    most households, the refrigerator is the single
    biggest energy consuming kitchen appliance.
    Replacing a refrigerator bought in 1990 with a
    new ENERGY STAR qualified model would save enough
    energy to light the average household for nearly
    four months.

13
Home Appliances
  • Refrigerator, continued
  • Helpful Hints
  • Position your refrigerator away from a heat
    source such as an oven, a dishwasher, or direct
    sunlight from a window.
  • To allow air to circulate around the condenser
    coils, leave a space between the wall or cabinets
    and the refrigerator or freezer and keep the
    coils clean.
  • Make sure the door seals are airtight.
  • Keep your refrigerator between 35 and 38 degrees
    Fahrenheit and your freezer at 0 degrees
    Fahrenheit.
  • Minimize the amount of time the refrigerator door
    is open.
  • Recycle older or second refrigerators.
  • Recycle My Old Fridge Campaign
  • More than 47 million fridges over ten years old
    in the U.S.
  • Recycle My Old Fridge is a new, nationwide effort
    by the U.S. Department of Energy and the
    government's ENERGY STAR program,
    RecycleMyOldFridge.com

14
Home Appliances
  • Bottom Line -
  • Energy Star
    Unit Conventional Unit
  • Cost 1,100 1,070
  • Annual Costs
  • Energy Costs 40 46
  • Life Cycle Energy Cost
  • Energy Costs 395 (5,293 KWh) 464 (6,228
    KWh)
  • Purchase Price 1,100 1,070
  • Total 1,140 1,534 Paid Back 4.3 yrs
  • Air pollution reduction equivalence (cars of
    road) - .13
  • Air pollution reduction equivalence (acres of
    forest) - .18
  • US Households 111,162,259
  • Every person replaces their refrigerator
    14,451,093 cars
  • 20,009,206 acres of forest

15
Home Appliances
  • Bottom Line - , continued
  • Dishwasher
  • Energy Star Unit Conventional Unit
  • Annual Costs
  • Electricity 17 24
  • Water 4 5
  • Gas 7 22
  • Energy Costs 28 51
  • Life Cycle Energy Cost
  • Electricity 148 209
  • Water 31 47
  • Gas 65 196
  • Total LC Energy Cost 245 452
  • Purchase Price 545 545
  • Total 790 997 Paid Back 0.0 yrs

16
Home Car Other Engines
  • Gasoline Electric Hybrid Car
  • Examples Prius, Ford Escape Hybrid,
  • Nissan Altima Hybrid, Lexus RX, etc
  • How it works?
  • A gas-powered car has a fuel tank, which supplies
    gasoline to the engine. The engine then turns a
    transmission, which turns the wheels.
  • An electric car, on the other hand, has a set of
    batteries that provides electricity to an
    electric motor. The motor turns a transmission,
    and the transmission turns the wheels.
  • The hybrid is a compromise. It attempts to
    significantly increase the mileage and reduce the
    emissions of a gas-powered car while overcoming
    the shortcomings of an electric car.

17
Home Car Other Engines
  • To be useful, a car must meet certain minimum
    requirements. The car should be able to
  • Drive at least 300 miles (482 km) before
    re-fueling
  • Be refueled quickly and easily
  • Keep up with the other traffic on the road
  • A gasoline car meets these requirements but
    produces a relatively large amount of pollution
    and generally gets poor gas mileage. An electric
    car, however, produces almost no pollution, but
    it can only go 50 to 100 miles (80 to 161 km)
    between charges. And the problem has been that
    the electric car is very slow and inconvenient to
    recharge.
  • A gasoline-electric car combines these two setups
    into one system that leverages both gas power and
    electric power.

18
Home Car Other Engines
  • Parallel hybrid - has a fuel tank that
  • supplies gasoline to the engine and a
  • set of batteries that supplies power to
  • the electric motor. Both the engine and
  • the electric motor can turn the
  • transmission at the same time, and the
  • transmission then turns the wheels.
  • Series hybrid - the gasoline engine turns a
    generator, and the generator can either charge
    the batteries or power an electric motor that
    drives the transmission. Thus, the gasoline
    engine never directly powers the
  • vehicle.

19
Home Car Other Engines
  • Driving More Efficiently
  • Drive Sensibly
  • Aggressive driving (speeding, rapid acceleration
    and braking) wastes gas. It can lower your gas
    mileage by 33 percent at highway speeds and by 5
    percent around town.
  • Fuel Economy Benefit 5-33
  • Equivalent Gasoline Savings 0.19-1.23/gallon
  • Observe the Speed Limit
  • While each vehicle reaches its optimal fuel
    economy at a different speed (or range of
    speeds), gas mileage usually decreases rapidly at
    speeds above 60 mph. You can assume that each 5
    mph you drive over 60 mph is like paying an
    additional 0.26 per gallon for gas.
  • Fuel Economy Benefit 7-23
  • Equivalent Gasoline Savings 0.26-0.86/gallon

20
Home Car Other Engines
  • Remove Excess Weight
  • Avoid keeping unnecessary items in your vehicle,
    especially heavy ones. An extra 100 pounds in
    your vehicle could reduce your MPG by up to 2.
    The reduction is based on the percentage of extra
    weight relative to the vehicle's weight and
    affects smaller vehicles more than larger ones.
  • Fuel Economy Benefit 1-2/100 lbs
  • Equivalent Gasoline Savings 0.04-0.07/gallon
  • Keeping Your Car In Shape
  • Keep Your Engine Properly Tuned
  • Fixing a car that is noticeably out of tune or
    has failed an emissions test can improve its gas
    mileage by an average of 4 percent, though
    results vary based on the kind of repair and how
    well it is done. Fixing a serious maintenance
    problem, such as a faulty oxygen sensor, can
    improve your mileage by as much as 40 percent.
  • Fuel Economy Benefit 4
  • Equivalent Gasoline Savings 0.15/gallon

