Roots anchor the plant and take wat er and nutrients from the soil
Taproot (big thick root)
Fibrous Root (many little roots)
3 Structures of plants
provide support for the plant
bundles of tubes that carry food and water
4 Structures of Plants
Allow movement of water and nutrients through the veins.
Main food making part of the plant
Use energy from the sun to make food from water and carbon dioxide
Small leaves that hold up the petals and protect the bud
5 Structures of Plants
An undeveloped plant
Stores food inside
Made in flowers
Seeds move in different ways
Some plants scatter their own seeds
Male sex cell
Produced by the anther
Female sex cell
Found inside the pistil
Becomes a seed when fertilized
Pollination happens when animals wind or humans move pollen from one anther to a pistil.
When pollen goes down the pollen tube and sits on the egg the egg becomes a seed.
The seed becomes a new plant.
11 Seedless Plants
Seedless plants reproduce with spores.
Spores grow male and female branches and produce sex cells.
The branches combine and make an egg.
The egg grows a thin stalk with a spore case on top.
The spore case opens and the spores are released to make new plants.
Moss and Ferns are seedless plants
Water and minerals are carried to the leaves from the roots and stem.
Carbon Dioxide enters the plant through the leaves.
The leaves use the light from the sun to produce food (sugar).
The energy from the sun is absorbed by the chlorophyll in the leaves.
The food making process releases oxygen into the air.
The food produced goes to all parts of the plant. Some food is used and some is stored.
Seeds that do not germinate are dormant (sleeping).
They may need more water or warmer weather.
Dormancy can help a plant survive cold winters or periods without rain.
Some plants have to be dormant for a period of time to germinate.
14 Were you paying attentionTime for a QUIZ! 15 Quiz!
Q What does the stem do
A Carries food and water to and from the roots and leaves. 16 Quiz!
Q What is it called when a plant stays alive but saves energy for warm weather
A Dormancy 17 Quiz!
Q What do leaves make food from
A Water and Carbon Dioxide 18 Quiz!
Q What is germination
A When a seed sprouts into a plant. 19 Quiz Q What is inside the ovary A The egg/ovule 20 Quiz
Q How do seedless plants reproduce
A Spores 21 Quiz!
Q What is photosynthesis
A When leaves use energy from the sun to make food. 22 Quiz!
Q What are the products of photosynthesis
A Sugar and oxygen 23 Quiz!
Q Another name for male sex cells on a flowering plant is
A Pollen 24 Quiz!
Q Where is pollen made
A on the anther 25 Quiz!
Q What is another name for the female sex cell
A Egg or Ovule 26 Quiz!
Q Where are the eggs/ovules found
A In the ovary 27 Quiz!
Q How is pollen moved from plant to plant
A By wind animals or humans 28 Quiz!
Q How are seeds scattered
A Wind water animals humans or by exploding fruit 29 Quiz!
Q What is the part of the plant that protects the developing flower or bud
A Sepal 30 Quiz!
What is it called when pollen is moved from the anther to the pistil
What is it called when pollen goes down the pollen tube and sits on the egg the egg becomes a seed
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