Type 2 diabetes mellitus describes a condition of hyperglycemia that occurs despite the availability of insulin. It accounts for 90 to 95 of persons with diabetes.
3 Causes of DM Type 2
Diabetes is caused by a problem in the way your body makes or uses insulin.
If glucose does not get into the cells there will be too much glucose in the blood
4 Symptoms of DM Type 2
Polyuria Excessive urination
Polydipsia Excessive thirst
Polyphagia Excessive hunger
Everyone over 45 should have blood glucose checked at least every 3 years.
Maintain a healthy body weight and keep an active lifestyle.
6 Criteria for Diagnosis of DM
Casual plasma glucose concentration greater than 200 mg/dL
Fasting plasma glucose greater than or equal to 126 mg/dL
2-h post-load glucose greater than 200 mg/dL during oral glucose tolerance test (OGTT)
7 Treatment of DM Type 2
Diet and weight control
Regular physical activity
8 Continuing Care
Medical check up every 3 months with a diabetes care provider
Glycosylated hemoglobin (HbA1c) check the 3 months average of the blood glucose level
Blood pressure check
Foot and skin examination
9 Medications for DM Type 2
10 Possible Complications
Diabetic retinopathy (eye disease)
Diabetic nephropathy (kidney disease)
Diabetic neuropathy (nerve damage)
Peripheral vascular disease (damage to blood vessels/circulation)
High cholesterol high blood pressure arteriosclerosis and coronary artery disease
11 Foot Care
People with diabetes are prone to foot problems. Diabetes can cause damage to nerves which means you may not feel an injury to the foot until a large sore or infection develops. Diabetes can also damage blood vessels which makes it harder for the body to fight infection.
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