21
Home Car Other Engines
  • Check Replace Air Filters Regularly
  • Replacing a clogged air filter can improve your
    car's gas mileage by as much as 10 percent. Your
    car's air filter keeps impurities from damaging
    the inside of your engine. Not only will
    replacing a dirty air filter save gas, it will
    protect your engine.
  • Fuel Economy Benefit up to 10
  • Equivalent Gasoline Savings up to 0.37/gallon
  • Keep Tires Properly Inflated
  • You can improve your gas mileage by around 3.3
    percent by keeping your tires inflated to the
    proper pressure. Under-inflated tires can lower
    gas mileage by 0.3 percent for every 1 psi drop
    in pressure of all four tires. Properly inflated
    tires are safer and last longer.
  • Fuel Economy Benefit up to 3
  • Equivalent Gasoline Savings up to 0.11/gallon

22
Home Car Other Engines
  • Use the Recommended Grade of Motor Oil
  • You can improve your gas mileage by 1-2 percent
    by using the manufacturer's recommended grade of
    motor oil. For example, using 10W-30 motor oil in
    an engine designed to use 5W-30 can lower your
    gas mileage by 1-2 percent. Using 5W-30 in an
    engine designed for 5W-20 can lower your gas
    mileage by 1-1.5 percent. Also, look for motor
    oil that says "Energy Conserving" on the API
    performance symbol to be sure it contains
    friction-reducing additives.
  • Fuel Economy Benefit 1-2
  • Equivalent Gasoline Savings 0.04-0.07/gallon

23
Home Car Other Engines
  • Planning Combining Trips
  • Commuting
  • If you can stagger your work hours to avoid peak
    rush hours, you'll spend less time sitting in
    traffic and consume less fuel. If you own more
    than one vehicle, drive the one that gets the
    best gas mileage whenever possible. Consider
    telecommuting (working from home) if your
    employer permits it. If possible, take advantage
    of carpools and ride-share programs. You can cut
    your weekly fuel costs in half and save wear on
    your car if you take turns driving with other
    commuters. Many urban areas allow vehicles with
    multiple passengers to use special High Occupancy
    Vehicle (HOV) lanes.
  • Traveling
  • A roof rack or carrier provides additional cargo
    space and may allow you to meet your needs with a
    smaller car. However, a loaded roof rack can
    decrease your fuel economy by 5 percent. Reduce
    aerodynamic drag and improve your fuel economy by
    placing items inside the trunk whenever possible.
    Avoid carrying unneeded items, especially heavy
    ones. An extra 100 lbs in the trunk reduces a
    typical car's fuel economy by 1-2 percent.

24
Home Car Other Vehicles
  • The new regulations take effect in 2010 for
    gas-powered marine engines, and 2011 for lawn and
    garden equipment of 25 horsepower or less.
  • Engine makers will need cut 35 percent of
    hydrocarbon and nitrogen oxide emissions for lawn
    and garden equipment, in addition to the a 60
    percent reduction that was implemented by
    regulations two years ago. The new engines are
    also expected to achieve a 45 percent reduction
    in fuel evaporative emissions.
  • The engines in recreational watercraft will need
    to meet a 70 percent reduction in hydrocarbon and
    nitrogen oxide emissions, a 20 percent reduction
    in carbon monoxide and a 70 percent reduction in
    fuel evaporative emissions.

25
Home Cleaning Supplies
  • KITCHEN
  • Countertops - For a soft scrub, mix baking soda
    and liquid soap until you get a consistency you
    like. The amounts dont have to be perfect. Make
    only as much as you need, as it dries up quickly.
  • Ovens - To clean extra-greasy ovens, mix together
    1 cup baking soda and 1/4 cup of washing soda,
    then add enough water to make a paste apply the
    paste to oven surfaces and let soak overnight.
    The next morning, lift off soda mixture and
    grime rinse surfaces well (gloves are
    recommended as washing soda may irritate skin).
  • Microwave ovens - These can be cleaned with a
    paste made from 3 to 4 tablespoons of baking soda
    mixed with water. Scrub on with a sponge and
    rinse.
  • Cutting boards - Sanitize them by spraying with
    vinegar and then with 3 percent hydrogen
    peroxide. Keep the liquids in separate spray
    bottles and use them one at a time. It doesnt
    matter which one you use first, but both together
    are much more effective than either one alone.

26
Home Cleaning Supplies
  • BATHROOM
  • Tub and tile cleaner - Mix 1 2/3 cup baking soda,
    1/2 cup liquid soap, and 1/2 cup water. Then, as
    the last step, add 2 tablespoons vinegar (if you
    add the vinegar too early it will react with the
    baking soda). Immediately apply, wipe, and scrub.
  • A good all-purpose sanitizer - 2 teaspoons borax,
    4 tablespoons vinegar, and 3 to 4 cups hot water
    in a spray bottle. For extra cleaning power, add
    1/4 teaspoon liquid soap to the mixture.
  • Toilet bowl - Pour 1 cup of borax into the toilet
    before going to bed. In the morning, scrub and
    flush. For an extra-strength cleaner, add 1/4 cup
    vinegar to the borax.
  • Drains - Prevent clogged drains by using hair and
    food traps. To de-grease and sweeten sink and tub
    drains, pour 1/2 cup of baking soda down drain,
    followed by 1 cup vinegar let bubble for 15
    minutes rinse with hot water. You might have to
    repeat the procedure more than once or leave the
    baking soda and vinegar to cook overnight.

27
Home Cleaning Supplies
  • LIVING ROOM
  • General dusting - Best done with a damp cloth
    Dry dusting simply stirs up dust and moves it
    around.
  • Furniture polish - Mix olive oil and vinegar in a
    one-to-one ratio and polish with a soft cloth. Or
    look in a health-food store for food-grade
    linseed oil, often called omega-3 or flaxseed
    oil, rather than the type found in hardware
    stores to finish furniture. Linseed oil sold for
    furniture use often contains dangerous petroleum
    distillates to speed evaporation.
  • Windows - Put 3 tablespoons vinegar per 1 quart
    water in a spray bottle. Some recommend using
    half vinegar and half water. For extra-dirty
    windows try this 1/2 teaspoon liquid soap, 3
    tablespoons vinegar, and 2 cups of water. Shake
    well. The best way to get streak-free windows?
    Use newspaper instead of paper towels to wipe
    them.

28
Home Cleaning Supplies
  • METAL POLISH
  • Brass, copper, bronze and aluminum - To remove
    tarnish, rub metal with sliced lemons. For tough
    jobs, sprinkle baking soda on the lemon, then
    rub.
  • Sterling silver - Put a sheet of aluminum foil
    into a plastic or glass bowl. Sprinkle the foil
    with salt and baking soda, then fill the bowl
    with warm water. Soak your silver in the bowl,
    and the tarnish will migrate to the aluminum
    foil. Rinse and dry the silver, then buff it with
    a soft cloth.
  • AIR FRESHENER
  • A simple recipe of 1 teaspoon baking soda, 1
    teaspoon vinegar (or lemon juice), and 2 cups hot
    water in a spray bottle can be spritzed in the
    air to remove odors.

29
Home Cleaning Supplies
  • FLOORS AND CARPETS
  • Linoleum - For extra grease-cutting, try this
    formula 1/4 cup washing soda with 1 tablespoon
    of liquid soap, 1/4 cup vinegar, and 2 gallons
    hot water. Put the washing soda in the bucket
    first and add the liquid ingredients that way
    the soda wont splash out. Caution Do not use
    this formula on waxed floors.
  • Sanitize floors - Add 2 gallons of hot water to
    1/2 cup of borax. Put the borax in the bucket
    first, then add water slowly to avoid splashing.
  • Wood floors - Add 1 cup of vinegar per pail of
    hot water.
  • Carpeting and rugs - To soak up and eliminate
    odors, sprinkle baking soda over the surface of
    the carpet and let it stand for 15 to 30 minutes
    before vacuuming.

30
Home Cleaning Supplies
  • LAUNDRY
  • Laundry brightener - Add 1/2 cup of strained
    lemon juice during the rinse cycle.
  • Fabric rinse - Add 1/4 cup of white vinegar
    during the washing machines rinse cycle to
    remove detergent completely from clothes,
    eliminating that scratchy feel. (Note This will
    not leave your clothes smelling like vinegar.)
  • Detergent booster - To reduce the amount of
    laundry detergent you need to use (especially if
    you have hard water ) add baking soda or washing
    soda. These minerals soften the water, which
    increases the detergents power. For liquid
    detergent, add 1/2 cup of soda at the beginning
    of the wash. For powdered detergent, add 1/2 cup
    of soda during the rinse cycle.
  • Bleach - Use hydrogen peroxide instead of
    chlorine bleach.
  • Dry cleaning - Many delicate dry clean only
    items can be washed at home by hand. In general,
    its best to use cool water and a mild liquid
    soap. Squeeze or wring gently and lay flat to
    dry.

31
Home Cleaning Supplies
  • Danger refers to products that are corrosive,
    extremely flammable, highly toxic, or poisonous .
    Commercial toilet-bowl, oven, and drain cleaners
    often bear this label .
  • Caution or Warning are catchall terms for
    many other hazards, so scan for specifics, such
    as Vapor harmful, Causes burns, or May be
    fatal or cause blindness if swallowed.
  • Irritants refer to substances that cause injury
    or inflammation on contact.
  • Corrosives refer to chemicals that destroy
    tissue.
  • Sensitizers are ingredients that can cause
    allergic reactions and chronic adverse health
    effects that become evident only after continuing
    exposures.
  • Chronic Health Hazards may include effects
    ranging from sterility and birth defects to
    cancer.

32
Home Cleaning Supplies
  • Nontoxic. This implies that the product will
    cause no harm to the consumer or environment.
    However, there is currently no standard
    definition for this term, and unless otherwise
    specified, there is no organization independently
    verifying the claim .
  • Natural. Though widely found on commercial
    cleaning products, the term natural doesnt
    necessarily mean much. Theres no standard
    definition for this claim in industry, so
    manufacturers can use it as they please. Whats
    more, just because something is natural doesnt
    mean its less toxic, or non-irritating. Even
    cleaners that are safe enough to eat, like lemon
    juice, can be irritating to the eyes or skin.
  • Environmentally friendly. While this label
    implies that the product or packaging has some
    kind of environmental benefit or that it causes
    no harm to the environment, there is currently no
    standard definition for the term. Unless
    otherwise specified, there is also no
    organization independently verifying this claim.
  • Biodegradable. This term is somewhat meaningful,
    but it can be misleading. Biodegradable, which
    implies that a product or its packaging will
    break down in nature in a reasonably short period
    of time, has been only loosely defined by the
    federal government.

33
Home Cleaning Supplies
  • Check the ingredient list. Since manufacturers
    are not required to list all the ingredients in
    their cleaning products, unless they are active
    disinfectants or known to be potentially
    hazardous, it can be difficult to know exactly
    what youre buying. And bear in mind that unlike
    food package labels, when a cleaning products
    ingredients are listed, the order doesnt
    necessarily represent relative amounts. Companies
    that claim to disclose their full list of
    ingredients include Ecover, Trader Joes and
    Seventh Generation.

34
Home Cleaning Supplies
  • Nonylphenol ethoxylates (NPEs). When theyre
    released into the environment, these chemicals
    can break down into toxic substances that can act
    as hormone disrupters, potentially threatening
    the reproductive capacity of fish, birds, and
    mammals. A recent U.S Geological Survey study
    found that 69 percent of streams tested in one
    Southeastern U.S. locale contained these
    potentially dangerous byproducts.

35
Home Cleaning Supplies
  • Antibacterials - Some may cause skin and eye
    irritation, and certain types, such as triclosan,
    now found widely in the environment , may cause
    environmental harm by contributing to the
    emergence of antibiotic resistant bacteria.
    Recent studies have also suggested that triclosan
    could form dioxin, a carcinogen, in the presence
    of sunlight , and chloroform, a probable human
    carcinogen, in the presence of chlorinated water.
    Whats more, theres a growing consensus that
    antibacterial household cleaners wont keep you
    any safer from infectious illnesses than regular
    types. These findings may stem in part from the
    fact that most infections are caused by viruses,
    not bacteria. In fact, experts say, its not the
    type of cleaner that matters in combating germs,
    but the frequency and thoroughness of cleaning
    plain soap and hot water are generally enough to
    do the job.

36
Home Cleaning Supplies
  • Ammonia - Poisonous when swallowed, extremely
    irritating to respiratory passages when inhaled
    can burn skin on contact. Found in floor,
    bathroom, tile, and glass cleaners.
  • Butyl cellosolve (also known as butyl glycol,
    ethylene glycol, monobutyl) - Poisonous when
    swallowed and a lung tissue irritant. Found in
    glass cleaners and all-purpose cleaners.
  • Chlorine bleach (sodium hypochlorite) - Extremely
    irritating to the lungs and eyes. (Note Never
    mix chlorine bleach products with ammonia. That
    produces a poisonous gas.) Sold by itself and
    found in a variety of household cleaners.
  • d-limonene - Can irritate the skin. Found in air
    fresheners.
  • Diethanolamine (DEA) triethanolamine (TEA) -
    Can produce carcinogenic compounds, which can
    penetrate the skin when combined with nitrosomes,
    an often-undisclosed preservative or contaminant.
    Found in sudsing products, including detergents
    and cleaners.

37
Home Cleaning Supplies
  • Disinfectants - This a catchall term for a
    variety of active ingredients, including chlorine
    bleach, alcohol, quaternary compounds, and pine
    oil and ethyl alcohol. They are regulated by the
    EPA as pesticides and all have some health
    effects. Most can also cause problems in
    waterways by killing helpful bacteria. Found in a
    variety of household cleaners many products that
    carry the antibacterial label are also
    disinfectants.
  • Fragrances - May cause watery eyes and
    respiratory tract irritation. Found in a variety
    of cleaners and air fresheners.
  • Hydrochloric acid - Can severely burn skin,
    irritate eyes and respiratory tract. Found in
    toilet bowl cleaners.
  • Naptha - Can cause headaches, nausea, and
    central-nervous-system symptoms with
    overexposure. Found in furniture and floor polish
    and glass cleaners.

38
Home Cleaning Supplies
  • Petroleum-based ingredients - Many ingredients
    are derived from petroleum, including some of
    those above such as APEs and naptha, and theyre
    commonly found in many cleaning products as
    surfactants. Other toxic ingredients derived from
    petroleum, including formaldehyde , can also be
    present at trace levels in cleaning products.
    Found in a variety of household cleaners.
  • Phosphates - Can reach waterways and contribute
    to the overgrowth of algae and aquatic weeds,
    which can kill off fish populations and other
    aquatic life. Found in automatic dishwasher
    detergents and some laundry detergents.
  • Sodium hydroxide (lye) - Corrosive and extremely
    irritating to eyes, nose, and throat and can burn
    those tissues on contact. Found in drain, metal,
    and oven cleaners.
  • Sulfuric acid - Can severely damage eyes, lungs,
    and skin. Found in drain cleaners.

39
Home Cleaning Supplies
  • Green Works Clorox
  • A natural resource qualifies as a renewable
    resource if it is replenished by natural
    processes at a rate that's equal to the rate of
    consumption by humans. The plant and
    mineral-based ingredients in Green Works
    cleaners use materials that come from a resource
    that is renewable.
  • A biodegradable material is something that has
    the ability to safely and relatively quickly
    break down biological into the raw materials of
    nature and disappear into the environment. Much
    of the ingredients used in Green Works natural
    cleaners are biodegradable helping to minimize
    the impact on the environment.
  • A sustainable product is something made from
    renewable resources, which means they can grow
    back quickly and can be harvested with minimal
    harm to the environment. Our goal with the entire
    line of Green Works natural cleaners is to use
    materials that are renewable.
  • Animals were not used to test the safety and
    efficacy of Green Works natural cleaning
    products.

40
Home Clothes
  • Clothing is not sustainable... so specifically
    buying clothing that tries to be more sustainable
    is a great idea. Re-use of clothing is the BEST
    option, this keeps items out of the landfill and
    saves all the resources that go into creating a
    new garment.
  • Denim Therapy www.denimtherapy.com to repair
    jeans... they look good as new at a fraction of
    the cost.
  • Getting hand me downs from friends is great as
    are second hand shops and eBay (you can get
    designer name children clothing at a fraction of
    the cost).
  • When buying new - Try to purchase clothing that
    is made with organic, natural and sustainable
    fabrics such as Organic Cotton, Bamboo, Silk,
    Hemp, PET (recycled from plastic bottles!).

41
Home Clothes
  • Organic Many T-shirts and jeans are made from
    conventional cottonone of the most
    pesticide-ridden crops around. And chemicals that
    dont leach into the soil or water or get emitted
    as toxic gas can remain trapped in the clothing
    youre wearing next to your skin.
  • Renewable Bamboo grows fast and furious without
    any help from us. It can be woven into fabric
    thats soft and silkyas well as naturally
    breathable and antibacterial.
  • Recyclable Ideally, your garb wont end up in a
    landfill when you tire of the style. Patagonia
    fleece is recyclable through the companys Common
    Threads program, and most sneakers can be
    recycled via Nikes Reuse-A-Shoe program. (If
    you cant recycle something, donating or
    reselling is a greener option than trashing it.)
  • Socially Responsible In most cases, how green
    clothing is made is given as much thought as what
    its made from. Sweatshop-free apparel is more
    costly to producethough that isnt necessarily
    passed on to the consumer.
  • Green Practices The greenest companies offer
    eco-friendly products and run eco-friendly
    businessespowering their buildings with solar or
    wind energy, practicing recycling, and so on.

42
Home Clothes
Recycled Making clothing and accessories from
existing materials requires far less energy and
resources than doing so with virgin materials.
Patagonia recycles polyester to create many of
its base layers and jackets, while aGain NYC
fashions its handbags and accessories from
repurposed fabrics. Mined metals and
petroleum-based plastics arent the only options
for zippers and buttons Seatbeltbags.com Messenge
r Bag 168
43
Home Composting
  • Studies show that home composting can divert 700
    pounds of material per year from each household.
  • Yard waste and trimmings account for nearly 17
    of municipal solid waste in the US. This waste
    consists of grass, leaves, tree, and brush
    trimmings - adding up to approximately 31 million
    tons each yr.
  • Approximately 6.7 of the municipal solid waste
    in the US is food scraps. While it may seem like
    a small percentage, it adds up to over 13.2
    million tons per year. Compost is organic
    material that can be used as a soil amendment or
    as a medium to grow plants. Mature compost is a
    stable material with a content called humus that
    is dark brown or black and has a soil-like,
    earthy smell. It is created by combining organic
    wastes (e.g., yard trimmings, food wastes,
    manures) in proper ratios into piles, rows, or
    vessels adding bulking agents (e.g., wood chips)
    as necessary to accelerate the breakdown of
    organic materials and allowing the finished
    material to fully stabilize and mature through a
    curing process.

44
Home Composting
  • What to compost

45
Home Composting
  • What NOT to compost
  • Black walnut tree leaves or twigs
  • Releases substances that might be harmful to
    plants
  • Coal or charcoal ash
  • Might contain substances harmful to plants
  • Dairy products (butter, egg yolks, milk, sour
    cream, yogurt)
  • Create odor problems and attract pests such as
    rodents and flies
  • Diseased or insect-ridden plants
  • Diseases or insects might survive and be
    transferred back to other plants
  • Fats, grease, lard, or oils
  • Create odor problems and attract pests such as
    rodents and flies
  • Meat or fish bones and scraps
  • Create odor problems and attract pests such as
    rodents and flies
  • Pet wastes (e.g., dog or cat feces, soiled cat
    litter)
  • Might contain parasites, bacteria, germs,
    pathogens, and viruses harmful to humans
  • Yard trimmings treated with chemical pesticides
  • Might kill beneficial composting organisms

46
Home Composting
  • All composting requires three basic ingredients
  • BrownsIncludes materials such as dead leaves,
    branches , twigs
  • GreensIncludes materials such as grass
    clippings, vegetable waste, fruit scraps, and
    coffee grounds
  • Water
  • Select a dry, shady spot near a water source for
    your compost pile or bin.
  • Before you add your brown and green materials,
    make sure larger pieces are chopped or shredded.
  • Cover your composting area with a 6-inch layer of
    brown materials.
  • Add a 3-inch layer of green materials and a
    little soil or finished compost.
  • Lightly mix the two layers above.
  • Top with a 3-inch layer of brown materials,
    adding water until moist.
  • Turn your compost pile every week or two with a
    pitchfork to distribute air and moisture. Move
    the dry materials from the edges into the middle
    of the pile. Continue this practice until the
    pile does not re-heat much after turning.
  • Your compost will be ready in one to four months,
    but let the pile sit for two weeks before using.

47
Home Electricity
  • AVG/DAY Allows you to see your average
  • daily electric use in kilowatt-hours (kWh). Your
    average
  • daily use is determined by the billing period
    kWh
  • divided by the number of days in the read
    period.
  • Member Service Charge A set monthly charge to
    cover fixed operating and maintenance charges.

48
Home Electricity
  • Delivery Charge The price per kWh for
    delivering electricity to your home or business.
  • Stranded Cost Charge A per kWh charge that pays
    for part of the costs related to the Seabrook
    Station nuclear power plant and the cost of
    terminating a long-term power supply contract
    with PSNH.

49
Home Electricity
  • System Benefit Charge A per kWh charge that
    consists of two components energy efficiency
    programs for Co-op members and the State of New
    Hampshires Statewide Electric Assistance program
    which provides bill relief for residential
    members who meet income qualifications.
  • NH Consumption Tax and Business Enterprise Tax
    (BET) A State of New Hampshire tax charged on
    all accounts.

50
Home Electricity
  • Regional Access Charge A per kWh charge for the
    cost of accessing the regional transmission grid
    and related expenses.
  • Optional NHEC Foundation If you have not opted
    out of the Round Up Program, your monthly
    electric bill is rounded up to the next dollar,
    with the proceeds benefiting the New Hampshire
    Electric Co-op Foundation. This line indicates
    the amount of your monthly contribution. Your
    yearly contribution will be shown on your
    December bill.

51
Home Electricity
  • Co-op Power A per kWh charge that represents
    the cost of electric energy the Cooperative
    purchases for its members on the competitive
    wholesale market.
  • Your bill has two separate areas. The Current
    Electric Charges area itemizes only those charges
    related to your electric usage. The Statement of
    Account area itemizes any other charges not
    directly related to your electric usage.

52
Home Electricity
  • What is a Home Energy Analysis?
  • The Home Energy Analysis is an in-depth look at
    your energy usage and consists of
  • Auditing a home with a "blower door test" which
    reveals leaks in the home where heat can escape
    and cold air can infiltrate
  • Checking the adequacy of insulation in the attic,
    walls and basement
  • Evaluating accuracy of thermostats
  • Inspecting electric hot water systems for proper
    insulation and settings
  • Providing a computer analysis that calculates
    estimated savings and a return on investment for
    certain energy-efficient improvements if they are
    installed in the home
  • Recommendations may include
  • Air sealing to reduce air infiltration and air
    loss from the home
  • Upgrading insulation to reduce conduction in
    attics, basements, crawl spaces and walls,
    minimizing heat loss in the winter and keeping
    heat out in the summer
  • Replacing old thermostats on heating systems with
    new ones that are more accurate and can be set to
    adjust temperatures and save energy

53
Home Electricity
  • Heating
  • How low can your thermostats be set? Each one
    degree drop for an eight-hour period reduces your
    fuel bill percent.
  • Try turning down the thermostat 10 degrees at
    night, youll save 10 to 20 percent of your
    heating bill.
  • Programmable set-back thermostat Gas and Oil
  • Heat with electricity? Take advantage of the
    individual room thermostats that make it possible
    to shut off unused rooms and to have cool
    settings in some rooms and warmer settings in
    others.
  • Keep the fan on your central heating unit on
    "auto" position. Leaving the fan on "on" can add
    25 a month to your heating costs. 
  • Install the heating thermostat on an inside wall
    and away from windows and doors.

54
Home Electricity
  • Clean or replace filters every month. Dirty
    filters can increase operating costs by 20
    percent.
  • Use ceiling fans in winter to distribute heat
    around a room.
  • Close your fireplace damper when not in use.
    Consider glass doors to help prevent heat loss
    when your heating system is on.
  • Make sure registers are not blocked by furniture
    or draperies.
  • Use insulated or heavy curtains on windows facing
    the north side of the house. Keep curtains and
    shades closed at night or on cloudy days.
  • Need convincing? (Besides saving money) ?
  • Plants are healthier in the cooler air.
  • The body will burn a few more calories keeping
    you warm, thereby helping you to lose weight and
    improve your general health.
  • House audit? No worries about loosing warn air
    out or getting cold air in.

55
Home Electricity
  • Cooling
  • Set your thermostat on the highest comfortable
    setting. If you're leaving for the day, turn it
    up a couple of degrees. Do not turn your cooling
    system off unless you'll be gone for an extended
    period of time.  
  • Clean or change your filters monthly. Dirty
    filters can increase operating costs by 20
    percent. Don't block registers and return vents
    with furniture or drapes.    
  • Use a ceiling fan or portable fan to supplement
    your air conditioning. A fan can make you feel
    three to four degrees cooler (and only costs a
    half-cent per hour to operate) so you can set
    your thermostat a few degrees higher and save on
    cooling costs. Use in occupied rooms since fans
    cool people, not rooms. As a safety precaution,
    turn off ceiling fans when you leave your home.
  • For central air conditioning systems, keep the
    fan switch on your thermostat in the "auto"
    position when cooling. This gives you better
    cooling and humidity control. Having the fan
    switch "on" continuously could cost 25 extra a
    month on your electric bill.  

56
Home Electricity
  • Close blinds, drapes and shades during the
    hottest part of the day. This keeps the sun's
    rays from heating your house.  
  • If you suspect your air conditioning system is
    not cooling properly, have it checked promptly. A
    unit that is having operational problems can
    cause extremely high bills.
  • If your air conditioning equipment is older and
    less efficient, compensate by being extra careful
    about temperature settings, hours of operation
    and filter condition.   
  • Use your microwave or countertop appliances for
    cooking instead of the oven or stove.    
  • Make sure your home is properly insulated. In
    existing homes, wall insulation may be too
    expensive to install, so concentrate on attic and
    floor insulation.

57
Home Electricity
  • Bulbs
  • The smallest things can add up to a real
    difference. Change out the light fixtures or
    bulbs at home that you use most with ENERGY STAR
    qualified models. If every American home replaced
    their 5 most frequently used light fixtures or
    the bulbs in them with ones that have earned the
    ENERGY STAR, we would save close to 8 billion
    each year in energy costs, and together we would
    prevent the greenhouse gases equivalent to the
    emissions from nearly 10 million cars.
  • ENERGY STAR qualified bulbs use about 75 percent
    less energy than standard incandescent bulbs and
    last up to 10 times longer.
  • Save about 30 or more in electricity costs over
    each bulb's lifetime.
  • Produce about 75 percent less heat, so they're
    safer to operate and can cut energy costs
    associated with home cooling.

58
Home Electronics
  • Home electronic products use energy when they're
    off to power features like clock displays and
    remote controls. U.S. households spend 100 per
    year to power devices while they are in this
    "standby" power mode. Products that have earned
    the ENERGY STAR use less energy to perform these
    functions, while providing the same performance
    and features as conventional models. Using less
    energy preserves energy resources and helps
    reduce the risks of global warming while saving
    money on energy bills.
  • Simple actions can make a big difference. The
    average home has two TVs, three telephones, and a
    DVD player. If these items were replaced with
    ENERGY STAR qualified models, it would save over
    25 billion pounds of greenhouse gas emissions,
    equivalent to that of more than 2 million cars.

59
Home Electronics
  • Battery Charging Systems
  • Approximately 230 million products with battery
    charging systems are currently in use in American
    homes and businesses.
  • In the U.S. alone, more energy efficient battery
    chargers have the potential to save Americans
    more than 1 billion kilowatt hours (kWh) of
    energy per year, saving Americans more than 100
    million annually while preventing the release of
    more than one million tons of greenhouse gas
    emissions equivalent to the emissions of
    150,000 cars. On average, ENERGY STAR qualified
    battery chargers will use 35 less energy than
    conventional models.
  • Conventional battery chargers even when not
    actively charging a product can draw as much as
    5 to 20 times more energy than is actually stored
    in the battery!

60
Home Electronics
  • Televisions
  • There are about 275 million TVs currently in use
    in the U.S., consuming over 50 billion kWh of
    energy each year or 4 percent of all
    households' electricity use. This is enough
    electricity to power all the homes in the state
    of New York for an entire year.
  • Earning the ENERGY STAR means a product meets
    strict energy efficiency guidelines set by the US
    Environmental Protection Agency and the
    Department of Energy. For TVs, it means they save
    energy when they are turned off.
  • ENERGY STAR qualified TVs use about 30 less
    energy than standard units.

61
Home Flooring
  • Traditional wood flooring isn't sustainable,
    taking 30-100 years to grow a tree that can be
    used for flooring.
  • Bamboo is a grass that grows to floor quality in
    5-7 years, with the next batch of bamboo growing
    from the same roots -- just like the grass in a
    lawn.
  • Cork, the bark of the cork oak tree, can be
    harvested, or peeled away, after the tree is 25
    years old and then every 9-12 years, without
    killing the tree.

62
Home Flooring
  • Carpet Past
  • Carpeting already accounts for 70 of floor
    coverings in the United States, with the majority
    of carpet materials being unsustainable as well
    as unsuited to the health of the people who live
    with them.  Standard carpet is made of nylon,
    acrylic, polypropylene, or polyester, and is
    frequently backed with synthetic SB latex,
    polyurethane, or polyvinyl chloride (PVC)all of
    which are petroleum products.  SB latex, which is
    used on at least 90 of carpet, contains the
    toxin styrene and is a suspected carcinogen.  PVC
    is the subject of a health controversy that
    resulted in several of its components being
    banned from children's toys in Europe.  Synthetic
    carpets of all kinds are known to off-gas dozens
    of chemicals, not only from the materials
    themselves but also from the heavy chemical
    treatments that they receive, including dye,
    stainproofing, fungicide, antistatic, and fire
    retardant.

63
Home Flooring
  • Carpet Now and the Future
  • Wool - it's made from a renewable and
    biodegradable resource the cut hair of sheep or
    llamas that depend on the grass of New Zealand
    hills.
  • Plant fibers are another sustainable flooring
    component that have the advantage of being
    VOC-free, biodegradable, and chemically
    untreated. The best-known of these is sisal,
    made from leaves of an agave plant which is grown
    without pesticides and harvested by hand in the
    deserts of Latin America and Africa.
  • Seagrass is another sustainable option, being a
    thicker fiber grown underwater in Asia and woven
    into tough carpets backed with latex or urethane.
    Because it doesn't hold dye, the green-brown
    color of seagrass ties it to its natural source,
    and it's also very easy to care for.

64
Home Furniture
  • It uses wood is certified to have come from
    sustainable forests. It has non-toxic finishes.
    The foam inside the cushions is made from
    recycled materials, and the foam is then wrapped
    in 100 percent cotton. The textiles used for the
    upholstery are organic and chemical free.
  • Rowe Furniture (www.rowefurniture.com) launched
    its Eco-Rowe collection this week, with 21 new
    natural-fiber upholstery fabrics, bringing its
    line of eco-friendly fabrics to 137 options. The
    cushions on its new Aura and Summerlin sofas are
    filled with recycled fiber in addition to
    natural duck feathers and down and are wrapped
    in 100 percent cotton ticking. The wood frames
    are made from domestic lumber cut from
    sustainable forests.

65
Home Furniture
  • Copeland Furniture (www.copelandfurniture.com),
    a Vermont company known for its natural hardwood
    furniture, has stamped the signature Taliesin
    Barrel Chair from its Frank Lloyd Wright
    collection with the Forest Stewardship Council's
    logo, meaning the all-cherry frame comes from an
    inspected forest that is "well managed according
    to strict environmental, social and economic
    standards.
  • Bernhardt's (www.bernhardt.com) Cascade
    collection was produced from plantation-grown
    rubberwood, with walnut veneers from sustainable
    U.S. suppliers. The center door of the display
    curio is covered with pressed rubbertree leaves
    under glass. The unusual buffet looks cut
    directly from nature, and has ample storage for
    silver, wine and china.

66
Home Furniture
  • C.R. Laine (www.crlaine.com) introduced a
    "down2earth" upholstery line, in which cushions
    are filled with fibers spun from recycled plastic
    drink bottles. The fabrics are 100 percent
    natural fibers such as linen and cotton. The wood
    frames are certified under the Sustainable
    Forestry Initiative, and the springs are made
    from 50 percent recycled metal.
  • Palecek (www.palecek.com) has always been known
    for furniture made from natural, sustainable
    materials such as rattan and plantation-grown
    hardwood. They are also involved in a
    reforestation project in the Phillipines, helping
    to plant more than a million trees over the last
    15 years. Palecek introduced six green fabrics
    this week, made from hemp, bamboo, linen and
    cotton. The Woodland Collection features taupe
    organic hopsack on the chairs and hemp on the
    sofa. The wall panel is carved from plantation
    hardwood.

67
Home Groceries
  • Farmers Market
  • The Green Bay Farmers' Market is held in Downtown
    Green Bay on the parking lot just east of Monroe
    Avenue. The market is held from 700 AM until
    Noon for 22 consecutive weeks.This years market
    will be held each Saturday from June 7th through
    November 1st. Located in the Associated Bank
    parking lot just east of Monroe, between Cherry
    and Pine streets.
  • Farm Fresh Atlas Eastern Wisconsin
  • http//www.farmfresheastwi.org/files/atlas.pdf
  • Whole Foods Market
  • Madison and Milwaukee
  • Core Values
  • Selling the highest quality natural and organic
    products available
  • Satisfying and delighting our customers
  • Supporting team member happiness and excellence
  • Creating wealth through profits growth
  • Caring about our communities our environment
  • Creating ongoing win-win partnerships with our
    suppliers.

68
Home Groceries
  • Tote Bags
  • Plastic Bags
  • Take them with you to the grocery store to be
    reused when bagging your groceries, instead of
    taking new ones.
  • Return your bags back to the grocery store for
    recycling. Most stores have a container to take
    these bags back and recycle them for you.
  • Keep plastic bags around the house or/and car
  • If you have pets, use plastic bags to clean out
    the litter box or scoop the poop in the yard.
    When you take your dog for a walk, tie a couple
    of bags to the leash handle so you will always
    have a bag available to scoop the poop. Donate
    them to animal shelters who often need plastic
    bags for cleaning and to use when walking dogs,
    they'll appreciate having a few extra around.
  • Donate the bags to your local charity shop or
    thrift store library, so that people who borrow
    books can use them to bring the books home.
  • Plastic bags can be used for packing material for
    packages to be mailed or stored. Wad them up and
    stuff around the items.
  • Cut into strips and knit/crochet into a stronger
    reusable shopping bag.

69
Home Recycling
  • Steps to Recycling a Product
  • Step 1. Collection and Processing - Collecting
    recyclables varies from community to community,
    but there are four primary methods curbside,
    drop-off centers, buy-back centers, and
    deposit/refund programs. Regardless of the
    method used to collect the recyclables, the next
    leg of their journey is usually the same.
    Recyclables are sent to a materials recovery
    facility to be sorted and prepared into
    marketable commodities for manufacturing.
    Recyclables are bought and sold just like any
    other commodity, and prices for the materials
    change and fluctuate with the market.
  • Step 2. Manufacturing - Once cleaned and
    separated, the recyclables are ready to undergo
    the second part of the recycling loop. More and
    more of today's products are being manufactured
    with total or partial recycled content. Common
    household items that contain recycled materials
    include newspapers and paper towels aluminum,
    plastic, and glass soft drink containers steel
    cans and plastic laundry detergent bottles.
    Recycled materials also are used in innovative
    applications such as recovered glass in roadway
    asphalt (glassphalt) or recovered plastic in
    carpeting, park benches, and pedestrian bridges.
  • Step 3. Purchasing Recycled Products - Purchasing
    recycled products completes the recycling loop.
    By "buying recycled," governments, as well as
    businesses and individual consumers, each play an
    important role in making the recycling process a
    success. As consumers demand more environmentally
    sound products, manufacturers will continue to
    meet that demand by producing high-quality
    recycled products. Learn more about recycling
    terminology and to find tips on identifying
    recycled products.

70
Home Recycling
  • What can be recycled?
  • Recycle type 1 (PETE) and type 2 (HDPE) plastic
    containers at your curb, according to local
    instructions. Type 1 and 2 containers include
    some plastic bags, detergent containers, and
    milk, soft drink, juice, cooking oil and water
    bottles.
  • Drop off plastic grocery bags - usually type 4
    (LDPE), sometimes type 2, though not always
    marked - at your grocery store to be recycled.
    Most large chain grocery stores will have bins
    located in the store. Types 2 and 4 can be mixed
    most of the time, but read the signs first to be
    sure. Clean out bags before recycling.
  • Call local recycling center in your area that
    will take foam packaging (type 6, Expanded
    Polystyrene or EPS). Other type 6 items such as
    plastic utensils will most likely need to be
    thrown out.
  • Throw out types 3 (plastic food wrap and
    vegetable oil bottles), 5 (yogurt containers,
    syrup bottles, diapers, some bags, most bottle
    tops and some food wrap) and 7 (layered or mixed
    plastic). While some of these are recyclable, the
    plastics industry is still in the early stages of
    recycling and does not recycle these in most
    cities unless it is through a test program.

71
Home Recycling
  • Recycled Products Shopping List
  • There are more than 4,500 recycled-content
    products available, and this number continues to
    grow. In fact, many of the products we regularly
    purchase contain recycled-content. The following
    list presents just a sampling of products that
    can be made with recycled content

72
Home Recycling
  • Recycled-content products are made from materials
    that would otherwise have been discarded. Items
    in this category are made totally or partially
    from material destined for disposal or recovered
    from industrial activities-like aluminum soda
    cans or newspaper. Recycled-content products also
    can be items that are rebuilt or remanufactured
    from used products such as toner cartridges or
    computers.
  • Postconsumer content refers to material from
    products that were used by consumers or
    businesses and would otherwise be discarded as
    waste. If a product is labeled "recycled
    content," the rest of the product material might
    have come from excess or damaged items generated
    during normal manufacturing processes-not
    collected through a local recycling program.
  • Recyclable products can be collected and
    remanufactured into new products after they've
    been used. These products do not necessarily
    contain recycled materials and only benefit the
    environment if people recycle them after use.
    Check with your local recycling program to
    determine which items are recyclable in your
    community.

73
Home Water Conservation
  • Fix That Leak!
  • Challenge Leaky faucets that drip at the rate of
    one drip per second can waste more than 3,000
    gallons of water each year. Solution If you're
    unsure whether you have a leak, read your water
    meter before and after a two-hour period when no
    water is being used. If the meter does not read
    exactly the same, you probably have a leak.
  • Challenge A leaky toilet can waste about 200
    gallons of water every day.Solution To tell if
    your toilet has a leak, place a drop of food
    coloring in the tank if the color shows in the
    bowl without flushing, you have a leak.
  • Shower Power
  • Challenge A full bath tub requires about 70
    gallons of water, while taking a five-minute
    shower uses 10 to 25 gallons.
  • Solution If you take a bath, stopper the drain
    immediately and adjust the temperature as you
    fill the tub.

74
Home Water Conservation
  • Turn It Off!
  • Challenge The average bathroom faucet flows at a
    rate of two gallons per minute.
  • Solution Turning off the tap while brushing your
    teeth in the morning and at bedtime can save up
    to 8 gallons of water per day, which equals 240
    gallons a month!
  • Make It a Full Load
  • Challenge The average washing machine uses about
    41 gallons of water per load.
  • Solution High-efficiency washing machines use
    less than 28 gallons of water per load. To
    achieve even greater savings, wash only full
    loads of laundry or use the appropriate load size
    selection on the washing machine.

75
Home Water Conservation
  • Water Wisely
  • Challenge The typical single-family suburban
    household uses at least 30 percent of their water
    outdoors for irrigation. Some experts estimate
    that more than 50 percent of landscape water use
    goes to waste due to evaporation or runoff caused
    by overwatering.Solution Drip irrigation
    systems use between 20 to 50 percent less water
    than conventional in-ground sprinkler systems.
    They are also much more efficient than
    conventional sprinklers because no water is lost
    to wind, runoff, and evaporation. If your
    in-ground system uses 100,000 gallons annually,
    you could potentially save mo
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